Bill Gates

Submitted by on Sep 21, 2015

Bill Gates

If on this occasion there is no law, it will be.

Bill Gates.

P growth guy Bill Gates (Bill Gates), or William Henry Gates III (William Gates III) (full name), – the richest man in the world, the computer magnate, founder and owner of Microsoft Corporation (Microsoft). Born October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington, USA in the family of the corporate lawyer William Henry Gates II and a member of the board of directors of First Interstate Bank, Pacific Northwest Bell and the National Council of United Way, Mary Maxwell Gates.

M olodoy Bill Gates biography is one birth, of course, is not the end :), received his primary education in public elementary school, and at age 12 he was transferred into the charter schools in Seattle, where he was able to develop their programming skills on the school minicomputer. Gates did not do well in grammar, civics and other subjects, which he considered trivial, but received the highest marks in mathematics. This modest, even shy, and slightly awkward child dreamed of becoming a professor of mathematics and was not at all like his father – a high handsome and successful lawyer. So, in spite of the unique abilities in mathematics and logic, Bill Gates did not show leadership skills inherent to his parents.

At the same a year later, Bill created the first computer program. It was a time computer giant, which occupied the entire volume of the room and were “subject to” the mind only scientific men in white coats the labs. In college, Bill Gates organized a company Traf-O-Data, which worked classmates future mogul. They developed computer programs for local authorities, expected timetables of public transport. He was 15 years old when he wrote a program to regulate traffic and earned the project $ 20 000. And at 17, he received an offer in writing a software package for energy distribution Bonneville Dam.

In 1973, following the family tradition, Gates entered the first year at Harvard University, intending to become a lawyer like his father. But he was still the same closed and unsociable, it is absolutely not appropriate for the profession. At Harvard, he lived on the same floor with the Steve Ballmer (Steve Ballmer). friends with whom and who heads Microsoft now.

In December 1974, Bill Gates saw a computer for $ 397, which, according to his friend Paul Allen, could collect any. The only thing missing car was software. Bill Gates and Paul Allen have contacted representatives of firm MITS, having offered them the software (version BASIC) for their computer Altair 8800. This variant gave managers who offered to young people to work on the writing of programming languages. The couple moved to New Mexico, where he began the history Micro-soft (a dash they removed later).

T vёrdo sure that the personal computer would be a valuable tool on every workplace and in every home, they began developing software for personal computers. Foresight Bill Gates on the development of the personal computer has become a key factor in the success of Microsoft and the software industry as a whole (in 1986, Microsoft has been transformed into open joint stock company, and in the same year, Bill Gates became a billionaire when he was 31).

P ervye five Microsoft customers have gone bankrupt, but the guys did not give up and in 1979 returned to Seattle. In the same year, Bill Gates was expelled from the university for academic failure and truancy. But this fact is not very frustrated would-be student, since he received an offer from IBM to create operating system for the world’s first personal computer.

T hen Bill Gates bought the system QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) for $ 50,000, changed the name to MS-DOS and sold license IBM. The money will allow Microsoft to work for a few years. Presentation of the new IBM software, Microsoft has created a sensation in the market. Many companies have started to contact Microsoft for the license.

The application ypustiv Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel . the company even more entrenched in the global market. Thanks to Corbis, which went down in of Microsoft, Bill Gates got a huge photo-card file Bettmana and other photographers. Photos were used for dispatch in electronic form.

N and the next year, Microsoft introduced on the market the first version of Windows. And already in 1993 the total volume of sales of Windows per month exceeded one million. In 1995, there was Windows 95 and for two weeks had sold seven million copies.

P rogrammnoe Microsoft software has become so widely used that the company came to the attention of the American Anti-Monopoly Committee, which tried several times to initiate the case on compulsory crushing the monopoly of Bill Gates.

P ROBLEM US antitrust committee re-emerged in 1999, when the district court recognized the monopoly of Microsoft Corporation. In April 2000, the US Justice Department has proposed to split Microsoft in two separate corporations: one will deal with Microsoft Office and Internet Explorer, while the other – only Windows (by the way, the operating system used by more than 85% of the computers in the world). Bill Gates’s objections are based on the fact that it is technically impossible to separate Windows from other applications Microsoft. Says Bill Gates, we call for the most just court – the court of history.

