Erik Satie Background:
Erik Satie (fr. Erik Satie, the full name of Eric Alfred Leslie Satie, Eric Alfred Leslie Satie) – an extravagant French composer and pianist, one of the reformers of the European music of the 1st quarter of the XX century. His piano pieces influenced many composers of the Art Nouveau style. Erik Satie – the forerunner and originator of musical movements like impressionism, primitivism, constructivism, minimalism and neo-classicism. It Satie invented the genre of “furniture music” that does not need special listening, unobtrusive melodies sounding in the shop or at the exhibition.
Erik Satie was born May 17, 1866 in the Normandy town of Honfleur (Calvados department). C four to six years old when his mother died, Eric lived with his family in Paris. In 1879 and 1885 he acted Satie twice the Paris Conservatoire, and not graduating.
In 1888 Satie wrote the work “Three Gymnopédies» (Trois gymnopédies: Gymnopédie No. 1, Gymnopédie No. 2, Gymnopédie No. 3) for piano solo, which was based on the free use of sequences nonakkordov (a similar technique had already met at Frank S. and E. Chabrier. Sati is the first to introduce a sequence of chords, built in fourths, using this technique for the first time in 1891 in the song “Son of Star» (Le fils des étoiles). Such innovations were once used by nearly all French composers. These techniques have become characteristic of French music direction Nouveau. In 1892 Erik Satie has developed its own system of composition, the essence of which was that each plays Satie wrote a few – often no more than five or six – short passages and then simply dock the elements to each other. With this system, Satie wrote the first pieces of the new sample.
Erik Satie eccentric and emotional while closed and sarcastic. He lived and worked separately from the musical elite of France, almost to his fiftieth birthday was virtually unknown to the general public. Since 1899 Satie earned akompanirovaniem cabaret, and only in 1911, his work became known to the public thanks to Maurice Ravel, staged a series of concerts and to introduce him to good publishers, and especially after the scandalous premiere of the ballet “Parade” in 1916, delivered on Satie music.
Erik Satie died on July 1, 1925, his death passed almost unnoticed, and only in 50-ies of XX century, his work has become topical again. Today, Erik Satie is one of the most frequently performed piano composers of the XX century.
The system Satie and his early work had a strong influence on the young Maurice Ravel. He became one of the pioneers of the idea of prepared piano and significantly influenced the work of John Cage. Under his direct influence also formed such famous composers as Claude Debussy, the famous French group of composers “six» (Les Six). Creativity Satie and associations of composers existed for just over a year, had a strong influence on Shostakovich. Within a decade, one of the brightest followers Sati was Igor Stravinsky.
Created in 1916 the avant-garde genre background “furniture music”, which do not need to specifically listen to Erik Satie was also a pioneer and forerunner of minimalism. His haunting melodies, repeated hundreds of times without any changes and break-sounding in the store or in the cabin during the reception of guests, ahead of their time on the good half-century.