Kishore Kumar – Biography
Kishore Kumar (Eng. Kishore Kumar, real name – abhasa Kumar Ganguly, Eng. Abhas Kumar Ganguly, Abhas Kumar Kunjilal Ganguly, Beng. কিশোর কুমার গাঙ্গুলী ) (one thousand nine hundred twenty-nine – in 1987) – the famous Indian singer of Bengali origin, actor, poet, composer, producer, director and screenwriter. Considered one of the “golden voice”of the male voice-over performance of Indian cinema (along with Mann Deem, Mukesh and Mohammed Rafi). He sang in many Indian languages including Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada, Bhojpuri, Malayalam, Oriya and Urdu. He was awarded a number of film awards (including an 8-winning Filmfare Award for Best Male voiceover vocals . Holds the record in that category, for which he was introduced in the”Guinness Book of Records” as the holder of the greatest number of awards for his vocal ). He was awarded the prize of «Lata Mangeshkar Award» . The state government of Madhya Pradesh has set up in his honor prize entitled «Kishore Kumar Award» for his contribution to cinema in Hindi.
He was born August 4, 1929 in the town of Khandwa district, which is part of the Central Provinces and Berar (now – Madhya Pradesh). At birth he was named abhasa Kumar Ganguly. Kishori he became when he began to act in films.
His father Kundzhilal Ganguly (Kunjalal Ganguly (Gangopadhyay)) was a lawyer, and his mother Gauri Devi (Gouri Devi) came from a wealthy family of Bengali zamindars (landlords), who emigrated from Bengal. Almost all the men of the family were lawyers (his father, uncles, and others.), But Kishore and his brothers did not continue the family tradition. Kishore was the youngest of four children in the family. His older brothers – Ashok Kumar (Ashok Kumar (1911 – 2001)), and Anoop Kumar (Anoop Kumar (1926 – 1997)) – have been known film actor. Their sister Sati Devi (Sati Devi) (1916 .; grandmother actress Kajol) married producer Shashadhara Mukherjee (Sashadhar Mukherjee).
He studied first at Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi Prathamik Vidyalaya, and later in New High School. Then he enrolled in Indore Christian College, where I studied before his brother. Unlike other singers of his time, he did not have a classical music education.
Spending a lot of time with his brothers became interested in music and movies, becoming a fan of the “stars” of his time – Kundala Lal Saigal (Kundan Lal Saigal (1904 – 1947)), which is considered his guru, and tried to imitate his singing style.
At the age of 18 years and came to Bombay, where his elder brother Ashok Kumar was already a well-known movie actor. Kishore Kumar started his career as a comedian, but eventually focused solely on vocal career, what and succeeded: the best musicians of India have always responded with admiration about him, he had a talent not only sing well, but as it were combined with the actor and his manner. Kishore Kumar was also a director, actor, producer, writer, composer, and just a good friend to many of his colleagues.
In 1950, composer Sachin Dev Burman visited Ashok Kumar’s house, where he heard Kishore Kumar imitates Saygalu. Boorman praised Kishore and advised him to develop his own style instead of copying. Eventually he developed his own style of singing – the famous «yodel» Kishore Kumar, which he has repeatedly demonstrated in his songs, as if emphasizing personal monopoly on this Tyrolean singing among Indian singers. By the way, this “business card” could not adopt any of Bollywood artists to this day. Composer S. Choudhury initially dismissive reacted to Kishore Kumar as a singer when he discovered that Kishore has not received professional musical education. However, after listening to his voice, Chowdhury entrusted him with the execution of the song «Chhota sa ghar hoga» . which first had to perform Hemant. The composer C. Ramchandra also recognized Kishore Kumar talent as a singer.
