Elie Wiesel

Submitted by on Oct 9, 2015

Elie Wiesel.

The famous photograph of prisoners of the camp Buchenwald. Wiesel – the seventh in the second row.

Elie Wiesel (Eng. Elie Wiesel ; b. 1928) – Hebrew, French, and American writer, journalist and public figure. The Nobel Peace Prize 1986, a prisoner of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He writes in Yiddish, Hebrew, French and English.

Professor of Humanities at Boston University.


  • Biography
  • Awards
  • Publications in Russian
  • Notes
  • References
  • Links

Elie Wiesel was born September 30, 1928 in Sighet (Romania) in a religious Jewish family, Sarah Feig and Shlomo Wiesel. Eli had three sisters – the older Beatrice and Hilda and younger Zipporah. He received a traditional Jewish religious education.

In 1940, Sighet was annexed to Hungary, and in 1944, under the pressure of Nazi Germany in May 1944, all the Jews of the city, including Wiesel himself, his three sisters and his parents were deported to Auschwitz concentration camp. The tattooed number Wiesel was «A-7713». Upon arrival, Wiesel and his father was separated from his mother and sisters. Sarah and Tzipora not survive in prison. Shlomo Wiesel, and were sent to a unit of Auschwitz Monowitz labor camp, forming part of Auschwitz. Despite the fact that they are often transferred from one sector to another Auschwitz, Wiesel was able to hold as much as 8 months, next to his father. In winter 1944/1945, on the death march Eli and Solomon were flown from Auschwitz to Buchenwald, where just a week before the camp was liberated in April 1945, Shlomo died of starvation and disease, as well as beatings inflicted by guards and other prisoners who tried to take his food.

Wiesel went to Paris, where in one of the shelters found survivors of the deportation of Beatrice and Hilda. Later, both emigrated to North America, where Beatrice moved to Quebec City.

In the years 1948-1951 Wiesel studied at the Sorbonne, where he studied philosophy, and then began working as a journalist. In 1955 he moved to New York, in 1963, became an American citizen.

Wiesel began a literary career in Yiddish (for many years collaborated with various periodicals in this language), a few years later became also be published in periodicals in Hebrew, then moved mainly in French, and in recent years in English. His first book, published in Yiddish in Argentina under the title “The world was silent”in 1956. Short and adapted from the French version came out in 1958 under the name”Night”(Eng.), With opening remarks by François Mauriac and immediately brought the author fame. The book was translated into 18 languages. Wiesel – author of over 40 books. Many works Wiesel dedicated to the Holocaust, Jewish culture (an autobiographical novel in Yiddish,”The world was silent”, 1956; “Dawn”, 1961; “The Day”, 1961; “The Song of the Dead”, 1966; “Beggar in Jerusalem”, 1968; “later, Generation “, 1970;”The Gospel torn Jewish poet,”1980;”Twilight,”1987). In 1965, Wiesel visited the Soviet Union in order to obtain reliable information about the situation of the Jews in the Soviet Union, during which he met with thousands of representatives of the Jewish community. Impressed by what he saw and heard Wiesel wrote which was published a year later, the book “Jews of Silence,” which urged the international community to help the Jews of the Soviet Union, to protest against the policies of the Soviet authorities.

Wiesel has taught at Yale, Boston, Georgetown University. It is also known for its social activities. He headed the Presidential Commission on the Holocaust in 1980-1986 he was the chairman of the US Holocaust Memorial Council. In 1985 he was awarded the gold medal of the US Congress, in 2006 awarded the title of Honorary Knight of Great Britain. National Humanities Medal of the United States (2009).

1 February 2007 22-year-old Holocaust denier Eric Hunt, posing as a journalist, tried to abduct Wiesel during the “Conference on the reduction of violence in the world” in Boston. A few weeks later the police arrested a New Jersey Hunt, who escaped from the scene. Wiesel claims that he had previously received threats from Holocaust deniers.

Wiesel has initiated an international campaign in support of Mikhail Khodorkovsky, launched in June 2010.

  • The Nobel Peace Prize (1986)
  • The Presidential Medal of Freedom (USA)
  • The Presidential Medal (Israel)
  • Gold medal of the Congress of the United States
  • The Order of the Legion of Honor
  • Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
  • The Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Hungary)
  • Prix Médicis (1968)

Publications in Russian

  • Testament: Roman. – Hermitage, 1987.
  • night. Dawn. Accident: Three stories. – Yair, 1989.
  • night. Dawn. Day. Trilogy. – Moscow: Olympus; PPP, 1993.
  • City Success: A Novel // October. – 1995. – # 5. – S. 82-159.
  • Scattered sparks. – Jerusalem; Moscow: Gesharim 2000.
  • The Next Generation. – M., Text; Zh. Friendship of Peoples, 2001.
  • Time restless. – M. Text 2005.
  • Will the murdered Jewish poet. M. Text 2012

Elie WieselElie Wiesel
Elie WieselElie Wiesel
Elie WieselElie Wiesel

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