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Born: November 18, 1939 Ottawa
Atwood, Margaret Eleanor (Eng. Atwood, Margaret Eleanor ) (p. 1939), a Canadian writer and critic. One of the leading figures on the international literary scene, her works translated into more than 20 languages. While the women are heroines Atwood, her works are universal theme: missed opportunities, not a relationship, the ghosts of the past in the present, ignorance and lack of understanding, complicating the existence of people.
She was born November 18, 1939 in Ottawa. In 1961 he received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Toronto in 1962 – a master’s degree at the College of Radcliffe in Cambridge (Mass., USA). She has taught at various universities in Canada.
The work of his father, an entomologist by profession, forced the family Atwood climb into the most remote, uninhabited areas of the Canadian North, which had a decisive influence on the future work of the writer. In the early collections of poetry, his first book Double Persephone (Double Persephone, 1961), as well as collection of children’s play (The Circle Game, 1966 Governor General’s Awards, 1966) and Beasts in this country (Animals in That Country, 1968) , Atwood celebrates the natural world, condemns the commitment to material interests. With delight greeted by criticism, her first novel, a piece of cake (The Edible Woman, 1969), demonstrated the ability to recreate the outer side of the life of a modern woman. Her character (“tidbit”) feels like a victim, embodying an “average woman” that the consumer society perceives as a faceless thing.
In the early 1970s, Atwood has actively participated in the revival of Canadian literature, being the editor of the publishing house “Anansi Press”and political cartoonist in the left magazine”Zis Magazine.”Her Diaries of Susanna Moodie (The Journals of Susanna Moodie, 1970) became a poetic version of autobiographical sketches made in the 1830s by the first settlers in the province of Ontario, whose dread of wild and hostile wilderness pretends eventually in love, albeit at the cost of great Victims . The poems of the book How to behave under the ground (Procedures for Underground, 1970) and are based on the metaphor of”isolation.” With grim sarcasm Atwood formulates his militant feminism in a poetic collection of power politics (Power Politics, 1971).
The second novel Atwood, Comprehension (Surfacing, 1972), prompted critics to compare her to Dzh.Konradom and Dzh.Diki: like them, ruthless and incomprehensible nature puts a person (in this case a woman) a moral dilemma. Then, in the early 1970s, Atwood published a pioneering study of Survival: Subject Canadian literature (Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature, 1972) and the poetry collection you happy (You Are Happy, 1974), a reworking of Homer’s Odyssey as Circe would have written, which indicates a desire to revise the mythological subjects and images from feminist perspective.
Roman oracle Woman (Lady Oracle, 1976) is notable in almost surrealistic manner shown gluttony and cheap parody Pseudo Romance Studies. Problematic status of women has been the subject of stories, compiled a collection Dancing Girls (Dancing Girls, 1977). The slow narrative of the novel to the human life (Life Before Man, in 1979) is based on the events of the inner life, united lyrical overtones, reflecting in detail the scene of the book – the Royal Ontario Museum.
Political activity Atwood as vice-chairman of the Canadian Association of Writers (1980), President of the British-Canadian national PEN Center (1984-1986) and member of the organization “Amnesty International” has led to her involvement in the 1980s in the fight totalitarianism and censorship on an international level and identify the contents of her poetry book True Stories (True Stories, 1981), reflected also in the novel Injury (Bodily Harm, 1982), which takes place during the political unrest in one of the islands in the Caribbean. In both books there are prisons and torture and sounds convinced that the responsibility for the doers of wickedness in the world are all the people.
Articles and reviews Atwood Secondary word made book (Second Words, 1982). In the second collection of stories Bluebeard’s Castle (Bluebird’s Castle, 1983) from the arsenal of artistic techniques tales reveal the cruelty and sexist images are fabulous. On the same topic (violence “based on sex”) reflects the writer’s prose in poems included in the book Murder in the Dark (Murder in the Dark, 1984).
