Leonard Bernstein

Submitted by on Sep 7, 2015

Leonard Bernstein – biography

Leonard Bernstein (Bernstein) (1918-1990) – American conductor, pianist and composer. He conducted many orchestras in 1958-1969 chief conductor of the New York Philharmonic. The first performer of many works by contemporary American composers, including his own music. Ballet, symphony, musical Musical (English musical) – musical-stage work that uses different means of pop and popular music, drama, dance and opera. Genre formed in the US in 1920-30 years, the heyday came in the 1940-1960-ies (Cole Porter, Frederick Loewe, Leonard Bernstein and others.). (“West Side Story”, 1957, et al.), The music for the movie, and others.

Leonard Bernstein was born August 25, 1918 (Lawrence County, State – in a number of countries (USA, Mexico and other) the name of the state territorial unit constituent Mass. ). Virgo. He studied at Harvard University (1939), then to the Curtis Institute of Music (Philadelphia), improved in conducting with Russian conductor, bassist and music activist Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky. In 1943-1944 he was the assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, in 1945-1948 chief conductor of Central Orchestra of New York City.

A. Bernstein conducted all the major orchestras of the world. Participated as a conductor Conducting (from the French diriger – control) – Control music and performing groups (orchestra, chorus, etc.) When learning and public performance of musical works.

Implemented conductor (conductor, choirmaster) with special gestures and facial expressions. The nature and style of conducting reflect personality traits conductor, his understanding of the music. in contemporary music festivals (Prague, Amsterdam), performed works by American composers. In the years 1958-1969 chief conductor of the New York Philharmonic. In 1959 he toured the Soviet Union. He played with the performance of his works as a pianist and conductor.

Leonard B. – The author of ballets, symphonies (“Jeremiah”1942,”The Age of anxiety”, 1949), musicals to Broadway theaters (in Vol. h. “West Side Story”, 1957), vocal cycles, church music, instrumental pieces, songs and music for the film Film (from the Greek kineo – move, move) – part of the compound word, indicating a connection with cinematography, such as cinema. .

Leonard Bernstan died October 14, 1990, in New York.

For more information about Leonard Bernstane read in the literature References [Latin lit (t) eratura, literally – written] – works of literature, of public importance (eg, fiction, nonfiction, epistolary literature ).

Most understand the literature under the artistic literary production (fiction, matching the 19th century – “belles lettres”). In this sense, literature – art phenomenon (“the art of speech”), aesthetically expressing the public consciousness and in turn shaping it. (a foreign language):

  • Ewen D. Leonard Bernstein, A biography for Young People, 2 ed. N. Y. 1967;
  • Briggs J. Leonard Bernstein, the man, his work and his world, Cleveland – NY in 1961.

As well as the meaning and origin of the name of Leonard.

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