The history of the group Jethro Tull
Jethro Tull – a British rock band formed in Blackpool, Lancashire, England, in December 1967. The band’s music is characterized by the vocals, acoustic guitar, flute Ian Anderson (Ian Anderson). the unchallenged leader of the group, as well as the execution of Martin Barr guitar (Martin Barre). who is a member of the group since 1969. Last replaced original guitarist – Micah Abrams (Mick Abrahams). The earlier work group belongs to the genre of blues-rock, but later became the band’s sound is introduced elements of classical music, folk, jazz, hard rock and art rock. During his more than forty-year history of the band Jethro Tull has sold over 60 million albums worldwide.
Ian Anderson founded his first band – the Blades – Blackpool in 1962. By 1964 th group evolved into an ensemble of seven, performing in the genre of «blue-eyed soul» and is known as «the John Evan Band». In 1967, the band moved to London, where, because of problems finding concert organizers often changed name. Often the band name became the name of one of the agents, and one group is named after one of them – Jethro Tull (Jethro Tull); it, in turn, was named as parents after the English agricultural technician and inventor of the eighteenth century. The name stuck, as speaking for him, the group first attracted the attention of a producer. He invited them to repeat the performance, and the group soon, under the new name, has signed a thriving agency «Ellis-Wright». The agency will soon grow into a giant music industry – the label Chrysalis. The group Jethro Tull became the third team of the ward. It is noteworthy that the first single group – «Sunshine Day» – came via UK MGM, where he incorrectly called «Jethro Toe». Now this release, it is due to an error in the title, it is a godsend for collectors.
In December 1968, the group look for a new guitarist, who soon became Martin Barre (Martin Barre). On his first audition, he could barely keep his hands the guitar because of the excitement, and the second – at all forgot to bring the amplifier and guitar cable. However, he was accepted into the group. The band in 1969, admitted his hit album Stand Up. became the only album the group reached the top spot of the British album charts.
In December 1970, bassist Glenn Cornick (Glenn Cornick) «left» of Jethro Tull; initiated care became the band’s manager Terry Ellis (Terry Ellis), explain it suspended from Cornick other group members. The renovated part of Jethro Tull in 1971 wrote his most famous work – the album Aqualung. Because of the inability to spend enough time with my family due to a busy schedule of touring, drummer Clive Bunker (Clive Bunker) in 1971, left the band. He was replaced Berimorom Barlow (Barriemore Barlow). On tour in 1975, David Palmer (David Palmer), long-time arranger of the orchestra, officially became a member of Jethro Tull as a keyboardist. However, this change in the composition of the group is not limited to – bassist Jeffrey Hammond (Jeffrey Hammond) also left the band to focus on the fine arts. New bassist John Glascock County began (John Glascock), who was previously a member of the flamenco-rock band Carmen. The group performed the opening act for Jethro Tull in the previous round.
In the early seventies Jethro Tull turned into one of the most active concert bands. On the band’s performance differed short instrumental interludes. Although in terms of theatrical performances earlier work Jethro Tull limited appearance on stage with lush Anderson haircut, a long beard and tattered clothes, the group soon developed its own style of the stage; each member of the acquired own recognizable appearance and stage persona. In addition, the group has used the scenery – during one of the concerts in 1982, the stage was transformed into a Viking ship.
In the late seventies Jethro Tull released three folk-rock album: Songs from the Wood (1977), Heavy Horses (1978), and Stormwatch (1979). Album Songs from the Wood was the first to get the most positive reviews since the release of Living in the Past. This period is considered to be the end of the era of classic Jethro Tull, since bassist John Glascock County after open-heart surgery a year ago, has died at his home from complications after surgery. Anderson finished the party started bass Glascock County, and the place of bassist Jethro Tull took the party to Fairport Convention Dave Pegg (Dave Pegg).
The first album of the band in the eighties – «A» was originally planned as a solo project of frontman Anderson. However, following pressure from the record label Chrysalis, who wanted to cope with lower sales, Anderson decided to attribute album Jethro Tull. The name «A» was taken from the marks on the records – the letter “A”stands for”Anderson”. The album August 29, 1980. The album was innovative in many ways; part of these innovations was the fact that the band shot a music film in the London club Hammersmith Odeon (featured in the film exterior famous London institution).
In 1984, the band released the album Jethro Tull Under Wraps. rich electronic sound with a drum machine instead of a drummer. Members of the group were satisfied with the sound, but the album was not well perceived, especially in North America. Because of problems with the throat Anderson no longer had the same vocal abilities, which was one of the reasons why three-year break, take the group after the release of this album. Keyboardist John Vetess Peter (Peter-John Vetesse) left the band after the tour to support the album, due to the negative reaction of critics to the album. Jethro Tull came back after the break with the album Crest of a Knave. which was released in 1987.
In 1988, the band won a Grammy for Best Hard Rock / Metal Performance, beating record. And Justice for All group Metallica. Awarding of the group Jethro Tull was very controversial and caused much controversy, because many do not consider them a hard rock band, even more so – the representatives of the genre of heavy metal. On the advice of one of the managers said that the group does not have n chance to win one of the staff did not attend the awards ceremony.
In 1995, Anderson released his second solo album – Divinities: Twelve Dances with God, an instrumental work includes twelve songs, rich sound of the flute. In 2001, Anderson made a series of joint appearances with Abrams, Cornick and Bunker. These meetings are the first joint work of members of the classical composition of the group since 1968.
In 2006 he released a double DVD box set «Collectors’ Edition», containing DVD-releases «Nothing Is Easy» and «Living with the Past». Bassist Jonathan Noyce (Jonathan Noyce) in March of that year left the band. In July 2006, the left and Giddings, explaining Care desire to spend more time with his family. Musicians have been replaced respectively by David Gude (David Goodier) and John O’Hara (John O’Hara).
The group Jethro Tull and sitarist Anoushka Shankar (Anoushka Shankar) postponed a joint concert in Mumbai, scheduled for November 29, 2008 due to a series of terrorist attacks of November, shook the city, country and the whole world. Speech held December 5, 2008 at the concert A Billion Hands Concert («Concert billion hands”), in memory of the victims of the terrorist attacks in Mumbai.
In February 2010, the group was awarded the Heritage Award of the British Association of Composers and Authors. On the building of the Catholic Church in Blackpool was a memorial plaque in memory of the first concert of the band. In 2011, during the tour Aqualung 40th, frontman Ian Anderson announced plans to record a new album in the fall / winter of the same year. A potential release date was named in spring 2012. This album was supposed to be their first studio album in 12 years. Last album consisting entirely of new material, the album was a J-Tull Dot Com. released in the 1999th.
January 30, 2012 Anderson announced on the official website of the group Jethro Tull, that the album «Thick As a Brick 2: Whatever Happened To Gerald Bostock?», – continued «Thick As a Brick». scheduled for April 2, 2012 It is noteworthy that this album was listed as Anderson’s solo album. and not the group Jethro Tull. Anderson also had planned to spend half the year on tour in support of the new album.