Lizzy Borden

Submitted by on Oct 23, 2015

Fall River is located south of Boston, at some 40 miles away. Once it was one of the largest centers of the US textile industry. Now it is in the past. Industry curtailed production made outside the country. Among the attractions of the city you’ll be told to visit the Naval Museum, some of the world a lot. But most importantly, tell the stranger: do not miss the places associated with the Lizzie Borden, she had lived in this city! Who is Lizzie Borden? This name is known to every American schoolchild. Bloody killer indispensable character Hellouinskoy parties. The girl with an innocent face and a bloody ax in his hand. Lizzie was a monster – this is known to everyone. She killed his father and stepmother. But the court acquitted her – a teacher of Sunday school was acquitted. The case of the double murder is still unsolved. What happened? Why innocent girl became a bloody legend? Elizabeth Andrew Borden was born in 1860 in the town of Fall River, Massachusetts. In the family of Andrew J. businessman. Borden and his wife, Sarah, she was the third daughter, but the average girl died before the birth of Lizzie. Rumor has it that Andrew’s not too was happy baby appearance: he wanted a son and daughter even gave the male a second name. However, perhaps, Mr. Borden, on the other hand, called her middle name in his honor. The girl’s mother died March 26, 1863, when Lizzy was just 2 years. Mr. Borden long remained a widower. 6 June 6, 1865, he married again. His choice was plump Darfen Abby Gray, rather quarrelsome 32-year-old woman. Borden was not poor – his fortune is estimated at 500 thousand. Dollars. He was a businessman in the eighth generation. However, through the efforts of his father’s savings melted away like smoke ancestors. But Andrew was able to improve things. As a youth, he began to work the fish peddler. At maturity – he became the owner of the funeral home, and then ran the textile factories and made a good trade real estate. By 1892 Borden became president of the bank union. In short, he was a wealthy and respected man, and despite his advanced age, he continued to work, sometimes 14 hours a day. However, the Borden family lived modestly demanded that Puritan faith, perfectly in harmony with the personal qualities of Andrew. Many described him as skuperdyaya. Spending money on the arrangement he did not like, so the furniture in the house was old, and her daughter dressed very simply and wore their dresses rough years. The food, too little variety. House number 92 on the second street, where the Borden family lived, was near the office of Andrew, in an industrial area – people living in the vicinity of a lower social status. Businessmen level Mr. Borden preferred to settle at the prestigious “Hill”, in luxurious mansions. And in the house, Andrew did not even have running water. The relationship with her stepmother Lizzie was not ideal, but not hostile. As she later explained in the investigation and trial, as a child, she turned to Abby, “mother”, but later stopped forever, and called her “Mrs. Borden.”Baby misunderstanding developed into contempt: Lizzie thought that Abby married Andrew because of its wealth. Growing up, she never allowed herself to dine with her at the table. At leisure, Lizzie often went to church, loved fishing, and if you had to stay at home, then spent her time knitting and sewing. Married Lizzie did not come out. She became a teacher in Sunday school – decent employment for women, brought up in the Puritan family. It was the Society of Christian missions, where the secretary-treasurer, and the Women’s Christian Union. In addition, Lizzie unpaid volunteers cared for the sick in the hospital. In 1892, she was already 32 years. In July, 1892 at the Andrew Borden adult daughters – Emma (so-called big sister) and Lizzie’s house there was some misunderstanding and they are a few days left to stay with relatives in another city. Upon returning Lizzie 4 days lived in a rooming house, before returning home. 2 August 2, all four members of the family – father, step-mother and daughter – feel unwell. The most logical to assume food poisoning stale food that made Mr. Bowen, a family physician. The feet in the day there was only a single servant Borden – Bridget Sullivan, an immigrant from Ireland 26 years old – she ate separately. But Mr. Bowen’s family doctor had doubts about the poisoning. Anyway, the malaise was not too strong. Third number Lizzie told her friend: her father had enemies and the family believe that milk was poisoned by ill-wishers. In the afternoon, I came to Borden to visit John Morse – the brother of the deceased first wife of Andrew, a friend and business partner of Borden. The next day there was a tragedy. The day was hot in the morning. Breakfast was about seven. To him down Mr. and Mrs. Borden and John Morse. Lizzie remained at home. Emma went on a picnic with friends in the town Feyrheven and was 20 miles from home. About eight Mr. Morse had gone to visit their relatives. An hour later, Andrew went to the office. Mrs. Borden and Bridget Sullivan engaged in cleaning. It was nearly 11 am when the 70-year-old Mr. Borden returned home from a business meeting. The door was opened by Bridget and Lizzie spent in the living room. Then she looked into the kitchen, where a chat with Bridget. Soon the maid left a bit. A quarter of an hour later before she heard desperate cries Lizzy:”Here! Maggie, come here! His father is dead! Someone came in and killed him!”