Giuseppe Verdi

Submitted by on Sep 30, 2015

Giuseppe Verdi) Biography Giuseppe Verdi (Giuseppe Verdi) Giuseppe Verdi (10/10/1813 – 01/27/1901) – Italian composer. The son of a village inn landlord. The first lessons of music theory received from the local church organist. Fifteen years Verdi became conductor of a small orchestra. The money collected by friends of his father, Verdi went to Milan for admission to the conservatory, which was not accepted “because of lack of musical abilities.”Giving Verdi, however, he praised the Milan kompozior and conductor V. Avalanches and become free to give him lessons in composition. In the years 1835-1838 Verdi lived in Busseto, where he worked as conductor of the municipal orchestra. In 1837, Verdi wrote the first opera”Oberto, Conte Bonifacio”, which was staged in two years with great success in Milan. By order of Milan’s”La Scala”Verdi composed the comic opera”Imaginary Stanislav, or one day reign”(“King for a Day,”the post. 1840) and the opera”Nabucco”(“Nebuchadnezzar”post. 1842). In this latter work the composer reflected the feelings and aspirations of the Italian people, which began in those years, the struggle for national independence and liberation from the Austrian yoke. The sufferings of the Jewish people captive audience saw an analogy with the enslaved Italy. Chorus captive Jews from the opera caused a storm of political demonstrations. Calling for the overthrow of alien tyranny echoed the Italian audience and the content of the following Verdi’s opera”The Lombards in the first Krestorom campaign”(post. 1843, Milan; 2nd edition with the ballet -“Jerusalem,”the post. 1847, Paris). Russian music critic GA Laroche wrote:”Verdi – the voice of modern Italy, Italy, awakened to consciousness, Italy, excited by political storms, bold and passionate to a frenzy.”Indeed, almost all of Verdi’s first period of his work imbued with heroic pathos, patriotic sentiments, the subject matter of the struggle against foreign oppressors. These”Ernani”by Victor Hugo (post. 1844 Venice),”The Two Foscari”by Byron (post. 1844, Rome),”The Maid of Orleans”by Schiller (post. 1845 Milan),”Alzira”by Voltaire (post. 1845 Naples),”Attila”by C. Werner (post. 1846 Venice),”Macbeth”by Shakespeare (post. 1847, Florence; 2nd edition 1865, Paris),”The Robbers”by Schiller (post . 1847, London),”Le Corsaire”by John. Byron (post. 1848, Trieste). The greatest success of these works were the opera”Ernani”,”Attila”and”Macbeth”; Many scenic situation vividly reminded the audience the political situation in their country. Verdi responded warmly to the French revolution of 1848, he had witnessed in Paris. On his return to Italy he wrote a heroic opera”Battle of Legnano”(post. 1849 Rome, 2nd edition”The siege of Harlem,”the post. 1861, Milan) on the theme of the struggle for the unification of the country Lombards. On behalf of the famous Italian revolutionary Mazzini Verdi created a revolutionary anthem”trumpet sounds.” The new period of creativity Verdi – the 1850s – characterized by the creation of operas, reflecting the feelings and experiences of ordinary people; the central theme of the opera composer’s dramatic was the struggle against the oppression of human freedom-feudal or bourgeois society. These are the very first operas of this period -“Luisa Miller”on the subject of Schiller drama”Love and Intrigue”(post. 1849, Naples) and”Stiffelio”(post. 1850, Trieste; 2nd edition of”Harold”post. 1857 , Rimini). With even greater power the composer turned the topic of social inequality in such immortal operas like”Rigoletto”on the play by Victor Hugo’s”The King amuses himself”(post. 1851 Venice),”Il Trovatore”(post. 1853, Rome) and”La Traviata”(“Violet”) based on the play by Alexandre Dumas fils’ The Lady of the Camellias”(post. 1853 Venice). In these works, other than a truly national character of the music, the composer showed exceptional gift as a melodist and dramatist, is reflected in his operas unvarnished truth of life.”Verdi’s often said – even at the zenith of fame – that he, by nature, has always been, is and will remain a simple Italian peasant. In this – the solution overwhelming popularity of Verdi. His work is organically linked with the people’s; his music is rooted in the peasant song melos Italy, in turn, its cantilena singing fishermen, gondoliers, craftsmen, shepherds. Hence – intonation simplicity, profound vitality and veracity of such a strikingly memorable melodies of Verdi.”(VI Solertinsky). The following works of Giuseppe Verdi’s close to the genre of so-called”grand opera”: historical and romantic opera”The Sicilian Vespers”(“Giovanna de Guzman”; the post. 1855, Paris),”A Masked Ball”(post. 1859, Rome),”The Force of Destiny”, commissioned by the Directorate of the Mariinsky Theatre (in connection with the production of this opera by Verdi in 1862 twice visited St. Petersburg),”Don Carlos”by Schiller (post. 1867, Paris; 2nd edition of the post. 1881 Milan). In these operas loved ones Verdi theme of inequality and the fight against the oppressors are embodied in the performances, abundant spectacular, contrasting scenes. New tvorcheky period begins with Verdi’s opera”Aida”, which was commissioned by the composer Egyptian Khedive in connection with the opening of the Suez Canal. Renowned Egyptologist A. Mariette Bey offered a fascinating story of the life of ancient Egypt, are interested in Verdi. Libretist A. Ghislanzoni closely with the composer worked on the libretto. The premiere was held in 1871 in Cairo. Its success exceeded all expectations. After”Aida”by Giuseppe Verdi for 14 years did not write new operas, reviewing old works -“Simon Boccanegra”(post. 1857 Venice; 2nd edition of the post. 1881, Milan), and others. Everyone thought that the composer because of old age is no longer able to create something new. But soon it became known that 72-year-old working on an opera of Verdi’s”Otello”(post. 1887 Milan, with ballet post. 1894, Paris). A few years later 80-year-old composer was present at the premiere of his new opera, as the plot of Shakespeare -“Falstaff” (staged in 1893, Milan). (For Shakespeare Verdi librettist I found remarkable in the face of the famous composer Boito). In the last three Verdi operas sought to expand the operatic forms, to complete fusion of music with a dramatic action, gives new meaning to recitative, strengthened the role of the orchestra in the disclosure of images. Among other works of Verdi’s Requiem stands in memory of the poet Alexander Manzoni. This is not like the Catholic Mass, the product, the quality is not inferior to the best music of Verdi, the composer fully preserves the style, he says with his tongue. Creativity Giuseppe Verdi differs profoundly realistic character. He was called the chronicler of the European musical life 1840-90-ies. He closely followed the achievements of contemporary composers – Bellini. Donizetti. Meyerbeer. Wagner. Gounod; but Verdi did not imitate them, and went their own way. Verdi’s great opera drama feel the laws are very diverse use of the human voice. Melodically rich, bright, easy to understand the music of Verdi received the widest distribution worldwide; realism and democratic creativity, a close relationship with the folk art of his homeland, deep humanity and humanism – the main reasons for the popularity of Verdi. M. Yu Mirkin. References to this page
Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe VerdiGiuseppe Verdi

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