Jackson Pollock

Submitted by on Oct 9, 2015

Jackson Pollock. Biography

Jackson Pollock in the studio

The abstract work of American artist Paul Jackson Pollock, during the life of not only earned him great fame, but also a number of violent indignation of critics who claimed that his work does not have any relation to the art.

Born future leader of abstract expressionism January 28, 1912 Place of residence of the family has changed frequently, t. To. its head could not decide on a permanent occupation, and at the time of the birth of Paul Pollock lived in Cody Wyoming.

special talent for painting was not a young man, he knew that, but the “American”character even more convinced to act against the”rules”, and at sixteen, Paul enrolled in the Los Angeles-based Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague. Study lasted about a year, during which the student behaved disgracefully, for which he was expelled from the institution.

Moving to New York, undertaken in 1930, Pollock was the decisive milestone not only in his creative life but also the beginning of the personal tragedy of an irresistible attraction to alcohol. Painting lessons from Thomas Benton, artist, defended the realistic direction, influenced the style of Pollock’s early paintings (“Night pasture”), but, unfortunately, alcoholism teacher adversely affected the ward.

During the 1930s. Pollock is looking for an individual style, subject painting in his work gradually disappears, becomes noticeable influence of European avant-garde, but the “inspiration”comes in … a psychiatric hospital, where he was after heavy drinking sessions. In 1938, Pollock placed in hospital, filled a lot of albums in which he transferred his nightmares and visions, to visit him from the field beyond. Now,”the creative alliance” with the world, first make the artist famous, and then demand exorbitant fee – life.

outline created in a mental hospital, Pollock was able to prove that the accusations of his lack of any ability to draw – unfounded, t. To. In the images transmitted to them freely guessed prototypes of real things.

At the hospital the artist has decided to break with the pernicious addiction, which turned to the teachings of Jung and Freud, and so thoroughly that the theory of psychoanalysis, in conjunction with the “renewal” of consciousness, and became practically one basis of his work, which I brought him fame.

a landmark, was a meeting with the artist John Graham, an employee of the Metropolitan Museum, became interested in the mystical side of Pollock’s paintings; Soon the museum caretaker played an important role in creating a new image of the artist, who not only creates paintings, but also communicate with the other world. After Graham Pollock met with Lee Krasner – artist, who later became his wife, and “guide” in the world of the New York avant-garde.

The new dating Pollock allowed him to take part in the exhibition organized in 1943 by Peggy Guggenheim and his painting “verbatim figure” was well received by critics, and at the end of the same year, the first solo exhibition of the artist, in which he first tasted the fruits of this glory. During this period Pollock had just developed his own personal style of abstract painting. Also, experts noted that for all the originality of his manner, in his paintings a strong presence surrealism, and with it the grotesque images of Picasso.

Despite the fact that the advanced American public enthusiastically accepted the work of Pollock, his paintings at that time had no financial success, except for the product under the name “Number 5. 1948” (currently the amount paid at auction for the job , still a record).

In 1945, after the official marriage to Lee Krasner, the couple settled on Long Island, where began the most fruitful period of his work, and the opening of t. n. “Drip”method of creating works, which brought him international fame. With all the”revolutionary”of this method, we should not forget that the”drip technique” has been used by Max Ernst, and with different methods of applying the material to the surface, Pollock experimented before under the leadership of the Mexican master Siqueiros.

By 1951 the old machinery featured artist untenable, he focuses creative research in a new direction, combining abstraction to surrealism. During this period, the paint on the canvases were “dark,”and then, and generally gave way to black. Depression intensified, over a two-year”breather” from alcohol.

By the mid-1950s. Pollock practiced broad strokes, performing their energetic movements. Works sometimes merely numbered, and it is, in my opinion, was to introduce the viewer to the very “essence” of the picture.

postponed from day to day, the tragic end to which the artist moved from the comfort of “alcoholic haze”, occurred August 11, 1956 when he crashed in an accident driving your own car. There is a version that it could be suicide.

Jackson PollockJackson Pollock
Jackson PollockJackson Pollock
Jackson PollockJackson Pollock

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