As the singer made his debut at the studio «Bombay Talkies» in the movie «Ziddi» (1948), in which he sang the song «Marne ki Duayen Kyon Mangu» for Dev Anand. After the success of the movie «Ziddi» Kishore sang vocals for a few more movies coming out, and made an unsuccessful debut as a film actor in quickly forgotten movie «Andolen» (1951). The composer Sachin Dev Burman invited him to participate in his film «Pyar» (1950), in which he sang the song for Raj Kapoor. Boorman also gave him the opportunity to sing a song «Qusoor Aapka» in the movie «Bahar» (1951), which became very popular. Soul song «Dukhi Man Mere» . sung by Kishore for the film “Fantush” (1956), it has become very popular. Kishore began to receive a lot of offers to sing in films, and he began to offer the role in the movie.
Kishore has played with the leading actresses of her time, such as Madhubala, with whom he starred in many films, including films of his own production, such as: “He who controls the machine”(1958) (in this film Kishore He starred with his brothers, and Madhubala), «Jhumroo» (1961) (for this film Kishore also wrote the music),”Discount ticket”(1962) (in this film Kishore has played one of his best roles), «Door Gagan ki Chaon Main »(1964). In addition to songs for their roles, Kishore sang for Dev Anand in the film”Saint”(1965),”Thief values”(1967),”My name is John”(1970),”Brothers and Sisters” (1971), and others.
The turning point in the career of Kishore Kumar was the famous film “Dedication”(1969) directed by Shakti Samantha with the”stars”of his time Sharmiloy Tagore and Rajesh Khanna in the lead roles. Despite the fact that the composer Boorman invited Kishore to the so-called second tier (the leading roles in the film singing Mohammed Rafi), songs performed with Kishore Kumar for the role of actor Rajesh Khanna «Mere Sapnon Ki Rani» («The queen of my dreams” ), «Kora Kagaz Tha Yeh Man Mera» and «Roop Tera Mastana» («Your beauty is intoxicating») have become real hits. Song «Roop Tera Mastana» earned the singer his first award «Filmfare Award» in the category for”Best Male voiceover vocal» .
In the 70 years of the singer Kishore Kumar and actor Rajesh Khanna was formed a very successful duo, and they released a lot of hits, including the films “dangling bonds”(1970),”Journey”(1970),”The elephants – my friends “(1971),”Gesture”(1971),”Immortal Love”(1972),”Life is wonderful”(1972),”The stone on the heart”(1974),”I swear to you”(1974),”Beloved”(1976 ), “In the shadow of your eyelashes”(1977),”I appeal to you”(1977),”A small betrayal”(1980),”Red Rose”(1980),”The Other Side of Love”(1981),”The confusion of the heart”(1982),”If you’re not with me”(1983),”The Second Wife”(1983),”A New Hope”(1984),”Priceless Gift” (1987).
Kishore Kumar was at the height of his fame until the end of his life and died as a result of extensive heart attack 13 October 1987 at the age of 58 years in Bombay.
Kishore Kumar was married four times.
The first wife – Bengali singer and actress Ruma Guha Takurta (Ruma Guha Thakurta) (1934 p.). Their marriage lasted from 1950 to 1958. In this marriage a son Amit Kumar (Amit Kumar) (1952 p.).
His second wife was the famous “movie star” of his time – Madhubala (Madhubala) (1933 – 1969). Together they starred in many films. When Kumar proposed to her, Madhubala was already seriously ill (she had found a rare disease – a hole in the heart) and had planned to go for treatment in London (the trip was in vain: the doctors refused to do the surgery, because her heart was already in poor condition) . Their civil marriage took place in 1960 because Kumar was a Bengali Hindu (Brahman) and Madhubala – Muslim. His parents refused to attend the ceremony. The pair also made a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony to please Kumar’s parents, but they never never took Madhubala as his wife. Just a month after their wedding Madhubala moved back to her home because of the tense situation in the intra-family Kumar. Their marriage ended Madhubala’s death on Feb. 23, 1969.
The third wife – actress Yogita Bali (Yogeeta Bali) (1952 p.). We got married in 1976, divorced August 4, 1978. (Yogita Bali vposledstii became the wife of Mithun Chakraborty).
