Nadine Gordimer

Submitted by on Sep 20, 2015

Nadine Gordimer

38 Followers: 1 11 33

Born: November 20, 1923 Springs, Gauteng, South Africa

Died: July 13, 2014 South Africa

Nadine Gordimer ( English. Nadine Gordimer ; November 20, 1923, Springs, Transvaal, Union of South Africa – July 13, 2014, Johannesburg, South Africa) – South African English-speaking writer. The Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991, “which is his great epic has brought enormous benefits to humanity».

Nadine Gordimer was born November 20, 1923 in a small miner’s village of Springs, near Johannesburg, in a Jewish family. Her father, a watchmaker and jeweler, later, Isaac Wolf (Isidore) Gordimer (1887-1962), immigrated to South Africa in the age of thirteen from Zhagora Shavel County Kovno province, and his mother, Hannah Gordimer (born Myers, 1897-1973) – in six years age from London. She had an older sister Betty Adelaide (in marriage Wolf, 1920-2000).

Write the start of the age of nine. When she was 16 years old, comes out in Johannesburg, the magazine “Forum”published the novel”Tomorrow, come back.” After school, she studied at the University of the Witwatersrand.

In 1940-50-ies was approved in South Africa apartheid racial discrimination was growing, were banned marriages between people of different skin color. The very writer recalled that as a child perceived ‘own white skin “as an indication of the benefits and only later as experienced a rebirth.

The first collection of short stories, Gordimer “Face to Face”saw the world in 1949, and in 1953 she released her first novel”The Lying Days,” where the young heroine, Helen runs the same evolution as a writer. Creativity Gordimer reflected the complexity of the socio-political circumstances specific to South Africa, although Gordimer has always stressed that was not a mouthpiece for political ideas.

Gordimer novel “Land of strangers”(1958) – a multi-dimensional picture of the Johannesburg Society mid-1950s, seen through the eyes of a young Englishman journalist Toby Hodd. Novel”Love on the occasion” (1963) about the hero escape from the cruelty of the world in their personal, life has been isolated for many years banned for publishing in South Africa.

In 1964, Gordimer, along with journalist Anthony Sampson was involved in preparing the defense speech of Nelson Mandela – “I am ready to die” in court on charges of treason.

The novel “The Late Bourgeois World”(1966) are fully reflected in the growing Gordimer sense of loneliness and isolation. For some time, this novel also was banned in South Africa. In the novels of”Guest of Honor”(1970, Memorial Award James Tait Black 1971) and”The Guardian”(1974, Booker Prize) intonation Gordimer even more pessimistic, feelings of isolation even more obvious. The novel”Daughter of Burger” (1979) was subjected to censorship and persecution.

The world had resonance novel “People Julie”(1981). In the center of legends – the family of the architect Smayzla. After fleeing from Johannesburg to the village, the family lives with their own servants. Deep psychological Gordimer shows the relationship between the villagers and the white family, examines the social and cultural chasm between them. Then came the novels”Toy Nature”(1987),”The Tale of my son”(1990); including collections of short stories should be noted,”Six feet of earth”(1956),”Next Friday”(1960),”Do not be disclosed”(1965),”Satellites Livingstone”(1971),”Surely Monday”(1976),”Embrace Soldier “(1980), the novel”The July People”(1981), a collection of short stories”Something somewhere out there”(1984) and two other novel -“Fun Nature”(1987) and”The Story of My Son”(1990) Gordimer reaffirm loyalty to his constant theme – the problems of life in South Africa.

Once Gordimer noticed that all her works constitute a single book. And novels and dozens of short stories permeates her as the theme of racism and condemnation of selfishness and disunity among people, lack of spirituality and tolerance.

Several times Gordimer nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1991, the Nobel Prize was finally awarded to Nadine Gordimer. Collection of “Jump”and other stories (1991), released shortly after the presentation of the Nobel Prize Gordimer, includes stories from different side interprets the favorite themes of the writer, a variety of manner of writing shows her virtuosity of technique”small genre».

