Omri Katz

Submitted by on Sep 19, 2015

One of us would say that our numbers have grown, because other again visited the city of Ann on the eve of the New Year. For the analysis of laser discs in the search for the festive sound design, we have once again seen that among the many things we have to pull together in the six years of personal acquaintance, common emotional denominator was the biographical love of combat music. Life experience associated with it, each was different. One of us – the expert-musicologist, the other – pure media consumption beginning in the relation to non-verbal “harmonic guns.”One, as the reader already knows, the favorite part of the repertoire of radio receiving during the war were broadcast ceremonial marches and marching songs. Another, who was born after the war, was never interested in this region’s musical heritage in the pre-draft years. When the trumpet recruiting office reminded him of duty and valor, he surprised himself with a rattle in his hand he found himself among the brass shine copper and brass buttonholes. tamburo grande”, The Old belt crossing negvardeysky torso from the groin to the left shoulder, hung from his tool, called in Italian”tamburo grande”, in Russian and a large drum. Bass drum imposed great responsibility. It’s not just the fact that this instrument dictates the tempo and rhythm of the orchestra, regiment, army, and indeed everyone who hears it. The point is just that, they hear it all. A runaway sound,”Kicks”, issued by the first trumpet player, irritated to hear the conductor, with malice – coming colleagues in the ranks, but not further notice no: all drown in the general jubilation moan or wind. Cannon hit the big drum, he grohnu wrong time, or – even worse – not grohnu time he will make distort anyone – from the Chief of Staff to the boy, sitting on the fence of a military unit. Art should be (or should be?) Understandable. Bass drum and impose considerable severity – in the left shoulder, chest and abdomen. With this weight it is necessary to stand for hours at the site, and most importantly – to walk, run – under the statute – all drill maneuvers, including a reversal of virtuosity”circle – march!”in motion, without interrupting the game. The burden of responsibility for unquestioning regular army turned out to be welded with the pulse inescapable pressure belt on the muscle, located not too far from the heart. Maybe that’s why the drummer in the heart forever etched marches or, as they used to say the military musicians themselves call”labuhami”-“march”, with the accent on the last syllable. After many years of observing the passage of the Vienna Military Band, a retired drummer Second Guards Perekopskaya, Order of Suvorov, the Order of the Red Banner of the second degree, artillery division enviously said that his Austrian counterpart on the big drum did not know the fate of their total cost. Its large drum stood on a cart drawn by a donkey little gray, and he was in no way weighed down, walked beside her with chic Viennese beat beater on stretched skin thundering main instrument military music. Art should be relaxed. It seeks and – rightly – to the freedom to purposeless expediency to serve himself. But sometimes life leads him to a service or to consumer services. So art becomes an application, and without such a domestic art life is unthinkable. Applied music serves us all the time – from the cradle to the grave, on holidays and on weekdays, in tears and joy. Earlier on this part of the claims against it, it seems, it was not. Now they have appeared, and we shall present here only one. XX Music of the XX century has not provided a new sound so emotionally significant moments of human life, as weddings, funerals, seeing the road, solemn meetings, parades and processions. We continue to conclude civil marriages under the march of Mendelssohn, written for the setting of Shakespeare’s tale. We are still under the parting”Farewell of Slav”, but where music, absorbed, saying verses Alexander Gitovich,”longing aerodrome when flight is not”? Military rites conservative, but then a lot of changes, new regulations, new forms, new rhythms and pace of ceremonies. However, the team meeting all sounds the same march that sounded two hundred years ago, in the Soviet period it was called “Meeting”, and once it was Preobrazhensky March. But the team is not big parade marches, or even riding a horse – he rides in the car. Counter march ready silenced any oversight of his feet, and commander of the break out again at any of its steps. From riding in a car it is functionally linked. Funeral March for the funeral procession. But we do not walk behind the hearse. We stand at the memorial service, then we go to the bus. At that time still sounds suffering Chopin, who once cut a third of the Second Piano Sonata, dragged her to the cemetery and issued a reproach rough wind instruments. They can not cope with this music, designed for fast fading sound of the piano, and they are heavily and hopelessly pulled her short sharp sounds. We emphasize: in all such circumstances sound marches. In the absence of new, we are pleased