John Glenn

Submitted by on Sep 13, 2015

John Glenn) Biography John Glenn (John Glenn) John Herschel Glenn, Jr.) US astronaut John Herschel Glenn Jr. (John Herschel Glenn, Jr.) was born on July 18, 1921 in Cambridge, Ohio. In 1939 he graduated from high school in New Concord (school later named after him). Muskingum College) From September 1939, he studied at the College Muskingum (Muskingum College) in New Concord, but in January 1942 dropped out and went to the army. Naval Aviation Cadet) In March 1942, he became a student of the Aviation College (Naval Aviation Cadet) US Navy. In 1943, Glenn graduated from college and was sent to serve in the United States Marine Corps (ILC). F-4U. After intensive training enlisted in the 155th Fighter Squadron and the Commission during the year carried out flights from Marshall Islands on fighter F-4U. During the Second World War has made 59 sorties. After the war, John Glenn served in the 218 th Fighter Squadron, the Commission, which was based on the island of Guam, and participated in the patrol flights over the North China. From June 1948 to December 1950, Glenn served as an instructor pilot in the Air Force Base of Corpus Christi in Texas, and then in the Battle School amphibians in Quantico, Virginia. During the Korean War, he performed 63 sorties as a pilot 311th fighter squadron. F-86 Sabrejet. Then he was temporarily transferred to the US Air Force and carried out 27 combat missions in the F-86 Sabrejet. Naval Test Pilot School) In 1953 he enrolled in the School Naval Test Pilot (Naval Test Pilot School) in Petyuksent River, Maryland and graduated in July 1954. Fighter Design Branch) Navy Bureau of Aeronautics) Bureau of Naval Weapons). From November 1956 to April 1959 he served in the department of design fighter (Fighter Design Branch) Department of Aeronautics of the US Navy (Navy Bureau of Aeronautics) in Washington, DC (now Bureau of Naval Weapons (Bureau of Naval Weapons). During this period, He studied at the University of Maryland. F8U Crusader, In July 1957, as an officer of the aircraft project F8U Crusader, John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record, flying on this plane from Los Angeles to New York in 3 hours 23 minutes 8.4 seconds with an average speed of 1164.39 km / h, improving the previous record by 21 minutes. The total flight time as a pilot Glenn is about 9 thousand. Hours, including about 3 thousand. Hours in jet aircraft. Project Mercury) In April 1959, John Glenn became the participant of the “Mercury”(Project Mercury) and was enrolled in the first NASA astronaut. NASA Space Task Group) Langley Research Center) He was also assigned to the special department of the NASA Space (NASA Space Task Group) in Langley Research Center (Langley Research Center) in Hampton, Virginia. Glenn took a full course of training, focusing on issues related to the design, control and measuring equipment and control systems of the capsule”Mercury”and her trainer. Mercury MR-3 (Freedom-7) Mercury MR-4 (Liberty Bell-7). Alan Shepard was a backup during a suborbital flight May 5, 1961 on the Mercury MR-3 (Freedom-7) and Virgil Grissom on suborbital flight 21 July 1961 on the Mercury MR-4 (Liberty Bell-7). NASA Manned Spacecraft Center). In 1962, the Space Division was transferred to Houston, Texas, and became part of the Center for NASA’s manned spacecraft (NASA Manned Spacecraft Center). Johnson Space Center). Later this center was transformed into the Johnson Space Center (Johnson Space Center). 20 Mercury MA-6 (Friendship-7, Mercury-Atlas-D). February 20, 1962 John Glenn made his first space flight on the ship Mercury MA-6 (number 13 capsule Friendship-7, RN Mercury-Atlas-D). The launch of the ship was made from Cape Canaveral (Florida), launch complex # 14. Glenn performed three revolutions around the Earth and became the first American astronaut to orbit space flight. Maximum altitude (apogee) the flight was 260 km with a maximum orbital velocity of the order of 28 thousand km / h. The ship landed in 1287 km south-east of Cape Canaveral in the vicinity of the island of Grand Turk. The total duration of the flight was 4 hours 55 minutes 23 seconds. Apollo Program) In January 1963, Glenn was transferred to the program”Apollo”(Apollo Program) and participated in the development of the lunar ship. 16 NASA January 16, 1964 he resigned from the astronaut NASA to participate in the elections to the US Senate. Due on February 26 received a head injury in the elections did not participate. 1 January 1, 1965 as a colonel retired from the Marine Corps. In November 1974, John Glenn was elected US senator from the state of Ohio (the Democratic Party). Re-elected three more times – in 1980, 1986 and 1992. He was a member of the Armed Services Committee and a leader of the Democrats in the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. In 1984 and 1988, Glenn was nominated by the Democratic Party candidate for president of the United States, but both times his candidacy was not supported at conventions Democrats as the main candidates. In 1997, NASA has proposed his candidacy for on-orbit health (geriatric) experiments. 16 STS-95. January 16, 1998 NASA officially announced that John Glenn assigned payload specialist in the crew of STS-95. Discovery STS-95. From October 29 to November 7, 1998, John Glenn made his second space flight – as a mission specialist Shuttle Discovery STS-95. Mission duration was 8 days 21 hours 44 minutes 55 seconds. Glenn set a world record, made a space flight at age 77 and became the second astronaut after Senator Jake Garnier. In total, John Glenn spent in space more than 218 hours. In 1999, he resigned from the post of senator. Distinguished Flying Cross), Air Medal). John Glenn was awarded six crosses”the Distinguished Flying Merit”(Distinguished Flying Cross), ten medals”For air operations”(Air Medal). Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal),”American Campaign Medal), “World War II Victory Medal), “China Service Medal), “National Defense Service Medal), “Korean Service Medal), Congressional Space Medal of Honor). Also awarded commemorative medals “For participation in the military operations in Asia and the Pacific”(Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal),”For participation in hostilities US Armed Forces (1941-1946)”(American Campaign Medal),”For the victory in Second World War “(World War II Victory Medal),”For Service in China”(China Service Medal),”For the service for the protection of the nation”(National Defense Service Medal),”For Service in Korea”(Korean Service Medal), Medal of Honor Space Congress (Congressional Space Medal of Honor). NASA Distinguished Service Medal), NASA Space Flight Medal). NASA awarded the medal “For Distinguished Service”(NASA Distinguished Service Medal), and medal NASA”Space Flight”(NASA Space Flight Medal). NASA (NASA Ambassador of Exploration Award) (2006). Awarded after research NASA (NASA Ambassador of Exploration Award) (2006). American Patriot Award), National Defense University Foundation). In November 2006, he won the”American Patriot”(American Patriot Award), awarded annually by the Foundation of the National Defense University”(National Defense University Foundation). Congressional Gold Medal). In 2009, Glenn was awarded the US Congressional Gold Medal (Congressional Gold Medal). NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field), It is named after one of the research centers of NASA in Cleveland (NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field), Ohio. US Astronaut Hall of Fame). Name John Glenn entered the Hall of Fame American astronauts (US Astronaut Hall of Fame). In 2010, a survey of “Who’s your space hero?”, Conducted by the US Space Foundation, John Glenn took the 5th place. Anna Margaret Castor). John Glenn is married to Anna Margaret Castor (Anna Margaret Castor). The couple have two children and two grandchildren. He enjoys water skiing and sailing.
John GlennJohn Glenn
John GlennJohn Glenn
John GlennJohn Glenn

Leave a Comment