Miriam Makeba

Submitted by on Oct 5, 2015

Contents

The Early Years

Born in Johannesburg, 4 March 1932. Her parents belonged to a group of Bantu peoples. My mother was of the Swazi nation. gave the name of Swaziland. His father, who died when Miriam was 6 years old, belonged to the Xhosa people. As a child she studied singing Miriam Makeba in the preparatory Kilmerton Institute in Pretoria. who attended for 8 years.

Initially, Miriam Makeba has toured with an amateur group. Her professional career began with the 50-ies of XX century in the South African group Manhattan Brothers. She then formed his own group, The Skylarks, performing a blend of jazz and traditional melodies of South Africa.

In 1959, together with Hugh Masekela future husband participated in the musical “King Kong.”Although Miriam Makeba was already a successful singer, she received little money for each entry, without receiving any royalties. Therefore, to continue a career she wanted to leave for the United States. The turning point came when filming a documentary in 1959″Come back Africa” ​​independent author Lionel Rogozin. Miriam Makeba visited Venice Film Festival. the premiere of the movie.

After leaving South Africa, Miriam Makeba moved to London where she met Harry Belafonte. who helped her gain fame and become famous in America. There she recorded many of his famous hits, including such as “Pata Pata», «The Click Song» («Kongkotveyn”Xhosa language),”Malaika”. In 1966 together with Harry Belafonte won a Grammy Award for best album in ethnic (folk) style. The award-winning album, An Evening With Belafonte / Makeba ( An Evening with Belafonte and Makeba ) was devoted to the deplorable situation of the black population of South Africa.

When in 1960 in connection with the death of his mother Miriam Makeba tried to return to South Africa, she discovered that her passport canceled. In 1963, after a speech at the United Nations against apartheid. she was deprived of South African citizenship and the right to return to the country. In this regard, she was granted honorary citizenship of the ten countries, it had nine passports.

In 1968, she married Trinidad activist, civil rights Stokely Carmichael. This marriage was criticized in the US, resulting in the cancellation of already scheduled recordings and concert singer. In this regard, the couple moved to Guinea. where they became close friends of the family of President Ahmed Sekou Toure. After her divorce from her husband in 1973, Miriam Makeba continued performances mainly in Africa, South America and Europe. She performed during the famous meeting Muhammad Ali and George Foreman in Zaire in 1974. There was also a representative of Guinea to the United Nations, for which he received the Dag Hammarskjöld Prize in 1986.

The Return to South Africa

In 1990, Nelson Mandela persuaded Miriam Makeba to return home. In November 1991, she participated as invited guests in the Bill Cosby Show, starring in the episode “Olivia comes out of incarceration.” In 1992, she starred in one of the main roles in the film Sarafina! of youth riots in 1976 in South Africa. She has also participated in a documentary in 2002 «Amandla. A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony », where, together with the other participants recalled the days of apartheid.

In January 2000, her album “Motherland» ( Homeland ), released in South Africa, was nominated for a Grammy in the category “Best International Album”. In 2001 she was awarded the Medal of the world the name Otto Hahn for “outstanding services in the field of struggle for peace and understanding between peoples.” In 2002 he divided the Polar Music Prize with Sofia Gubaidulina Russian citizen. In 2004 she was elected as the 38th in the list of one hundred prominent South Africans. In 2005, the beginning of a farewell world tour with concerts in all the countries that attended during the years of his artistic career. According to some reports, in his later years he suffered from arthritis.

November 10, 2008 Miriam Makeba felt ill during the performance of his part of which took place in Italy. near the town of Caserta. precast concert. The concert was organized to support writer Roberto Saviano in his opposition to the Camorra. Neapolitan mafia organization. With the singer suffered a heart attack after performing her famous hit “Pata Pata» ( Pata Pata ). She was taken to the hospital, but treatment was unsuccessful and the next day, Miriam Makeba has died.

Miriam MakebaMiriam Makeba
Miriam MakebaMiriam Makeba
Miriam MakebaMiriam Makeba

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