Lena Horne

Submitted by on Oct 28, 2015

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The American jazz singer, actress, one of the first stars of the Negro kinomyuzikla.

Lena Mary Calhoun Horne was born on June 30, 1917 in the neighborhood of Brooklyn. She came from a family of John SiKalhauna where both father and mother is a volatile mix of European Americans, American Indians and African-Americans.

Her father, Edwin Fletcher “Teddy” Horne Jr. was a kingpin in the gambling business and left the family when Lena was three years old. His mother, Louise Skottron Edna, the daughter of the inventor Samuel R. Skottrona, was an actress in a black troupe and traveled. Grandmother Amelie Louise Ashton was a slave from Senegal. Lena Horne, mostly raised her grandparents, Cora Calhoun and Edwin Horne.

When Horn was five years old, she was sent to live in Georgia. For several years, she traveled with her mother. From 1927 to 1929 she lived with her uncle Frank C. Horne, who was dean of the Industrial Institute (later he became an adviser to Franklin Delano Roosevelt).

From Fort Valley Lena Horne briefly moved to Atlanta with his mother. They returned to New York when she was 12 years old. She attended high school for girls in Brooklyn, but did not receive a certificate. At age 18 she moved to his father in Pittsburgh, staying in downtown Little Harlem for almost five years.

On the music scene Horne debuted at the age of 16 at the famous New York club «Cotton Club», where for some time advocated a singer in the evening shows. After moving to Hollywood, she appeared in small roles in many motion pictures, the most notable of which became “The hut is in heaven”and”Rainy weather.” At the end of the 1940s because of his left-wing political views and the beginning of the period of the Red threat, Lena Horne hit the Hollywood Blacklist, and in later years she struggled to find work.

In 1950 Lena Horne returned to performances in nightclubs, has become periodically appear on television, and has recorded several music albums. In August 1963 she took part in a protest march on Washington. In March 1980, Horn announced his retirement from the stage, but then successfully performed in the musical Review “Lena Horne: The Lady and her Music,” which was on Broadway more than 300 times, and brought the singer two awards «Grammy».

Lena Horne was strongly associated with “the civil rights movement.”In 1941 she sang in Cafe Society and worked with Paul Robeson. During the Second World War, when she entertained troops Lina refused to speak”to separate by color the audience or groups in which German prisoners sitting in front of African-American soldiers.” The US Army refused to testimony before a mixed audience, but Lena made an interesting move, speaking in front of black American soldiers and white German prisoners of war. Seeing that black soldiers were forced to sit in the rear seats, it has passed from the scene to them and stood behind the Germans. It was at a meeting with NAACP Medgar Evers in Jackson, Mississippi, when Evers was killed. Horne also met with President John F. Kennedy at the White House two days before his assassination. She has performed in Washington and spoke on behalf of the NAACP, SNCC and the National Council of Negro Women. She also worked with Eleanor Roosevelt to pass anti-lynching laws. In addition, Lena was a member of the sorority Delta Sigma Theta.

Tom Lehrer mentioned Lena Hone in his song «National Brotherhood Week» («National Brotherhood Week»).

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