In 1995, Microsoft has been the policy changed radically – the main stress is put on the Internet. In that same 1995, Bill Gates wrote a book “The Road Ahead” (eng. «The Road Ahead»), in which he outlined his views on the direction in which society is moving in relation to the development of information technology. In 1996, when Microsoft has been refocused on Internet technology, Gates has made significant adjustments to the book. The book was co-written with Nathan Myhrvold (Nathan Myhrvold), Vice-President of Microsoft, and journalist Peter Raynarsonom (Peter Rinearson).

January 1, 1994, Bill Gates married Melinda French. Manager Microsoft, with whom he had three children – a daughter, Jennifer Katharine in 1996, the son of Rory John in 1999 and another daughter Phoebe Adele. It is interesting that under the terms of the marriage contract, Bill Gates agrees to pay $ 10 million. In each of their joint child.

With the advent of the family, Bill Gates began to pay more attention to charity. One billion dollars has been invested in scholarships that Microsoft gives talented but needy students (Gates Millennium Scholarship Program), $ 750,000 Bill Gates has invested in the development program of vaccination (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization). In 1994, Gates acquired Codex Leicester – a collection of works by Leonardo da Vinci. Since 2003, it has demonstrated in the Seattle Art Museum.

With elastic Bill and Melinda Gates founded a charitable foundation and made him more than $ 17 billion to support philanthropic initiatives in the areas of health and education. To date, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) gave more than $ 300 million to organizations working in the field of health care, more than $ 300 million – to improve the educational process, including the development of initiatives in the field of librarianship (Gates Library Initiative) that will allow the population of the United States and Canada, low-income work with personal computers and the Internet in public libraries. More than $ 54 million was directed to community projects in the north-west coast of the Pacific, and more than $ 29 million – on other special projects in the annual charity campaign.

In 1999, Bill Gates wrote a book “Business @ the Speed ​​of Thought» (Business @ the Speed ​​of Thought), which shows how information technology can solve business problems in an entirely new way. This book, created in collaboration with Collins Hemingway (Collins Hemingway), has been released in 25 languages ​​and sold in more than 60 countries. “Business @ the Speed ​​of Thought” has received critical acclaim and was included in the bestseller list New York Times, USA Today, Wall Street Journal and the Web server

P omimo hobbies computer technology, Gates is also developing previously mentioned company Corbis, which is developing the largest source of visual information in the world – a comprehensive digital archive of art and photography from public and private collections in different countries.

1 December 4, 2004, Bill Gates went to the council Berkshire Hathaway, thus formalizing its relationship with Warren Buffett. Berkshire Hathaway – a conglomerate that includes Geico (automobile insurance), Benjamin Moore (paint) and Fruit of the Loom (textiles). Gates serves on the board of directors of Icos, biotechnological company Bothell. Bill Gates also has invested in the company Teledesic, which is working on an ambitious project to launch a low orbit around the earth several hundreds of satellites. The purpose of these satellites – to provide global bilateral broadband telecommunications.

March 2, 2005 the office of Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom announced that Gates will receive the title of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his contribution to UK businesses and the efforts to reduce poverty in the world. In 2005, Bill Gates and his wife Melinda Gates have been named by the American magazine “Time” Persons of the Year. On June 7, 2007, Bill Gates was considered a graduate of Harvard University. The decision to hand over the diploma Gates took the university administration.

In 1998, Gates resigned as president of Microsoft, in 2000, resigned as chief executive officer. Both positions got Steve Ballmer. January 7, 2008, Bill Gates announced his intention to resign as head of Microsoft, in July 2008. June 15, 2008, Bill Gates announced its intention in July 2008 to resign as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Microsoft. After leaving his post he intends to devote himself entirely to the management of a charitable foundation Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

A Shade June 27, 2008 was the last for Bill Gates as head of Microsoft. Despite this, he did not break with the company forever, Gates remains chairman of the Board of Directors (but without executive powers). He also engaged in special projects and remains the largest (8.7% stake in Microsoft) shareholder of the corporation, with offices located in 102 countries around the world, employs over 61,000 people.

At the end of October 2008, in the city of Kirkland (WA, USA) Bill Gates has registered his third company called «bgC3». Unverified sources say that «bgC3» means Bill Gates Company Three (third company of Bill Gates). It announced that it will be a research center, whose tasks will include providing scientific and technological services, work in the field of analytics and research, as well as the creation and development of hardware and software.

In his spare time, Bill Gates is an avid reader, and enjoys playing golf and bridge. For more information on the activities of Bill Gates, as well as materials of his speeches and essays can be found on the Web server (Eng. Language).

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