to submit their original shagistike imperative. Therefore, the tone of a military band is still familiar and live sound accompanying peace rituals and sorrow, and joy. Incidentally, in the funeral march: the big drum resigns from the post of commander in chief. He not only does not dictate their will to all here, but, on the contrary, he tries to behave like a modest and can be quieter. It is not out of politeness, but rather by its strangeness korobyaschego feeling of sadness at the feast. Soviet military musicians understood this as anybody. “Drag blinking”(playing at the funeral) – one of the essential duties of a brass band. “Blinking”at a time when one of us from time to time, as told to AK Zholkovsky,”dragged”them, divided into”bashlevyh”and”Chinese.”For the”Chinese”Zhmurov money is not paid: they pulled the line of duty. It is clear that for the lucrative”bashlevyh”Zhmurov, seeking to increase the quotient by reducing divider labuhi met the minimum composition. Nothing more, nothing even snare did not take, treated plates, that is, one drummer instead of three. On the”Chinese”is blinking large drum, with all its dubious relevance, yet dropped its triumphal MiGs. To be more precise, not so much drum as beater. Watching farewell and burial, the one who played the bass drum had to catch a climax of the rite being accomplished. In each case, this required a precise and rapid attainment of psychology of the audience and the scene address specific funeral. The simplest climaxes were certainly moments zakolachivaniya cover (then really hammered nails) or lowering the coffin into the grave, but they do not require psychological attention. crescendo Another thing – to catch the emotional crescendo in behavior to forgive and to guess, say whose it is the latter approach the coffin is the peak of the tragedy – the father-mother? widower widow? bride-groom? one person standing alone, which no one wants to look or, on the contrary, the one around which all the fuss? Anyway, taking a moment by the highest point, I played the bass drum winking to play on the trays, the flat turned one of his gleaming round plates and suspended stretched its owner unemployed bass drum. It was almost a moment of triumph. The owner, with his disdain down his bulky monster gently lifted mallet and apply it with a soft felt head light but swift blow, sliding on the surface of the copper plate. Emerging sound strikes the heart with an unknown force. For it was the likeness almost never sounded in those days the church bells strike, unthinkable in the midst of a purely secular and Soviet ceremony. Nowhere who took the bells ringing a few moments sailed over the godless and hopeless a treasury of the world. Cats with a mallet in his hand know what the effect will be impressive in all cases. But the triumph comes only at the exact recognizing climax. Then, in response to the sound-sent gift of tears gained its audience bursts into tears. Under these weeping lasted a funeral march, and the two exchanged a professional drummer smile succeeded! Beater of the big drum knocked tear. Art should be prudent. But no more selfish than the brass band”to squint”. However, the funeral march with their slow pace and fret minor – only black sheep in his flock cheerful bouncy relatives – triumphal march, parade, marching, and this counter-combatant. In Russia, there were many. Even Khrushchev, Tselinnoe time VP Soloviev-Gray wrote unmatched drill march for the movie”Soldier Ivan Brovkin”. One of us heard it the first time a military bus in Jerusalem in the autumn of 1973. No wonder the inspector of military bands of the Red Army Brigade Commander SA Chernetskii, author and now unchallenged in parades”Salyut Moscow”, used to say: “Good march to be heard in the company of the latest”. This brigade commander cupola dedicated to fun in the memoirs of Yuri Elagin “The Taming of the Arts”, which describes the fate of the march, penned in 1938 by two students of the Conservatory (one of them, and later became the author of the book). Marsh was sent to the All-Union competition under the motto “kick back”, but even these words of Stalin would not provide it, in my opinion, succeed without protection Chernetskii. With the personal patronage of the brigade commander, who headed the jury, student hack was the second after the march venerable Ivanov-Radkevich. Ways of art should be inscrutable. History marches dark and incomprehensible. It abounds paradoxical shifts and judgments. tres malfaites). Rousseau (note in passing – not only a philosopher and writer, but also a renowned composer at the time) did not favor, for example, the French marches, considering them “very bad”(tres malfaites). It is much higher valued his contemporary German marches, believing that they are much more spur morale. “Defender of the liberties and rights,”and in this case he was right not to finish, because of the French revolution should break out exactly how sharp Gallic rhythms gave rise to epidemic marches across Europe, and that they guided Ludwig van Beethoven. According to folk etymology, the word”march”as”March”of scientific etymology goes