Jane Goodall

Submitted by on Sep 5, 2015

Jane Goodall.

Lady Valerie Jane Morris Goodall (Eng. Dame Valerie Jane Morris Goodall ; b. April 3, 1934, London) – Ambassador of Peace United Nations, primatologist, ethologist and anthropologist Great Britain. Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

It is widely known for its more than 45-year study of the social life of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park in Tanzania Stream and as the founder of the Jane Goodall Institute International.

Content

  • Biography
  • Awards
  • Life
  • Books
    • Children’s Books
  • Movies
  • Jane Goodall in the media
  • Notes
  • References
  • See. and
  • Links

Jane Goodall was born in London in 1934. When she was a child, my father gave her a toy chimpanzee. Toy awakened her interest in chimpanzees, and the monkey is still inseparable from it. After his parents divorced 12-year-old Jane moved with his mother in Bournemouth.

At the end of high school, she attended courses secretaries, worked as a waitress, but in 1957 at the invitation of former classmate decided to realize his dream to visit Africa and went to work in Kenya. The National Museum of Kenya, she found the place and the assistant secretary director of the museum, the famous anthropologist Louis Leakey. Soon, he invited her to accompany him and his wife Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge in excavations in East Africa. Leakey also asked her to study chimpanzees in Gombe National Park Stream in Tanzania, it is hoped that on the basis of these observations, it will be possible to draw conclusions about the life of primitive people. Jane arrived in Tanzania with his mother in July 1960 and began active research work.

Although Jane did not study at the university and did not even have a bachelor’s degree, however, because of its unusual importance of research, and specifically obtain a permit, she was admitted to the from seeking a doctorate in ethology in college Darwin at Cambridge University in 1962 and successfully defended doctorate in 1964. Together with the Dian Fossey, known for its life among the gorillas, Birute Galdikas, and that studied orangutans, it is one of the three researcher, began in the early 60s long study of apes. In the scientific world they are also called “Faces of Angels».

lot of knowledge about the world owes chimpanzees Jane Goodall. She first discovered that chimpanzees use primitive tools: the branches that they extract termites from the mounds and hollows of honey, and the stones, which they use instead of a hammer and anvil to smash nuts. In his observations of chimpanzees Jane led the first documented examples of what a wild animal does not simply use the object as a weapon, but it does change according to their needs, thus demonstrating the beginnings of toolmaking. While many animals use tools, but humanoid made them, and this feature is considered to be the main difference from other nonhuman animals.

In the future, she noticed that chimpanzees also eat the meat of other animals, go hunting together and are interconnected war. It has proved difficult, and “public relations” in monkeys.

Goodall was the first researcher that gave the test animal names instead of numbers. In academic circles, this practice is condemned, as it was believed that the emotional factor leads to the loss of the objectivity of the study. However, Jane’s example was followed by many scientists. Among chimpanzees, Jane may be called David, first approach for; Goliath, David’s friend, the former leader of the pack; Mike, the leader of the pack; old “aunt” Gigi; Mr. McGregor and elderly mamma Flo with her children.

In 1977, Goodall established the Jane Goodall Institute ( Jane Goodall Institute, JGI ), to support the Gombe Reserve. The institute has 19 offices around the world. Goodall is the protector of chimpanzees and their habitats around the world, traveling 300 days a year. Jane Goodall Institute is widely known in the world for the development of innovative programs aimed at ensuring the protection of natural resources and development in Africa. Goodall continues to assist the United Nations to draw attention to environmental issues, for example, as part of its work on the UNEP / UNESCO Great Apes Survival. The project promotes the coordination of international efforts for the salvation of the primate species on the verge of extinction.

Goodall is also a member of the board of the largest reserve of chimpanzees outside Africa, located in Florida, as well as the former president of the organization “Defenders of animal rights» ( Advocates for Animals ), based in Edinburgh, Scotland, and protests against the use of animals in medical experiments, zoos, sports and livestock.

In 1991, Goodall established the children’s organization «Roots & amp; Shoots », is now working in 100 countries. This international program for children is implementing projects to assist people and animals and the environment.

In April 2002, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed UN peace ambassador Goodall.

In May 2008, she went to the Nobel Committee with the initiative for the establishment of the Nobel Prize for alternative methods to experiments on animals.

7 July 2007 Goodall presented the international festival «Live Earth».

During his public work for the protection of animals and the environment, Jane has received numerous awards. Among them

  • 1990: The Kyoto Prize – a prestigious award in Japan
  • 1995: The Commander of the British Empire, awarded by Queen Elizabeth II.

Hubbard Medal for outstanding research National Geographic Society

  • 1996: Silver medal of Zoological Society of London; Medal Kalimandzharo Tanzania
  • 1997: Tylor Award for achievements in the field of environmental protection
  • 1999: The International Peace Prize
  • 2001: Gandhi Award for the renunciation of the use of violent methods
  • 2002: The Prize Konrad Lorenz
  • 2003 Benjamin Franklin Medal for the development of Life Sciences; Prince of Asturias Award for his achievements in the field of science and technology
  • 2004: Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, awarded by Prince Charles at Buckingham Palace
  • 2006: Officer of the Order of the Legion of Honor of France.
  • Life

    Goodall has been married twice. March 28, 1964 she married a Dutch photographer-animal painter of aristocratic origin, Baron Hugo van Lavika, becoming Baroness Jane Goodall-Lavika background. In 1968, Goodall helped her husband in his work in the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, where he was shooting the predators. The result of these studies was the book “The innocent murderer”. From this marriage it has a son. In 1974 the couple divorced.

    In 1975, Jane remarried Director of National Parks and Member of Parliament of Tanzania. In 1980, he passed away.

    Jane and her younger sister Judy sick prosopagnosia – the inability to recognize faces of people.

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