Gustave Flaubert

Submitted by on Sep 10, 2015

Gustave Flaubert

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Gustave Flaubert – French writer-realist, considered one of the greatest European writers of the XIX century. Many worked on the style of his works, putting forward the theory of “the exact words» (le mot juste). Best known as the author of the novel “Madame Bovary” (1856).

The French writer, who is often called the creator of the modern novel. Born December 12, 1821 in Rouen, where his father was head physician of one of the local hospitals. From 1823 to 1840, Flaubert studied at the Royal College of Rouen, which has not achieved much success, but expressed an interest in history and a great love for literature. He read not only fashionable at that time, the Romantics, but also Cervantes and Shakespeare. At school he met the future poet L. Bouyer (1822-1869), who became a lifelong friend of his faithful.

In 1840, Flaubert traveled to Paris to study law. Having been occupied for three years, he failed to pass the exams, but brought friendship with writer and journalist M. Du Kahn (1822-1894), who became his travel companion. In 1843, Flaubert found similar to epilepsy nervous disease, and he was directed to a sedentary lifestyle. After his father’s death in 1846 he returned to the estate of Croisset at Rouen, took care of his mother and worked mainly literature. Fortunately, he had a condition that saved him from having to make a living pen or other means. Likewise, he was able to realize his dream of traveling and spend many years writing a single novel. He perfected his style with the utmost attention, staying focused only on a professional conversation with the brothers Goncourt, I. Taine, Zola, Maupassant G. and Turgenev. Even his celebrated romance associated with the poet Louise Colet, and their extensive correspondence were the main theme of literary problems.

Flaubert was brought up on the works of F. Chateaubriand and Victor Hugo, and was attracted to the romantic way of the image. Throughout his life he sought to quell a lyrical and romantic beginning for the most objective picture of everyday reality. Early began to write, he soon became aware of a conflict between the set goal and the inclinations of his nature. The first of his published novels – “Madame Bovary” (1857).

The great literary creation, “Madame Bovary”marked a turning point in the development of the modern novel. Flaubert worked on each proposal in search of the famous”right words”. His interest in the form of a novel, successfully implemented in the unique structure of “Madame Bovary”, had a strong influence on later writers who aim to create new forms and techniques – G. James, J.. Conrad, John. Joyce, Proust, and many others.

In 1862 there was a historical novel Flaubert’s “Salammbo,”in 1869 – a novel of manners”An Education,”in 1874 -“The Temptation of St. Anthony”, in 1877 – “Three stories”; Flaubert then began to work hard for a long time conceived loved his work, the novel “Bouvard and Pekushe”, but did not finish it; two volumes of the alleged Flaubert wrote only one, and he does not have a complete other works of Flaubert. End of life Flaubert was sad, he suffered a severe nervous illness, was gloomy and irritable, broke relations with his best friend, Maxim Dyukanom; his mother died, his financial situation has worsened, as much of his fortune he lost to poor relatives. Flaubert alone have not experienced in old age, thanks to the tender care of his niece, um Kommanvil and friendship with George Sand; She gave him great comfort and Maupassant, the son of one of his childhood friends; Flaubert cared about the development of young talent and it was his strict and attentive teacher. Illness and serious literary work force sooner exhausted Flaubert; he died of apoplexy. In 1890 he put a monument in Rouen, famous sculptor Chapuis.

Gustave FlaubertGustave Flaubert
Gustave FlaubertGustave Flaubert
Gustave FlaubertGustave Flaubert

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