back to the name of the god of war in ancient Romans. Historically, however, the old Germanic root of it is the same as the word”label”, to celebrate, but the war and the revolution, in fact, have always been powerful catalysts for the genre. Dialectician find significant that not the March revolution of 1848, and the reaction to it inspired Johann Strauss father to create the famous opus, which now, unfortunately, most bands do not play the introductory fractional cycles, touching described at the end of the novel by Joseph Roth’s “March Radetzky “. The old Field Marshal Radetzky von Radets, destroyed the sedition in Italy, was a lover of Viennese waltzes, but complained once Strauss, under which the soldier walking difficult. Strauss wrote for it a march, under which the infantry and Chagall, and horses – to this day – prancing in Vienna renowned Spanish Riding School. XX By the eve of the XX century were so many marches and played them in the peaceful city gardens so often that above them began to laugh, even at funerals. Mahler put to shame the hypocrisy of grotesque funeral marches in the third part of the First Symphony (“Funeral March in the manner of Callot”). Stravinsky later ridiculed fanfaronadu triumphal marches in vyvorochennye and disgusting grimace “March of hell”from”Tales of runaway soldiers.”By the way, one of us thinks that music,”stripped-down”in”Master and Margarita”by Bulgakov, in response to an order Behemoth was an echo of acquaintance with the writer’s”March of hell”: affected by the evil forces of Muscovites wonder dumped into the clinic,”psychiatrist”Stravinsky . Western historians think of the genre”March of hell”culmination of caricatures of the parade marches. Western historians are wrong. They evidently do not know the”March of the Soviet Militia”Shostakovich. This sadly slotting (“beat, beat, beat”), dull trampling march in place for a long time seriously executed at the respective festivals. It is unlikely that he loved police authorities, but Shostakovich had already not subject to criticism, at least at the level of the Ministry of Interior. For”muddle instead of music,”he said, for a long time. That had to bite the bullet, play and listen to, and even broadcast on the radio, to the malevolent must have the pleasure of the author. Art should be able to avenge the insult. Laugh at the march, of course, it is easy, but the march of the march is easy and cry. There is in the Russian military march kind of music characteristic seems to be just for her. Anyway, listening to a large collection of records, we have not been able to find among the western marches one that could be called a march elegiac. Amateur easily distinguished by the emotional halo marches different armies. The Prussian – onslaught in the Austrian – rush in the US – sports enthusiasm. The British Grenadier”, XIX The Thin Red Line”, Soldiers of the Queen”, The best English marches – in the old”The British Grenadier”, and in the XIX century – in”The Thin Red Line”, related to the Crimean War, and “Soldiers of the Queen”, became famous during the Boer War – there not ostentatious confidence in victory. XVIII-XIX The Russian Guards marches XVIII-early XIX century – a noble boldness and brilliance court. Later the Russian marches, which partly makes them Hungarian breathe melancholy steppe removed. It roots elegiac march. To make sure that this is really an oxymoron, there is sufficient cause to see the name “Homesickness”and”Farewell of Slav.”Philologists know the meaning of longing and separation for the genre of elegy. Musicologist easily recognize in these marches Russian elegiac melody romance, bite hard quadrangular frame marching rhythm, spurred marching tempo and equipped with shock-inventory brass military band. Elegiac March – a kind of travesty. SHE – lyrical melody sung soulful voice with guitar – appears here as OH – combative and powerful march, whose rhythm minted shot volleys of small and large drums. Significantly feminine in the names of such marches – longing homeland, Slavyanka. Denominators and the masculine names of their indispensable soloists – cornet, baritone, trombone. The examples are not far to seek. At the time of the Civil War, a cruel lady romance”White acacia clusters fragrant”with astonishing ease the march turned into a battle with the refrain”Do not hesitate, we will go into battle.””For Holy Russia”- sung in the white ranks,”the power of the Soviets”- sung in the red, but both failed marched under the same melody. By the way, in Germany sentimental hit”Lili Marleen”, the singer who enjoyed sympathy Goebbels suddenly became soldiers march (but, unlike Russian elegiac marches, he remained entirely majeure). In the summer of 1942, he was a radio broadcast of the German Afrika Korps, and he immediately became the darling of the British troops, who fought with the Germans. Later it became known melody in the USSR and in the United States took a picture where the canary, who performed hits, provided a staunch anti-fascist. Art should be indifferent to the color of the flag of the fortress. So I consider not colorblind Shklovsky. Marsh Vasily