Indira Gandhi

Submitted by on Sep 30, 2015

Biography of Indira Gandhi

© RIA Novosti. Yuri Abramochkin

The Indian statesman, Prime Minister of India in 1966-1977 and 1980-1984, Indira Gandhi (Indira Gandhi) was born November 19, 1917 in Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh in northern India) in a family, to participate actively in the struggle for India’s independence.

Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, who later became the first Prime Minister of India after the country’s independence in 1947, at that time, took the first steps in the political arena in the Indian National Congress (INC). Big fame enjoyed grandfather Motilal Nehru, Gandhi, one of the veterans and the leaders of the “old guard” INC. Active participants of the political struggle and the women were the Nehru family. grandmother Indira Swarup Rani Nehru and her mother Kamala repeatedly subjected to reprisals by the authorities.

At the age of two, Indira Gandhi became acquainted with the “father of the nation” – Mahatma Gandhi, and in eight years he organized a council in his native town of the Children’s Union for the development of home weaving. With adolescence, she participated in the demonstrations. more than once served as a courier for the independence fighters.

In 1934, Indira was admitted to the People’s University, who created the famous Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore. However, after his mother’s death in 1936, she had to interrupt his studies and go to Europe.

In 1937, she enrolled in college Somervelsky Oxford in England, where she studied management, history and anthropology. After the Second World War, Indira decided to return home to be with his people in these difficult times. I had to go back home through South Africa, where many Indians settled. And there, in Cape Town, she performed with one of this political speech.

In 1941, she returned to India, and in 1942 she married Feroze Gandhi (no relation to Mahatma Gandhi), a journalist from Allahabad, a childhood friend. In September 1942, the couple were arrested, Indira Gandhi stayed in prison until May 1943.

In 1944, she had a son, Rajiv, and in 1946 – son Sanjay.

August 15, 1947 India achieved independence. It formed the first national government. Indira Gandhi became personal secretary to his father, and was accompanied by Prime Minister Nehru in all overseas trips.

Since 1955, Indira Gandhi – Member of the Working Committee and member of the Central Election Commission of the Congress, the chairman of the women’s organization of the party and member of the Central Parliamentary Board of the All India Congress Committee. In the same year Gandhi along with his father participated in a conference in Bandung, which initiated the Non-Aligned Movement. In 1959-1960 he was chairman of Gandhi’s Congress.

In 1960, Indira Gandhi’s husband died.

At the beginning of 1961, Gandhi became a member of the Congress Working Committee and starts to travel to pockets of ethnic conflicts.

In 1964, his father died, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi.

In the same year, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri suggested Gandhi to enter the room, and she took the post of Minister of Information and Broadcasting.

In 1966, after the death of Shastri, Indira Gandhi became prime minister. In this role, she has met with strong opposition. In 1969, after her government nationalized the 14 largest banks in India, the conservative leaders of Congress have tried to exclude her from the party. Make this they failed, and the Right faction walked out of the Congress, which led to a split in the party.

In 1971, war broke out with Pakistan, in these circumstances, Gandhi signed a Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.

The consequences of the war caused the worsening economic situation and growing internal tensions that had led to unrest in the country. In response, Gandhi in June 1975 announced the introduction of a state of emergency in India.

This forced decision undermined its credibility among the people: in 1977, the election of Gandhi was defeated. She and her family was arrested twice, accused of corruption.

In 1978, announced the establishment of the party Congress (I), Gandhi was re-elected to parliament, and the election in 1980 returned to the prime minister.

Soon after his return to power, Gandhi suffered a severe personal loss – in a plane crash killed her younger son and chief political advisor Sanjay. In the last years of his life Gandhi paid great attention to the activities on the world stage in 1983, she was elected chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement.

The second term of government Indira Gandhi was marked by conflict with Sikh separatists in Punjab. The military operation “Blue Star” for the disposal of Sikh extremists carried out on orders from the Indian government, led to the death of Indira Gandhi. October 31, 1984 she was killed by her Sikh bodyguards.

After the death of Indira Gandhi and the Congress government headed by her eldest son Rajiv. In 1991, he was killed by a terrorist organization of Sri Lankan “Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam” (LTTE) – in response to the dispatch of Indian troops in Sri Lanka in mid-1980.

The material is based on information RIA Novosti and open source

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi
Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi

Leave a Comment