Maya Angelou

Submitted by on Sep 15, 2015

Maya the angel

6 readers Mar. 1

Born: April 4, 1928 St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Died: on May 28 2014 g of.

Professor, poet, novelist, memoirist, director, actress, historian, educator and fighter for civil rights.

Maya the angel was born April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. In three years, his parents divorced and dispersed. At the age of 8 years Maya was sexually abused by her mother’s roommate. A family friend of Mrs. Bertha Flowers acquainted with the works of Maya writers like Dickens, Shakespeare, Poe, as well as the black poets Francis Harper and Annie Spencer. With thirteen Maya the angel studied and worked in San Francisco. He won a scholarship to study dance and drama. At seventeen, she gave birth to the first son. Margaret had to work hard to ensure that the child, sometimes even had to engage in prostitution. She worked in a nightclub, where he chose the alias’ the angel of the Maya. “Maya – the nickname given to her older brother -“my-a sister.

In 1954-55 Maya toured Europe with a production of the opera “Porgy and Bess”. She studied modern dance at the Martha Graham, danced with Alvin Ailey on television shows. In 1957 he recorded the first album, ‘Miss Calypso’.

In the late 1950s, the angel entered the Harlem Writers Guild, where she met with James Baldwin, who became a friend and mentor of Maya. Hearing in 1960, Martin Luther King’s speech, she joined the Civil Rights Movement, and became one of the focal points.

In the early 1960s, Maia went to Cairo, where she became an assistant editor of the weekly ‘Arab observer’. Then she worked as an instructor at the School of Dance and Drama at the University of Ghana, editor of the newspaper ‘Africa Review’. She wrote and staged plays, learn a foreign language.

In 1964, Maya returns to the US to help Malcolm Axa Organization of Afro-American Unity to create, but to kill him. In 1968, King asked her to organize a demonstration, but he too was killed. A meeting with an old friend James Baldwin was inspired to write her autobiography, “I know why the caged bird sing ‘, which brought her fame and international recognition.

While filming in movies and acting in television shows, in parallel to the angel wrote and released the music for the 1972 movie “Georgia, Georgia ‘. The script, written by African-American woman who was the first on which made the film, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize.

In 1973, the angel of the Maya moved to California. It began the most productive period for her, as a writer, poet and composer. She wrote articles, stories, TV scripts, poems, plays, and lectures at universities. In 1977, the angel appeared in a supporting role in the TV miniseries “Roots.” And in 1981 he received a professorship from the University of Wake Forest.

Since the mid-80s and in the 90s Maya actively engaged in teaching activities. In 1996 he made his first film as a director – “Down the delta.”In 1993, at the inauguration of President Clinton, broadcast to the world, she read his poem”On the pulse of the morning ‘.

Dr the angel was awarded the Medal of Arts and the Lincoln Medal and three times received the prize Grammy. Her total of more than 30 honorary titles.

Maya Angelou (Angelou, Maya) (p. 1928), an African-American writer. He distinguished himself as a poet, historian, songwriter, playwright, teacher, dancer, producer of films and performances, director, actress, singer. Human rights activists. Born on April 4, 1928 in g.Sent Louis (pcs. Of Missouri). She worked as a cook, a tram conductor, bartender, dancer.

Angela’s voice sounded powerfully in modern literature. It is called the Renaissance type woman. In 1954-1955 she played in Porgy and Bess during a tour of 22 countries in 1957 – in the off-Broadway production of the play The heat Calypso (Calipso Heatwave), in 1960, was occupied in the play Black (The Blacks). Its first literary works began to play. Two-act drama paltry (The Least of These) was set in Los Angeles in 1966. It owns and tear inside the play (The Clawing Within, 1966) and the two-act musical Amissa ajo (Adjoa Amissah, 1967).

I know why the caged bird sings (I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings), a chronicle of her life up to 16 years (ending with the birth of the son of Guy), was published in 1970 and brought financial and literary success. Many of the stories is very gloomy, for example the one where it is recognized that in the age of eight, was raped by a friend and the mother of five years could not speak, but at the same time, the book tells the story of the awakening of personality in the young Angela. I know why the caged bird sings was nominated in 1970 for the National Book Award and remains the most famous work of the writer.

Her first book of poetry – Give me a sip of cool water before I die (Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ‘fore I Die, 1971) and in 1972 was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. Next – two volumes of autobiography, gather in my name (Gether Together in My Name, 1974) and Sing, dance, fun as Christmas (Singin and Swingin ‘and Letting Merry Like Christmas, 1976), telling about parting with youth and youth-related avant-garde theater of the 1950s. The second book of poetry, Pray that my wings have not given up (Oh Pray My Wings Are Gonna Fit Me Well), published in 1975, the third, and still I go up (And Still I Rise), – in 1978; title poem was first staged as a one-act musical in Oakland (Calif.) in 1976.