Agapkina”Farewell of Slav”came in 1912 against the backdrop of the First Balkan War, when the Slavs had not yet quarreled with each other. Six years later, he – already without the Pan-Slavic ambitions – has become something of a musical banner of the White Army, and Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council Narkomvoenmor Trotsky forbade Red Army orchestra plays it. Later annulled the creator of the Red Army, but not the ban. The ban has acted November 7, 1941, when he conducted Agapkin desperate Named blizzard and later overgrown with legends like icicles, the parade on Red Square. Now it is difficult to determine when and who is permitted to play the march again. One of us did not remember that between 1941 and 1953 in the Soviet Union he was aware”Farewell of Slav”as he did not know at that time, and loved the march Trotsky’s”Red Army, march forward! Revolutionary Military Council in a campaign calling”(except the lines of the taiga and British seas). He first heard of”Farewell of Slav”Only in 1960 the White Cossacks from Harbin, the bartender who served the Chinese restaurant”Mandarin”in Jerusalem. C Former semenovets sang it to the words:”With the solemn ringing of bells, / C head held high, / In Russian battalions will, / And the trumpeter we play lights out.”Not the same whether the best trumpeter removes sharp elbow in the famous song Okudzhava? This song is sung in thawed and re-remembered”Farewell of Slav”Moscow 1964, when he died peacefully VI Agapkin once were buried with their orchestras and Lenin, and Stalin. Art should be able to survive, and their creators, and their overseers. Sad courage elegiac march happily grasped Agapkin, spawned during the civil war and in the postwar decade countless genre reproductions.”Drozdovsky March”(in red -“In the valleys and on the hills”),”We – the red cavalry”,”Ordered him to the West”- and many more appeared such marches and marching songs with their dashing moaning, touching vows and courageous forays with his sword unsheathed and sobbing. Pokrass brothers – only two of those added to the alloy lyrical melody of the Russian romance with the rhythm of drill step further and drop of the tincture of klezmer, about which Chekhov said that she was very cheerful music manages to turn into something pitiful. Above one of the composers later laughed author of”Granada”and”Kakhovka”, who knew a lot about Jewish folk music:”Even the”Idle mit and the Fiddle”/ He issued for a march marching.”Later Soviet elegiac march usually appears in connection with the subject of the Civil War. Exceptions were observed more often in the movies, where the march moved from the more familiar to him before the opera. Isaac Dunaevsky wrote a very unusual variant of elegiac march for the film”Circus”based tune, though not in Russian”A Cruel Romance”, and no less brutal Hawaiian tango. Much later in the movie “The Belarusian Station”- not without the help of the workshop of Alfred Schnittke – march turned into an elegiac song Okudzhava not originally destined for either the brass band nor to participate in parades. In the film”Station for Two”and”Cruel Romance”Andrei Petrov gave the charming styling elegiac march, showering their glistening, but almost weightless Glitter parody of what readers of us have long been aware of the book”Simple Truth”. But perhaps the most recent and significant experience in this genre – is the “Day of Victory”David Tukhmanov, dainty dish of expertly baked products for a long time, but in conscience, canned. Flavored latest sinkopicheskimi spices, it is time already to the secretary general of the table nostalgic anniversary Marshal, deeply moved commemorate his young major-political instructor. Of course, it is coveted all – from Moscow to most suburbs, where they could not imagine what else was lined with this table. Art should be the one thing needful. Maybe the secret charm elegiac march in the fact that, unlike his other colleagues on the genre, he never has a treasury of taste. Recent attempts to entrust the”Farewell of Slav”role of the national anthem were doomed. And not because the Tambov already started producing vodka under the same name. Just this a truly national music too concerned about the private grief and courage of man and citizen, to take more responsibility for the gravity of bulky honor of the state. If possible, select, state authorities prefer triumphal march, but simply people – march elegiac. One of our youth had the opportunity to see this on your own drum skin, even once punched a mallet percussion instrument. In the town of Pushkin, thirty years ago, there is something reminiscent of the Tsarskoye Selo in Mandelstam description. Often thundering rumble of good health and Odnodum generals still whiled away their days reading, though not”Niva”and Dumas and”Spark”and Pikul. The city had a lot of military units, and hence the bands. But only two of them were ordered to deal with the holidays music services to the population of Pushkin – on the other solemn days were involved in the Leningrad. Accordingly, the two military bandmaster was known around the small town. They vied for