In the novel “Next to me – no one”(1994) Gordimer tells the story of Vera Stark, completely devoted his life to politics in the hope such a way to better understand itself. The novel”The House Gun”(1998), some critics have called”a thriller in the life of the higher echelons of power.”In 1999 he published a book,”Life in the hope and history notes on this century”, which includes articles and lectures Gordimer on literature, culture, human rights and about her work and life in South Africa.

Her latest novel “Ceychas the right time,” was published in 2012 and tells the story of veterans of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa today. Novels, short stories and articles Nadine Gordimer, winner of many awards and honorary titles have been translated into 25 languages ​​of the world.

Nadine Gordimer died on 13 July 2014 at age 90 at his home in Johannesburg in the presence of children – Hugo and Oriana. The family stated that “she is very worried about South Africa, for its culture, its people and its long struggle for the creation of a new democracy»

Gordimer was born near Springs, Gauteng, an East Rand mining town outside Johannesburg, the daughter of Jewish immigrants. Her father, Isidore Gordimer, was a watchmaker from Lithuania near the Latvian border, and her mother Nan was from London.

Gordimer’s early interest in racial and economic inequality in South Africa was shaped in part by her parents. Her father’s experience as a Jewish refugee in czarist Russia helped form Gordimer’s political identity, but he was neither an activist nor particularly sympathetic toward the experiences of black people under apartheid. Conversely, Gordimer saw activism by her mother, whose concern about the poverty and discrimination faced by black people in South Africa ostensibly led her to found a crèche for black children. Gordimer also witnessed government repression firsthand when yet a teenager; the police raided her family home, confiscating letters and diaries from a servant’s room.

Gordimer was educated at a Catholic convent school, but was largely home-bound as a child because her mother, for “strange reasons of her own,”did not put her into school (apparently, she feared that Gordimer had a weak heart). Home-bound and often isolated, she began writing at an early age, and published her first stories in 1937 at the age of fifteen. Her first published work was a short story for children,”The Quest for Seen Gold,”which appeared in the Children’s Sunday Express in 1937;”Come Again Tomorrow,” another children’s story, appeared in Forum around the same time. At the age of 16, she had her first adult fiction published.

Gordimer studied for a year at the University of the Witwatersrand, where she mixed for the first time with fellow professionals across the color bar. She also became involved in the Sophiatown renaissance. She did not complete her degree, but moved to Johannesburg in 1948, where she has lived ever since. While taking classes in Johannesburg, Gordimer continued to write, publishing mostly in local South African magazines. She collected many of these early stories in Face to Face, published in 1949.

In 1951, the New Yorker accepted Gordimer’s story “A Watcher of the Dead”, beginning a long relationship, and bringing Gordimer’s work to a much larger public. Gordimer, who has said she believes the short story is the literary form for our age, has continued to publish short stories in the New Yorker and other prominent literary journals. Gordimer’s first publisher, Lulu Friedman, was the wife of the Parliamentarian Bernard Friedman and it was at their house that Gordimer met other anti-apartheid writers

Gordimer’s first novel, The Lying Days, was published in 1953. In 1954, she married Reinhold Cassirer, a highly respected art dealer who established the South African Sotheby’s and later ran his own gallery; their “wonderful marriage” lasted until his death from emphysema in 2001. It was her second marriage and his third. Their son, Hugo, was born in 1955, and is today a filmmaker in New York, with whom Gordimer has collaborated on at least two documentaries. Hugo Cassirer later married Sarah Buttrick, and had three children: Kate, Roland, and Conrad. Gordimer also has a daughter, Oriane (born 1950), by her first marriage.

References

1953 – The Lying Days

1958 – A World of Strangers

Storybook:

1949 – Face to Face

1952 – The Soft Voice of the Serpent

1956 – Six Feet of the Country

1956 – Which New Era Would That Be?

1960 – Friday’s Footprint

1965 – Not for Publication

1970 – Livingstone’s Companions

1975 – Selected Stories

1978 – No Place Like: Selected Stories

1980 – Town and Country Lovers

1980 – A Soldier’s Embrace

1984 – Something Out There

Nadine GordimerNadine Gordimer
Nadine GordimerNadine Gordimer
Nadine GordimerNadine Gordimer

Leave a Comment