In 1981, Angelou published a book woman’s heart (The Heart of a Woman), tells the story of the 1960s. Critics refer to a woman’s heart the best works of Angela. For this book, followed by a collection of poems Shaker, why do not you sing? (Shaker, Why Do not You Sing. 1983).

The fifth autobiography, All God’s children need hiking boots (All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes, 1986) Angela describes his four-year stay in Ghana.

In 1993, at the request of President Bill Clinton Angelou wrote a poem on the pulse of the morning (On the Pulse of Morning). In the same year there was a book of her autobiographical essays Now I would go on a trip without luggage (Would not Take Nothing for My Journey Now). In 1994 it published a complete collection of her poetry (Complete Collecteve Poems).

Angela – the author of several children’s books: Here Sheba sings (Now Sheba Sings the Song, 1987), I was not afraid of life (Life Does not Frighten Me, 1993), with illustrations Michel Basquiat, a collection of poems soul looks back in wonder ( Soul Looks Back in Wonder, 1994), painted my house, my friends – chicken and I (My Painted House, My Friendly Chicken and Me, 1994).

Angela became the first black female director in Hollywood, played in the film, theater and television. Writer and producer of a number of documentaries, including African-Americans in the arts (Afro-Americans in the Arts), awarded the prize “Golden EagleĀ».

In 1959-1960, at the request of Martin Luther King was a focal point in the northern states of the human rights organization the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. In 1975-1976 on the orders of President Dzh.Forda was part of a commission for the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the United States; He was later appointed by President Jimmy Carter a member of the Commission for the celebration of International Women’s Year. Angela has been a visiting professor at many American universities in 1981 was appointed professor of American life Wake Forest universitetata in Winston-Salem (pcs. North. Carolina).

References

Autobiography:

Shaker, Why Do not You Sing, 1983.

Now Sheba Sings the Song, 1987.

I Shall Not Be Moved, 1990.

“Life does not frighten me”, 1991

“We Had Him”, in 2009.

Lessons in Living, 1993.

Would not Take Nothing for My Journey Now, in 1993.

Even the Stars Look Lonesome, 1997.

Hallelujah! The Welcome Table, 2004.

Mother: A Cradle to Hold Me, 2006.

Letter to My Daughter, 2008

Children’s books:

Mrs. Flowers: A Moment of Friendship (selection from I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings), illustrated by Etienne Delessert, 1986.

Life Does not Frighten Me (poem), edited by Sara Jane Boyers, illustrated by Jean-Michel Basquiat, 1993.

Soul Looks Back in Wonder (with others), illustrated by Tom Feelings, 1993.

My Painted House, My Friendly Chicken and Me, photographs by Margaret Courtney-Clarke, 1994.

Kofi and His Magic, photographs by Margaret Courtney-Clarke, 1996.

Maya’s World series, illustrated by Lizzy Rockwell, 2004.

Cabaret for Freedom (musical revue), with Godfrey Cambridge, produced at Village Gate Theatre, New York, 1960.

The Least of These (two-act drama), produced in Los Angeles, in 1966.

The Best of These (drama), 1966.

The Clawing Within (two-act drama), 1966.

Gettin ‘up Stayed on My Mind, 1967

Adjoa Amissah (two-act musical), 1967

Sophocles, Ajax (two-act drama), produced at Mark Taper Forum, Los Angeles, 1974.

And Still I Rise (one-act musical), produced in Oakland, Calif. 1976.

Theatrical Vignette (one-act play), 1983.

King, (lyrics, with Alistair Beaton) book by Lonne Elder III, music by Richard Blackford, produced in London, in 1990.

Gather Together in My Name (1974)

Singin ‘and Swingin’ and Gettin ‘Merry Like Christmas (1976)

The Heart of a Woman (1981)

All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986)

and A Song Flung Up to Heaven (2002)

Give me a sip of cool water before I die (Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water ‘fore I Die, 1971)

Get together in my name (Gether Together in My Name, 1974)

We sing, dance, have fun as Christmas (Singin and Swingin ‘and Letting Merry Like Christmas, 1976)

Pray that my wings have not given up (Oh Pray My Wings Are Gonna Fit Me Well) (1975)

Still, I will go up (And Still I Rise) (1978)

A woman’s heart (The Heart of a Woman)

Shaker, why do not you sing? (Shaker, Why Do not You Sing. 1983).

All of God’s children need hiking boots (All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes, 1986)

Now, I have not gone on a trip without luggage (Would not Take Nothing for My Journey Now)

Here Sheba sings (Now Sheba Sings the Song, 1987)

I am not afraid of life (Life Does not Frighten Me, 1993)

The soul looks back in wonder (Soul Looks Back in Wonder, 1994)

Maya AngelouMaya Angelou
Maya AngelouMaya Angelou
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