In 1985 was published the most famous novel, Atwood The Handmaid’s Tale (The Handmaid’s Tale). The response of the press were unanimously enthusiastic. Like the novels Brave New World (Brave New World), and Huxley Dzh.Oruella 1984, the book has become a classic of modern literature. Difficult to label it a genre, it viewed as “fantasy” about the future, a story-warning feminist treatise. The book draws the nightmarish patriarchal theocracy that was created with the assistance of men and women deprived of their liberty and those of others, responding to all these characteristics, though not limited to them. Roman brought Atwood second Governor General’s Awards (1986) and was successfully filmed in 1990.
Atwood also belong novels Cat’s Eye (Cat’s Eye, 1988), Bride-thief (The Robber Bride, 1993), and others. In 2000, she received the prestigious “Booker” for his novel The Blind Assassin (Blind Assassin) – a family saga, which is mounted in a science fiction novel.
For Selected Poems (Selected Poems, 1976) and a collection of new poems Moon (Interlunar, 1984) followed Selected Poems II (1986), Selected Poems. 1966-1984 (1990) and Poems by Margaret Atwood. 1965-1975 (Margaret Atwood Poems 1965-1975, 1991). Morning in the burnt house (Morning in the Burned House, 1995), the first collection of poems 1985-1995, testified about new sources of inspiration Atwood-poet.
Her other works include collections of short stories Tourist in the wilderness (Wilderness Tips, 1991) and Nice bones (Good Bones, 1992), as well as several children’s books and telepes.
1969 – Edible Woman / The Edible Woman
1972 – Comprehension / Surfacing
1976 – Madame Oracle / Lady Oracle
1979 – A man and a woman in the age of dinosaurs / Life Before Man (finalist for the Governor General’s Award)
1985 – The Handmaid’s Tale / The Handmaid’s Tale (winner of the 1987 Arthur C. Clarke Award and in 1985 Governor General’s Award, finalist for the 1986 Booker Prize)
1988 – Cat’s Eye (finalist for the 1988 Governor General’s Award and the 1989 Booker Prize)
1993 – The Robber Bride (finalist for the 1994 Governor General’s Award and shortlisted for the James Tiptree, Jr. Award)
1996 -. She’s “Grace” / Alias Grace (winner of the 1996 Giller Prize, finalist for the 1996 Booker Prize and the 1996 Governor General’s Award, shortlisted for the 1997 Orange Prize for Fiction)
2000 – The Blind Assassin / The Blind Assassin (winner of the 2000 Booker Prize and finalist for the 2000 Governor General’s Award, shortlisted for the 2001 Orange Prize for Fiction.)
2003 – Oryx and Crake / Oryx and Crake (finalist for the 2003 Booker Prize and the 2003 Governor General’s Award and shortlisted for the 2004 Orange Prize for Fiction.)
2005 – Penelopiada / The Penelopiad (nominated for the 2006 Mythopoeic Fantasy Award for Adult Literature and longlisted for the 2007 IMPAC Award)
2009 – Year of the Flood / The Year of the Flood (Oryx and Crake companion, longlisted for the 2011 IMPAC Award)
2013 – Bezzumny Addam / MaddAddam (third novel in Oryx and Crake trilogy)
2015 – The Heart Goes Last
1977 – Devourer of sins / Dancing Girls (winner of the St. Lawrence Award for Fiction and the award of The Periodical Distributors of Canada for Short Fiction)
1983 – Murder in the Dark
1991 – Wilderness Tips (finalist for the Governor General’s Award)
1992 – Good Bones
1978 – Two-Headed Poems
1981 – True Stories
1983 – Love Songs of a Terminator
1983 – Snake Poems
1984 – Interlunar
1984 – Selected Poems 1966-1984 (Canada)
1986 – Selected Poems II: 1976-1986 (US)
1995 – Morning in the Burned House, McClelland & amp; Stewart