(At that time, some families of the maids called”Maggie”as they had not been called in fact). Bridget immediately rushed to cry. The maid ran into Lizzie at the door to the living room. Inside, it was not part of Elizabeth told her to immediately bring Dr. Bowen – he lived across the street. However, the doctor was not in place. After leaving the house, Lizzie faced with a neighbor, Mrs. Adelaide Churchill. She tried to console her. Later, Mrs. Churchill told me that was shaken by an extraordinary serenity girl. A neighbor asked where Abby, but Lizzie said,”Imagine, I do not know. She mentioned that he was going to visit some sick, it caused a note, but I do not know. I think I heard her come home. ” Adelaide Churchill went for another doctor, and he came pretty quickly. By this time the house a crowd of neighbors and onlookers. The doctor counted on the body of Mr. Borden 10 tracks from the blows with an ax. The living room was a lot of blood. They sent for the police. Miss Sullivan and Mrs. Churchill went upstairs and came across a second body: Abby Borden was on a ladder in a pool of his own blood. The body has cooled down – she was killed somewhere in half an hour ago, around 9:30 in the morning. Mrs. Borden soap stairs when someone hit her on the head with an ax, and then paid a further 19 attacks on the dead body. As it turned out, she and her husband were killed after the first strike, but violent criminals did not stop. Arriving police officers tried to make sure the first thing that is not visited by outsiders. The house is thoroughly searched, but found no sign of forced entry or struggle. And the neighbors did not see anyone suspicious. However, between the murders, according to doctors, it took half an hour – and all the while the killer would have had to be hidden somewhere in the house or near it. But no trace of the presence of foreign police had not identified. Then detectives interested inhabitants of the house as the most likely culprit. The first fell under suspicion and John Morse. Soon, however, the police found out: he spent the morning with their relatives. Alibi Emma was also very reliable. There remained two suspects. Maid all morning without interruption, soap box. Shortly before the second killing, she chatted with Lizzie and left to rest. Her room was on the first floor – it does not rise upward. In addition, her name is not mentioned in the will of the owner, and cash, which could cause the temptation to murder out of greed, not stored in the house. So the investigation was only one version of the killer – Elizabeth. Motive, opportunity and instrumentalities of crime have been Lizzy. She was questioned about the movements of the day. She argued that morning spent in bed, feeling unwell, as the eve poisoned. But here’s the question of where it was at the time of the murder of her father, Lizzie gave four different answers. At first, when she was asked about Bridget, she said she went outside. On the same question, Mrs. Churchill, she said she was looking in the barn sinkers for fishing rods. Police said that eating pears in the barn and went to sleep in the heat, and woke her moan. She rushed into the house and came across the body of his father. However, the police did not find any in the barn Ohryzko, no trace of the girl. In addition, there was very stuffy, and stay inside for a long time on a hot day it would be problematic. As a result, Lizzie acknowledged that was in the kitchen. In addition, the girl told police that when the father came home, she was upstairs. But if so, she came down the stairs in the house only and did not see the body stepmother? «When considered this horrible incident recollect many things more clearly”, – so she explained her”clarify the testimony.” Soon, investigators learned from neighbors that just before Lizzie said that her father had enemies and she feared for his life. This could indicate a pre-planned murder. The police did not find any competitor or detractors of Mr. Borden, who wanted to kill him. A search of the house detectives have not found the note, which stepmother allegedly caused to the patient. But in the basement they found an ax without a handle. It has been recently washed and sprinkled with ash – so clean blood stains that are not washed off the water. Yet on the heels of any charges brought was not: it is difficult to immediately declare the guilt of his daughter distinguished citizen. But the investigation continued. The local pharmacist Eli Bens testified that the day before the murder Lizzie tried to buy him hydrocyanic acid. She explained to him that she needed him the poison as a means of moth in the closet. Pharmacist advised to bring a doctor’s prescription. Police asked Lizzie question of poison, but she could not give an answer. On the third day after the murder, August 7, Lizzie went to her friend Alice Russell. She saw Miss Borden burns her blue dress, the one which was on the day of the murder. Was this an attempt to cover their tracks and destroy the remnants of blood on the clothes? Also found that in a Will Mr. Borden main heiress called his wife Abby. Daughters from his first marriage, Emma and Lizzie owed only small amounts. In addition, it became clear that usually stingy Andrew Borden was going to give a large sum of money sister Abby. Bridget Sullivan mentioned that