Maurice Ravel

Submitted by on Sep 11, 2015

Maurice Ravel

Background:

( Maurice Ravel . 1875-1937) – French composer. In 1889 -1905 studied at the Paris Conservatory, in Vol. H. At S. W. de Berio (piano), Faure (composition). Artist of high culture, Ravel paid special attention to French literature (both classical and modern) and painting (fond of the Impressionists). He showed great interest in folklore (French, Spanish, etc.). A significant place in the work occupies a Spanish theme (Ravel’s mother – a Spanish-Basque origin, his teacher Berio was an admirer of Spanish art). Much of the music took Ravel E. Chabrier, E. Satie, especially Debussy and Russian composers – Alexander Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov, and especially Mussorgsky (worked with I. F . Stravinsky score of “Khovanshchina”for staging the opera in Paris orchestrated”Pictures at an Exhibition”in the opera”The Spanish Hour”Ravel, in his own words, was succeeded by the principles of”The Marriage”by Mussorgsky). Ravel gave concerts as a pianist and conductor, performed mostly his own compositions (in the 20s. Made a concert tour of Europe and North America), performed with the music is a critical articles. During the 1 st World War 1914-18 he volunteered for the army. The war gave rise to a deep dramatic works of Ravel, in Vol. H. Piano Concerto for the Left Hand, written at the request of the Austrian pianist P. Wittgenstein, who lost his right arm at the front; dead friends he devoted to piano suite”The Tomb of Couperin” (1917). In the last years of his life because of severe progressive disease (brain tumor) ceased creative activity.

The brightest representative of world music culture of the 1st half of the 20th century. Ravel continued and developed in the quest Debussy impressionistic tone-painting, a color harmony and orchestration, exotic rhythms. However, a number of works appeared neoclassical trend. In the work of Ravel presents a variety of genres: “Spanish Rhapsody”(1907),”Waltz”(1920) and”Bolero”(1928) for orchestra – one of the peaks of the French symphony 20. opera”The Spanish Hour”(1907), an opera-ballet”The Child and the Spells”(1925) and others. Ravel subservient element of dance rhythms of different times, which is reflected in the”dance”works – Ballet (choreographic symphony)”Daphnis and Chloe”(libretto by M. Fokine, 1912),”Bolero,””Noble and Sentimental Waltzes” (for piano, 1911), and others. as well as in works such as the Sonata for Violin and Piano (Part 2 – Blues ), the opera”Child and the Spells”(fox teapots and cups), and others. Creative opening of Ravel in harmony, rhythm, frets, orchestration led to new stylistic trends in music of the 20th century. In 1975 in Lyon opened the concert hall”Auditorium Maurice RavelĀ».

Maurice RavelMaurice Ravel
Maurice RavelMaurice Ravel
Maurice RavelMaurice Ravel

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