Jorge Amado

Submitted by on Oct 6, 2015

Brazilian writer Jorge Amado (Jorge Amado). Biography.

Jorge Amado – (Jorge Amado) (1912-2001), a Brazilian writer. His novels are translated into almost 50 languages, has repeatedly portrayed, formed the basis of theatrical and radio plays, songs and even comic books.

He was born August 10, 1912 to Ilheus (pcs. Bahia), son of a small planter. Writing began with 14 years. In the early novels Country Carnival (O paiz do carnaval, 1932), Dead Sea (Mar morto, 1936), Captains of the Sand (Capites da areia, 1937) described the workers’ struggle for their rights. Indicative in this respect, the novel Zhubiaba (Jubiab, 1935), whose hero, a child homeless beggar, is first a thief and gang leader, and then passing the school of the class struggle, it is a progressive trade union leader and an exemplary father of a family.

An activist of Communist Party of Brazil, Amadou than once expelled from the country for political activities. In 1946 he was elected to the National Congress, two years later, after the ban on the Communist Party, was again deported. Over the next four years, I visited a number of countries in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa, met with Pablo Picasso, P.Elyuarom, P.Nerudoy and other prominent figures of culture.

On his return in 1952, he devoted himself entirely to literary work, becoming a singer native Bahia, with its exotic tropical and pronounced African origin in culture. His novels are distinguished by an interest in folk traditions and magic rites, the taste of life with all its joys. Ideological installation works give way to actual artistic criteria, acting in line with the direction of a purely Latin American, which has received criticism in the name of “magical realism.” Getting these changes put the novel Boundless lands (Terras do sem fim, 1942), which was followed by other novels in the same direction – Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon (Gabriela, cravo e canela, 1958), pastors night (Os pastores da noite, 1964) Dona Flor and her two husband (Dona Flor e seus dois maridos, 1966), Bench wonders (Tenda dos milagres, 1969), Teresa Batista tired of war (Teresa Batista, cansada de guerra, 1972) Ambush (Tocaia grande, 1984 ) and others. In 1951, Amadou was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1984 was awarded the Order of the Legion of Honor (France).

Amado died in Salvador (pcs. Bahia) August 6, 2001.

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Jorge AmadoJorge Amado
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