His fourth wife was actress Lina Chandavarkar (Leena Chandavarkar) (1950), in which Kumar married in 1980. Kumar was older Lina more than 20 years, and she was older than his son Amit Kumar is only 2 years old. For Lina’s second marriage, her first husband died of accidental gunshot wound after a few days of marriage, leaving Lin’s widow at the age of 25 years. A few years later, Lin defied his father by agreeing to become the wife of Kishore Kumar. Lina’s father at first opposed this marriage, as Kumar was married three times and was much older than Lina. But soon, seeing his daughter happily married, the father of Lina took Kumar. At Lina and Kishor have a son Sumit Ganguly (Sumit Ganguly). Kishore died in 1987, leaving a widow Lina second time at the age of 37 years. Lena lives with her son Sumit, stepson Amit, his wife and mother Amita – Rumoy, former first wife Kishore Kumar.
As an actor Kishore Kumar starred in 86 films. Kishore Kumar was also a director and screenwriter 14 films, 6 of which have not been completed. He also produced 12 films, four of which have not been completed. Some of his notable works include the composer of the song «Koi Ham Dam Na Raha» . «Aa Chal Ke Tujhe» . «Beqarar Dil Tu Gaye Ja» . He also wrote several Bengali songs, including «Nayano Sarasi Keno» . «Priyatama Ki Likhi Tomay» (by Plate Mangeshkar), «Sei Raate Raat Chilo Poornima» .
As a singer Kishore Kumar sang more than 1,500 songs in about 574 films of Bollywood for the roles of artists such as Dev Anand, Dilip Kumar, Rajesh Khanna, Amitabh Bachchan, Dharmendra, Jitendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Vinod Khanna, Pran, Shashi Kapoor, Rishi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor, Sunny Deol, Sanjay Dutt, Rakesh Roshan, Anil Kapoor, Chunky Pandey, Kumar Gaurav, Jackie Shroff, Govinda, Mithun Chakraborty, et al.
Kishore Kumar sang songs to music by composers such as Sachin Dev Burman, his son Rahul Dev Burman, Khai, Rajesh Roshan, Bappoo Lahiri, tandems composers Kalyandzhi and Anandzhi, Laksmikant and Pyarelal, Shankar and Dzhaykishan, etc.
This is only a partial list of the singer performed songs:
The songs on the music composer SD Burman: «Phoolon Ke Rang Se» and «Shokhiyon Mein Ghola Jaaye» (the movie “War and Love”, 1969), «Aaj Madhosh Hua Jaaye Re», «Khilte Hain Gul Yahan »and« O Meri Sharmilee »(film”modest”, 1971),« Meet na mila »(the film”Pride”, 1973),« Jeevan ki Bagiya mehkegi »(the film”He and She”, 1974),« Badi Sooni Sooni Hai »(film”Miles”, 1975),« Ye Kori Kanwari »(the movie”Ocean”, 1986).
The songs on the music composer RD Burman: «Yeh Shaam Mastaani» and «Yeh Jo Mohabbat Hai» (film “dangling bonds”, 1971), «Raat Kali Ek Khwab Mein Aayi» (film «Buddha Mil Gaya» , 1971), «Chingari Koi Bhadke» (the film “Immortal Love”, 1972), «O Mere Dil Ke Chain» (the film “Life is wonderful”, 1972), «O Maajhi Re» (film “The Lost Wife”, 1975) , «Agar Tum Na Hote», «Hamen Aur Jeene Ki» (the film “If you’re not with me”, 1983), «Jab Bhi Koi Kangana» (film “lusty”, 1986), classical music in the songs «Mere Naina Saawan Bhadon »(the film”Beloved”, 1976) and« Hamein Tum Se Pyaar Kitna »(film”The Other Side of Love”, 1981).
The songs on the music by RD Burman in duets with Asha Bhosle and LaToya Mangeshkar: «Panna Ki Tamanna» (the film “Looking for Love”, 1973), «Neend Chura Ke Raaton Mein», «Shareef Budmaash», «Rimjhim Gire Sawan» (the film “I’m sorry, Aruna”, 1979), «Kya Yehi Pyaar Hai» (the film “Rocky”, 1981, debut film Sanjay Dutt), «Jaane Ja Dhoondta» and «Kharoshoo» (film «Harjai» 1982).