the favor of the inhabitants of Pushkin’s smile and obyvatelnits, and sympathy for the street urchins – the main military music enthusiasts. The first conductor – Colonel S. – led powerful and generously funded by the Higher Military School Orchestra. Second – Guard Ensign (until 1972 foreman) Jan Arturovich Bicske – conducted a small orchestra cropped supernumerary (“castrated”as wits corrected Guards) Division. Such a division of the state to have the orchestra was not supposed to, but the commander really like, because the orchestra concurrently served as the commandant’s platoon. Art should not despise the needs of low-life. At least, so, apparently, considered the division commander. S. graduated from the Institute of Military conductors in Moscow. Ian Arturovich seem to have time in his youth to learn to play the trumpet in some provincial College of Music in his native Latvia. Military Conductor S. was an army bourbon without marked deviations from the type specimen. The platoon commander curfew Bicske unique and explosive mixed hardly compatible quality. It was stiff and strength of the army sergeant. Like his was cool, quick time – a solid, commanding bass – zychen, the use of foul language – art and appropriate, the ability to drink without getting drunk – jealous. Savvy and resourceful nesuetlivy Baltic farmer, through which a freelance orchestra had everything that was supposed to staffing, and even beyond that, combined it with the bearing and dignity Guards officer. He never became an officer, but he wore his uniform! I declined as a high back, kissing a lady’s hand! but tended to head to the general’s fur cap! It is not petty, and it was his respect for the individual. Outside the building he called his soldiers not only as by name, frowned angrily when he heard in response to a statutory”Comrade warrant officer”; It has not been the case and that he refused to help even those who disliked. And absolutely non-combatant was his thirst for culture. He avidly read what the army and no one heard, turning the clock records with classical music, as if chasing something that stole the life from him too far. In short, any type specimen – an army or a civilian – not completely match, which made communication with him easy, but for those who got on with him, always attractive. Colonel S. of course, turned to the ensign -“Bicske you.”And in answer heard, according to the statute,”Comrade Colonel.”The main difference between them was different. Ensign Bicske was a musician by the grace of God. Colonel S. was a graduate of mediocrity. Approaching the first of May. Both orchestras had to”pull an elephant”of Pushkin and Pavlovsk, there are a few hours to go ahead of a demonstration of workers cheering and playing marches. Music should not grow silent for a minute and play for hours without interruption military bands can not: brass musicians pants, hands numb from the shock troops. Therefore, these”elephants”bands play at a time. At first glance, it is mutual. In fact – a duel. It is the pair”elephants”orchestras struggling show off to each other and fight for preferential attention to walking around the audience. A week before the festival orchestra divisional military intelligence reported that the school orchestra rehearsing from morning to night and is preparing a new corona number. Colonel S. transformed the three-part song Seraphim Tulikov”Lenin is always alive”in a marching march, which, as you know, is supposed to be bilobate as a person only two legs and he rearranges them, usually alternately. Over rhythmic difficulties arising Colonel S. worked hard with his staff, that is well-paid and nothing is no longer occupied labuhami. Abnormal Orchestra cast down. Rehearsals, he almost was not: the orchestra – the commandant’s platoon of soldiers – drove the endless cleaning before the holidays. The repertoire has not been updated for a long time, and surprise music lovers Pushkin – tsarskoselov demanding – there was nothing. Bicske went grim. Four days before the holidays, he disappeared. There were vague rumors that he was sitting in the library of the military band service LVO, but what would he do there – remained unclear. It was the day before the”elephant”unusually lively, immediately ordered a rehearsal and gave away packs unknown notes. Labuhi gazed in bewilderment at why some of its yellow pages”rations,”as they called the orchestral parts. Play on the big drum in particular to look into the needs of the note was not (his”allowance”in all the marches was about the same), but because he had noticed that the chronology publications newfound marches covers the period from 1902 to 1914. Rehearsal is not long delayed. Marches were strangers, but very light, remembered the first play and sounded nice. The next day, the outcome of the duel was a foregone conclusion after the first exchange of shots. When, in response to the”Invincible and Legendary”uchilishchnogo orchestra divisional band struck up a march of some”Cossack”, everything has become clear. In a few replicas of military-orchestral dialogue situation is finally determined. Promenading crowd dissipated