relaxing at home, heard the laughter upstairs. It seemed to her that Lizzie laughing. If so, she was on the stairs between the two murders and could not see the body of her stepmother. Finally, doctors initially declared that the murder allegedly committed by a man of high growth, acknowledged that blows inflicted by spouses Borden did not require male power. The police suspect Lizzie on the first day. But the collection of evidence delayed – only a week after the murder on August 11, the investigation brought charges against Elizabeth Andrew Borden of murder Dzh.Bordena Andrew and Abby Borden-Grace. Lizzie was taken into custody. A preliminary hearing on the case has passed on August 22-23. Lizzie Borden has clearly stated that it is not guilty, and was sent to jail until the hearing,”the grand jury.” History, meanwhile, became the property of the press. Newspapers everywhere bowed name Lizzy. Reporters states expounded all the gory details. «The old maid took revenge on the tyrant-father and cruel stepmother!” – Headlines. Nobody doubted the guilt of Miss Borden. But Fall River residents were outraged. In their eyes the image of those arrested was quite different: a modest, quiet, God-fearing daughter of ferocious, cruel and greedy father, Sunday school teacher, almost sacred, which has become a victim of some diabolical error. Details of the crime were made public, and many were convinced that guileless and quiet girl though she was offended by their parents, but simply could not conceive of such an insidious thing. During the week, there was an investigation, Emma and Lizzie had announced a reward for any information about the crime. Pasted in Fall River posters read: someone who tells the murderer of their father and his wife, will be paid a fee of $ 5,000 – while a huge amount. The trial commenced on 5 June 1893. Lizzie was the lawyer George Robinson, the former Massachusetts governor. Defender was eloquent: at the vivid colors he painted as a consequence of trying to go the easy way, attributing the massacre of any innocent creature. «To recognize her guilty, you need to believe that it is the villain. Gentlemen, do not like it on the villain?”- A lawyer interested in the jury. «Gentlemen, look at this poor girl, not only deprived of maternal love, but also to humiliate lifetime heartless father. Is it possible to believe that this God-fearing and respectable person could commit such a diabolical crime. This quiet Sunday school teacher can not produce any other feelings, except sympathy and compassion!”. Lizzie also fainted right on the dock when the prosecutor began to show the cruelty of the murderers, by presenting to the court as evidence of dead skull with traces of blows. Through the efforts of counsel at trial did not mention the acquisition of poisons as having no relation to this case. Robinson failed and factual arguments. According to him, the results ax did not find traces of blood – and therefore, it may not be the murder weapon. In addition, a police officer claimed that the handle of the ax was there, and the other denied it. Anyway, in the Axe he appeared without handle. And such an instrument cause such attacks impossible. In addition, the lawyer suggested that, whether the murderer Lizzie, she could not make it after the assassination of his father wash the blood from the ax, sprinkle it with ashes and hide in the basement and throw the handle. Yes, and no traces of blood on a garment girls are not found, and the dress she burned because it stained with paint after the tragedy. Emma expected a witness protection. She said that the relationship with his father and his daughter were warm: Mr. Borden died with the ring on his finger, which once gave him Lizzy – he wore it for more than ten years. Relationship stepdaughter stepmother, according to the sisters, were cordial, but there was no conflict. Emma also said that their family was made to burn the spoiled clothes. 20 June 20, 1893, after one and a half hours of deliberation, the jury acquitted Ms. Borden. Upon hearing the verdict, Lizzie cried, covering her face with her hands and then cried loudly and joyfully. «I want to go home immediately,”- she said. Upon his release, Lizzie inherited almost all of the state’s father – money that it when his life could not be counted. Relatives of Abby Borden Gray, tried to challenge this outcome, but it did not work out: Abby died first, and then she and her family did not inherit Andrew Borden. Soon Lizzie hated sold the house and moved to the other – in a prestigious area, on the”Hill”, which settled the local rich. She settled there with Emma. House called Meyplkroft. Lizzie started calling themselves Lisbeth E. Borden, somehow different from the acclaimed”Lizzie Borden.” By the way, she always quarreled with Alice Russell, his girlfriend, testified in court that she burned the dress. Lizzie became a regular at the theater, a lot of talking with the actors and actresses. But the quiet life she could not. At first the sisters quarreled, and Emma moved out. Then Lizzie and she began to feel uncomfortable: people, during the investigation and trial have taken the protection of women, and now treat it with suspicion. The boys shouted after her poems about the murder with an ax. In 1904, Lisbeth left Fall River and came only shortly before his death. She died of pneumonia alone 1 June 1927 at the age of 67 years. The mystery of the double murder in Fall River woman ever took with him to the grave. After 9 days in New Hampshire, in a nursing home, aged 76, Emma died. Two sisters buried in Fall River to Oak Grove Cemetery. After the death of Lisbeth 30 thousand. Dollars bequest received League of Animal Protection Fall River. 