Lee Kuan Yew

Submitted by on Sep 15, 2015

Lee Kuan Yew.

Lee Kuan Yew (Eng. Lee Kuan Yew, or Lee Kwan-Yew ; edge. trad. 李光耀. kant.-rus . Lei Kuoniu . pinyin: Lǐ Guāngyào . Pall. Lee guangyang district ; September 16, 1923, Singapore – March 23, 2015, Singapore) – Singapore National politician, first Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (1959-1990), one of the founders of Singapore “economic miracle».

Content

  • Biography
    • Life
  • Political Views
  • See. and
  • Bibliography
    • in English
    • The translation into Russian
  • Notes
  • Links

Lee Kuan Yew was born September 16, 1923 in Singapore, in a middle class family of Chinese ethnic Hakka, his great-grandfather emigrated to the island in the middle of the XIX century. Education Lee Kuan Yew took place under strong British influence, as Singapore is a former British colony, and his grandfather called him Harry Lee – under this name he was known in his youth. Primary education, Lee Kuan Yew was Singapore in elementary school «Telok Kurau», which defined the status of education in his memoirs as “not brilliant”and”the poor».

After graduating in 1945 “Raffles College”in Singapore (now – the National University of Singapore), Lee Kuan Yew went to Britain, where he studied first at the London School of Economics, and then at Cambridge University, where he received two”red” diploma – on the right and on the economy.

In 1949, he returned to his homeland. In 1950 he began working in the legal profession in the “Middle Temple” (London), then practiced law in Singapore in the company «Laycock and Ong», where he worked as legal advisor of a number of trade unions.

In 1954, he founded the right-Socialist ‘People’s Action Party (PAP), “in which he held the position of Secretary General in 1959 brought her to power.

From 1959 to 1990 he held the post of Prime Minister of Singapore. In 1990-2004 he was a senior minister in the government Goh Chok Tong. In 2004-2011 he held the post of Minister Mentor (mentor) in the government of his son Lee Hsien Loong.

Lee Kuan Yew became one of the founders of Singapore “economic miracle.”Under his leadership, Singapore from a poor economically backward country”third world” has turned into one of the richest countries in the world by GDP per capita (see. Modernization of Singapore under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew).

Since 2005 was an honorary doctor of MGIMO, 2014 – Honorary Doctor of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

He was a member of the International Advisory Board of the Moscow School of Management “Skolkovo».

November 7, 2009 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev, Lee Kuan Yew was awarded the Order of Friendship “for his great contribution to the development of Russian-Singapore relations.”Lee Kuan Yew Award presented personally Dmitry Medvedev during his visit to Singapore November 15, 2009. The solemn ceremony was held in the palace”Istana Kampong Glam».

September 10, 2013 by the Decree of the Russian President Vladimir Putin’s Lee Kuan Yew was awarded the Order of Honor “for his great contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation with the Russian Federation, the development of scientific and cultural ties.” The award was presented to 90-year-old statesman Lee Kuan Yew Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Singapore, Leonid Moiseyev January 7, 2014.

Lee Kuan Yew spoke English, Malay and Chinese, Japanese fundamentals.

In March 1996, Lee Kuan Yew had surgery on the heart.

February 5, 2015 91-year-old Lee Kuan Yew was placed in the hospital with severe pneumonia and is connected to a medical ventilator. March 18-22, his state of health was assessed as critical. March 23, 2015 at 03:18 Singapore time on the 92-year life of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s premier, died in the hospital ( English. ). In connection with the death of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced a seven-day national mourning, which lasted from 23 to 29 March 2015. The funeral took place on March 29th, 2015 at 14:00 local time (09:00 MSK).

Life

Lee Kuan Yew was married to Kwa Geok Choo (1920-2010), whom he met while studying in Singapore “Raffles College.” The family had three children – two sons and a daughter (Lee Hsien Loong, Lee Wei Ling and Lee Hsien Yang).

Political Views

Lee Kuan YewLee Kuan Yew
Lee Kuan YewLee Kuan Yew
Lee Kuan YewLee Kuan Yew

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