Isabella Castillo

Submitted by on Sep 16, 2015

Antonio Canovas del Castillo

Antonio Canovas del Castillo

The two-party system Canovas in terms of the opposition.

The murder of Antonio Canovas Italian anarchist Michele Anzhiolilo. The image of the magazine at the time.

The killer Antonio Canovas Italian anarchist and publicist Michelle Anzhiolilo.

The monument in front of the Senate, Antonio Canovas in Madrid.

Here is buried Antonio Canovas. Mausoleum of the work of the Spanish sculptor Agustín Carol. 1906.

Antonio Canovas del Castillo was born on 8 February 1828 in Malaga. His father, Antonio Canovas Garcia was a teacher, a native of the town of Orihuela (Alicante Province), the mother of Juan del Castillo and Estebanes, cousin Serafina Estebanesa Calderon – a writer, poet and politician. Antonio Canovas lost his father at the age of fifteen. In 1845 he moved to Madrid, where he helps his uncle Serafin Estebanes Calderon. He studies at the Faculty of the University of Madrid. In addition to the law deals with the history and literature. In 1854 he published his work “History of the Spanish decadence».

Before the revolution.

Starting his political life, he comes close to Leopold O’Donnell, Spanish politician. July 7, 1854 Antonio Canovas was Mansanaresky manifesto, which was signed Leopold O’Donnell. This manifesto was demanded political reform, in fact, it was an attempt to commit pronunciamento that were so characteristic of Spain, have been unsuccessful. The situation in the country was so unstable that even after trying to come to power by military coup was unsuccessful, you can safely continue to sit in the Cortes, and even to be appointed minister.

Also in 1854 he was elected to the Cortes from Malaga, as a member of the Liberal Union. During the reign of Queen Isabella II Antonio Canovas twice held positions in the Cabinet. In 1864 he was interior minister, and in 1865 the Minister of Colonies.

Preparation of the Bourbon Restoration.

After the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in the person of carefree Queen Isabella II in 1868. Antonio Canovas is slowly but surely beginning to the preparation and implementation of its plan to restore in Spain a constitutional monarchy, the king’s son, he sees Isabella liberal-minded young Alfonso. Antonio Canovas achieved that Isabella II abdicated in favor of his son. Over time, more and more different Spanish political currents took towards the Canovas and his plan for the restoration of the Bourbons in Spain. From 1868 to 1874 the Spanish events boiled very rapidly. Until 1870 the authorities have alternately been several generals, then the Spaniards found a king in Italy. Amadeo I abdicated in early 1873. It was proclaimed First Spanish Republic. It briefly. The confusion was complete, the Stability and speech could not be. Meanwhile Canovas was with Alfonso, he watched his reputation until the relationship with the girls. The future king was growing very promising – Catholic but liberal views; that is necessary for Spain. In 1874 was announced, drawn up by Canovas, Sandhurstsky manifesto in which he called for the restoration of the monarchy in Spain, as the monarch offered to Alfonso XII, while the monarchy was to be limited not only by the Constitution, but also by Parliament. Canovas was a supporter of this idea, he peeped in England, but it is artificial planting later in his homeland, he has achieved a resemblance.

Plant young king on the throne Canovas was possible thanks to the good old pronunciamento. And though he tried in every way to fight the vestiges of the past in Spanish politics, came to power in a military coup. Pronunciamento committed General Arsenio Martinez Campos, passionate ideas about the restoration of the Bourbon Canovas.

December 29, 1874 Alfonso XII was proclaimed King of the army, and January 14, 1875 entered Madrid. This short formal head was Canovas in Madrid.

The new constitution on June 30, 1876.

The author of the 1876 Constitution was Manuel Alonso Martinez, a supporter of the ideas of Canovas, a politician and a lawyer. By the way it existed before the Second Spanish Republic, proclaimed in 1931. The new constitution is flexible and has contributed to the implementation of the plan for the implementation of the two-party system of governance in the country in the English style.

Canovas himself led the Conservatives, the Liberals also led Sagasta.

The Covenant Pardo.

Alfonso XII died early on November 25, 1885, killed his consumption. Antonio Canovas and Sagasta Mateo Prahedes previous day – November 24, 1885 – made a pact, now known as the Pact of Pardo. With this pact, they have consolidated the existing methods of governance, graft Canovas. The leaders of the Conservatives and Liberals agreed to alternate session of the cabinet. Place on the throne as regent had to take Maria Cristina. wife of Alfonso XII. She was already pregnant with the future King Alfonso XIII, but became regent before his birth. It looks weird, but it was done in accordance with the current constitution.

This pact served to maintain stability and avoid the struggle between the two main political forces of the country. It fully meets the political views of Antonio Canovas.

In general, Antonio Canovas del Castillo headed the government from January 9 to 12 September 1875, to December 2, 1875 to March 7, 1879, to January 18, 1884 to November 27, 1885, to July 5, 1890 on December 11, 1892 year to March 23, 1895 to August 8, 1897 (date of death).

But Canovas tried, parliamentarism of kasikizma he failed to do. Kasikizm has been and remains the main political system of Spain.

The colonial policy.

Antonio Canovas was in one of the groups called “Leagues”, which are not averse to maintain slavery in the colonies and in the future. But in the end, including the pressure of the abolitionists and general public, slavery was abolished in Spain in 1880. While in Cuba, in fact it existed and after the 80th year.

Antonio Canovas del Castillo, was killed August 8, 1897 by the Italian anarchist and writer Michel Anzhiolilo. This occurred at a resort in Mondragón (Guipuzcoa Province). At this point, Canovas headed the government again. Terrorist on the court stated the following: “In the depths of his heart felt invincible hatred against a statesman, control by means of terror and torture against the minister, sending to slaughter thousands and thousands of soldiers and ruining exactions the people who could be happy in their own country, against This successor of Caligula and Nero, the successor to Torquemada. against this monster – Canovas – and I am happy and proud of the fact that getting rid of it land. ” He was executed by sentence of the court.

Sagasta after the death of Don Antonio said that his place could be any politician is now.

In 1975, the municipality of Malaga Canovas put a monument in his hometown, and in 2009 in the hall of the Consistory, also in Malaga, unveiled a plaque in honor of Antonio Canovas del Castillo. In Madrid, a monument stands in front of the Senate Canovas.

Isabella CastilloIsabella Castillo
Isabella CastilloIsabella Castillo
Isabella CastilloIsabella Castillo

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