The songs on the music composer Khayyama duet with Latoya Mangeshkar: «Hazaar Raahein», «Aankhon Mein Humne Aapke Sapne Sajaye Hain» (the film “A small betrayal”, 1980), «Chandani Raat Mein Ek Bar» (film “The confusion of the heart “1982),« Zindagi Aa Raha Hoon Main »(the film”Torch”, 1984).
The songs on the music composer Rajesh Roshan: «Dil Kya Kare» (the film “Julie”, 1975), «Chhookar Mere Mann Ko» (film “strong friendship”, 1981), «Dakan Ki Ek Haseena» (the movie “Top down “, 1985).
The songs on the music duo of composers Kalyandzhi and Anandzhi: «Zindagi Ka Safar», «Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhein» (film “The Journey”, 1970), «Pal Bhar Ke Liye» (film “My name is John,”1970) , «Mile Mile Do Badan, Khile Khile Do Chaman», «Pal Pal Dil Ke Paas Tum Rehti Ho» (film”Blackmail”, 1973), «O Saathi Re» (the film “Lord of Destiny”, 1978), «Neele Neele Ambar Par »(music based on the songs of the Tamil original composer Ilayaradzhi),« O Gori Teri Jawani »,« Khoye Khoye Rahe »(film”The Artist”, 1983).
The songs on the music duo of composers Laksmikant and Pyarelal: «Chal Chal Chal Mere Saathi», «Meherbano Qadardano» (the movie “Elephants – my friends”, 1971), «Mere Dil Mein Aaj» (the film “Stone heart”1974), «Gaadi Bola Rahi Hai» (the film”Friend”, 1975), «Aap Ke Anurodh» (the film “I appeal to you”, 1978), «Om Shanti Om» (the film “Debt of Honor”, 1981), “To Phir Ho Jaaye »(the film” First Child”, 1987),« Kaate Nahin Katte Ye Din Ye Raat »(the film”Mr. India”, 1987).
The songs on the music composer Bappoo Lahiri: «Pag Ghunghroo Bandh» (film “faithful servant”, 1982), «Manzilein Apni Jaga» (film “The Drunkard”, 1984), «Albela Mausamand Pyar Ka Tohfa» (film “The Gift “1984).
Filmfare Award for Best Male voiceover vocals – category of the oldest and most prestigious film awards in Bollywood (industry Hindi films) Filmfare Awards . Kishore Kumar belongs to the largest number of awards won in this category: 8 wins (second only to Mohammed Rafi (6 wins)), and the highest number of nominations (27), he also holds the record number of nominations in one year (4).
1970 – the song «Roop Tera Mastana» from the film “Dedication”, composer Sachin Dev Burman, author of the text of words (poems) Anand Bakshi.
1976 – the song «Dil Aisa Kisi» from the film “Lost”, the composer Shyamal Mitra, author of the text of words (poems) Indivar.
1979 – the song «Khaike Paan Banaraswala» from the movie “mafia boss”, composers and Kalyandzhi Anandzhi, author of the text of words (poems), Anjan.
1981 – the song «Hazar Rahen Mudke Dekhi» from the movie “A small betrayal,” Khai composer, lyricist words (poems) Gulzar.
1983 – the song «Pag Ghungroo Baje» from the film “faithful servant” Lahiri Bappoo composer, lyricist words (poems), Anjan.
1984 – the song «Hamen Aur Jeene Ki» from the movie “If you’re not with me,” the composer Rahul Dev Burman, author of the text of words (poems) Gulshan Bavra.
1985 – the song «Manzilein Apni Jaga» from the movie “The Drunkard” Lahiri Bappoo composer, lyricist words (poems), Anjan.
1986 – the song «Saagar Kinare» from the film “Sea of Love”, the composer Rahul Dev Burman, author of the text of words (poems) Javed Akhtar.
Other awards: 4 Award Bengal Journalists Association (Bengal Film Journalists’ Association Awards), and others.