as soon as the sign to join filed Colonel S. and rushed to the orchestra, once in the air flew the white ensign glove Bicske. Nobody wanted to listen zamylit ear marches from the repertoire of Colonel S. but with Fading and enthusiastically listened opus countless predecessors and imitators Agapkina. For the vast majority of these were the elegiac marches from which to romance or tango – hand. Catchy ear and heart sounds,”Russian military weeping pipes”overshadowed hateful spell”Lenin is always with you”, which did not help the operation to remove a third share. The audience responded to each old march unfeigned applause, but when a freelance orchestra gave way to their regular counterparts, it is in its ranks rushed fans, treating musicians cigarettes or ice cream, only those soldiers flirting girls only near them fled flocks of boys and patsanyata, waiting for the next flapping his arms and explosive new chord. And the lower lowered its already dismal nose Colonel S. rising above the head, the wider straightens his shoulders (from the left elegantly hung just rehabilitated aiguillette), the victorious stood every step and gesture Jan Arturovich Bicske. It was clear who the best conductor of the military town of Pushkin. Peace to his ashes. He died fleeting, barely having time to retire, and over his grave after the anthem of the Soviet Union, the compulsory funeral soldier, the orchestra suddenly erupted manly tears “Farewell of Slav.”As it turned out, this blatant out of mourning-repertoire system was made at the request of a widowed beautiful Russian woman, you know, like her late husband that we must give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and the human – human. Art must respond to human requests. Sometimes the human requests and performs the science of art – for example, when asked to comment on the text of the philologist popular writers or directors advise. There are literary works, which are very important references to the music. Bulgakov’s novels and plays can be truly called a melodramatic because the emotional climax of them always says the music: the waltz, the overture, the desperate march”Double Eagle”, the marching song”How now sbiraetsya prophetic Oleg”. The five-volume Bulgakov (Wiley, 1990), the march “Double Eagle”no notes, but what about the song of Oleg the Wise said only,”appeared during the First World War.”Lecturing about Bulgakov at Yale University in 1970, one of us applied for a certificate of”double-headed eagle,”the former officer in the army Yudenich, lover and connoisseur of Russian marches. But he said:”There is no such march.”In fact, however, there is such a march. It’s called”Under the double eagle”, only the eagle, as it turned out, not a Russian and an Austrian. This March, composed by Franz Josef Wagner, general conductor of the imperial and royal army was before that war is very popular in the Russian army. It is interesting that tune”Song of Wise Oleg”is beginning to sing a little Austrian march”Kartner Liedermarsch”, which in Russia is likely to have brought Austrian prisoners. Eighteen years later, in the same university the same lecturer illustrated his observation records of the marches on the records from his collection. This first collection of military music he soon had to give up as a young beauty, with whom he was in love, put it in front of a choice: either marches or her. On it was the reason. She would not tolerate military music, and he turns out for all holiday and even just drinking and eating, loved to include the full power of the Transfiguration of the march, or, at worst, “Battle of Liaoyang.”Lawless Heart. The love of art should not be a hindrance love. Plates with marches were given away by Yale students, some of whom are now for a long time professor. But a secret passion for the march remained, and the collection slowly gathered again – cassettes and CDs in an era of players and headphones. As such, it is no longer troubled by the lady of the heart, and marches back to fulfill their original application function. Art should help to survive. We’re both sociable by nature gay people, but by the power of things know the taste of melancholy. This makes each of us every day begin the task in the decision which we continue to rely on the help of art. There is a Latin phrase, known to doctors and Alexander Blok: dolor ingens ante lucem. The Great Tribulation before dawn. We both know this is good clinical symptom. One of us (his example – the science of another) for a rule set himself: to go in any weather before dawn hour walk marched. In the ears with the inherent fact that one novel Strugatsky brothers called”Funk”, that is, tiny earphones. From the choice of music in the player depends on the entire future day. Here it is necessary to grasp what the soul asks – the overture to “The Queen of Spades”Suppe, a Prussian march”old comrades”, “Washington post”or, in the circumstances,”Adieu, mein kleiner Gardeoffizier”. An hour later, coming ready to face up to the day of trouble: Original text Contribute a better translation
Omri KatzOmri Katz
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