500 she bequeathed to ensure the perpetual care of the grave of her father. On 6 th. Got her close friend and cousin. Bridget Sullivan left the Fall River in his native Ireland immediately after the trial. According to other sources, she moved to Montana. It was rumored that Lizzie had paid her a large sum of money. Some even gossiped that the women were in cahoots. Where is the truth? The main question that arises after examining the case, is this: if you do not Lizzy, then who? And, indeed, direct evidence of guilt, the court was not. But no one either could not or did not have a motive to commit the crime. Of course, the killer could be any obsessive mania of people. But nothing like this is not repeated. So the truth of the double murder in Fall River is hidden from us. From time to time in the press again, controversy erupts. In America has a”Society of Friends of Lizzie Borden”- an organization that collects evidence of her innocence. However, to find something new you can not – members of the society is to conduct a fierce controversy with prosecutors. Force enthusiasts on the Internet all the protocols laid judicial interrogation in the case of Lizzie. But many have no doubt: only undeveloped forensic science allowed Miss Borden avoid the gallows. They believe that on that day the patience of a humble girl, and she snapped at once revenge for all the humiliation, real and exist only in her imagination. On the other hand, if the killer was Lizzie, that she behaved very strangely, without thinking a lot of necessary details. It is not clear why after killing boldly”to find”the body and call the police, and how could so bad to think his testimony. Someone accused of killing Bridget Sullivan, suggesting that she was angry at the home, forced her to wash the windows on a very hot day after food poisoning. Of course, sometimes anger brings people to the desperate and terrible deeds, yet the motive seems sucked from the finger. Some speculate that Andrew Borden was visiting some William, calling it illegitimate son. After an unsuccessful attempt to extort he killed his”father.” Finally, and perhaps Emma secretly left the picnic and killed their parents. Alas, all this is just speculation, unsupported by any evidence. Life in the legend The two-story wooden house where the tragedy occurred, is now a hotel Lizzie Bed & Breakfast. The name -“Bed and Breakfast from Lizzie”- means that the so-called”hotel for one night.” Room prices range from 150 to 250 dollars per day, but there is no release from interested persons. Trying to save the situation. Stay at home plunge into the life of Puritan New England turn of XIX and XX centuries – spend the night on an old rough beds and get a modest breakfast, such as being on the table at Lizzie. You’re not going to go down to the common table? Lizzie never done. The most popular among the former residents living room, where he was killed by Andrew Borden. There is still a sofa, where his body was found. However, in the residential area reserved for guests, all furniture can be stylized. Objects, which really touched Miss Borden, are in the museum, which occupies part of the same house. However, some guests complain that they feel uncomfortable. They hear a woman crying at night and see the silhouette of a woman, dressed in the fashion of a bygone, which wipes the dust or veiled bed. Sometimes screens heard the door or stomping steps. And spend the night in the former living room she reported that the headboard itself appeared inscription:”I killed LB”Involved if the current owners – Josephine McGinn and her husband – a hoax, or individual guests who like”terrible”corners of America, overdeveloped imagination? It is unknown. One way or another, but the hand nobody caught the owners. Of course, at the hotel and throughout the city, and offers an abundance of souvenirs, among which an important place will be portraits of Lizzie. There is also a map of Fall River, with its memorable places. It denotes the church that she attended Sunday school, where she worked. On the banks of the river marks the spot where she liked to go fishing, and the path to this place called the”Path of Lizzie.” At the grave of Miss Borden almost always see fresh flowers. History of Lizzie Borden mentioned in his books Sidney Sheldon, Stephen King, Agatha Christie, Carter Brown, Rex Stout, Robert Shackley, Anne Rice and many other writers. There are ballet and opera is about the tragedy in Fall River. In honor of Lizzie called once popular American rock band. About this story filmed three movies. The main lesson of this story is not only that human life sometimes hangs in the balance, but also how difficult it is sometimes to find the truth. 12 men judged as Lizzie jury recognized her innocence, though certainly they had doubts. What was more appropriate in their situation – acquitted the accused against whom there is no direct evidence, or to send her to the gallows? What is the price of the presumption of innocence? That is a question that everyone must answer for himself. Original text Contribute a better translation
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