Fernando Botero

Submitted by on Oct 22, 2015

Fernando Botero Angulo

Fernando Botero Angulo – One and the most famous Latin American artists. His style and technique is called figurativizm. He shows very fat people and fat people. In all his paintings only full characters, all – humans, horses, dogs and even items and fruit. About his works Fernando lights: ” shape, volume I try to influence people’s feelings and sensuality, meaning not only the sensuality voluptuousness and sensuality & raquo ;. Indeed, his paintings and sculptures is quite unusual, and all produce different impression, but who has ever seen it work, just do not forget them ever.

Biography Botero

Fernando born April 19, 1932 in the city of Medellin (Medell & iacute; n), South America, the province of Antigua. He calls this city ” industrial capital of Colombia & raquo ;. He was the second of three sons of David Botero (1895-1936) and Flora Angulo (1898-1972). His father was a traveling salesman and traveled the mountain, inaccessible areas of the province, reaching the most remote places. His mother worked as a seamstress. Family Fernando lost his fortune, and his father died of a heart attack when Fernando was only 4 years, leaving little Fernando and 2 of his brothers in the care of his mother. This sudden and tragic loss left Fernando in a state of loss, sadness and emptiness, which he could never make up. Botero’s uncle played an important role in his life. Today, Medellin is a modern and a great metropolis. At the beginning of the 1930s it was a small provincial town, where the Catholic Church has played a significant role in the lives of people of the city. Fernando received his primary education in Antioquia (Antioquia – one of the departments of Colombia), and the Ateneo School, thanks to a scholarship, he continued his secondary education at the Jesuit school of Bolivar (Bolivar – one of the departments of Colombia). The school was quite strict discipline and teachers is a priest of the Jesuit Order. Perhaps such asceticism in education and pushed Fernando to the fact that he began to draw and reveal the artist’s talent.

As a teenager Fernando fell in love for life bullfight, which is so popular in South America. With 13 years he began painting bullfights, depicting fights and their participants – bulls, bullfighters, the matadors and picadors. Like many in South America, Fernando in his youth dreamed of becoming a bullfighter. In 1944, Botero’s uncle sent him to a school for matadors, where he studied for two years. But in 15 years, Fernando suddenly said his mother that he wanted to become an artist and more nobody. It did not fit into the plans of his Conservative relatives, who believed that art can be a hobby, but not a profession.

In 1948, Botero at age 16 published his first illustrations in the Sunday supplement “El Colombiano”one of the most influential newspapers in Medellin. The money he used to go to high school at the Lyceum in Antioquia Marinilla. At 17, Fernando wrote the article”Picasso and non-conformism in art” where he talked about surrealism and abstract art. For the first time the works of Fernando exhibited in 1948, in a group exhibition with other artists from the area.

From 1949 to 1950 worked as a set designer Botero, before he could organize his first exhibition in Bogota.

In 1951, at the age of 19, he was the first solo exhibition of paintings in the gallery “Leo Matiz” (Leo Matiz gallery, Bogot & aacute;). Each of his works were sold.

Like many artists, Botero went to Europe to study European schools of painting and works of the masters. In 1952, Botero went with a group of artists in Barcelona, ​​where he stopped briefly before moving to Madrid. In Madrid, Botero studied at the Academy of Arts of San Fernando where he began to create works in the style of Velazquez and Goya Frantsisko. He then returned to his home in the city of Bogota, where he had a solo exhibition. In the same year he took part in the competition of the National Art Salon, where his painting “the sea” won second place.

In 1953, Botero moved to Paris, where he spent most of his time in the Louvre, studying the works of art.

From 1953 to 1954 he lived in Florence, Italy, and studied at the Academy of St. Mark works of the masters of the Renaissance and the technique of fresco painting by Italian artists of the era.

In 1956, Fernando studied at the Faculty of Fine Arts at the University of Bogota. Fernando traveled to South America and visited Mexico, where he studied the work of Diego Rivera and Orozco. In Mexico, his work strongly influenced by large painted murals on the walls of buildings.

Before 1955 Botero painted in the usual classical style and its facilities were not overly hyped. The first increase took place in the form of a still-life “Mandolin” where the instrument was depicted unusually swollen. So Fernando managed to find its unique niche in art. Friendly, unique style Botero have finally formed approximately by 1964. These were the images of people, animals, trees, still life, characterized by swollen forms and almost invisible as lacquered, surface paintings.

In 1964, Fernando married Gloria Zea, who later bore him three children. Later they moved to Mexico, where he experienced great financial difficulties. This was followed by a divorce, and the artist moved to New York, where in 1969 Fernando Botero spent much exhibition of his works under the name “Swollen Images”the Museum of Modern Art, which becomes the first Colombian painting – painting” Mona Lisa in 12 years & raquo ;. This exhibition has strengthened his reputation as an artist. In 1970, Botero has exhibited his works in the Gallery Marlborough (Marlborough Gallery, New York) and we can say that this coin began his international fame.

In the works of Botero, we see an unusual blend elements of Italian Renaissance and Spanish Baroque, and at the same time, Latin American baroque with iso-folklore and kitsch style “Naïve Art”and primitive traits. His work is often reminiscent of the famous Colombian people to work – Gabriel Garcia Marquez. In his paintings of Fernando also parodies and copies in exaggerated form paintings of different periods of art including paintings by Bonnard and Jacques-Louis David. At different periods in his paintings significantly influenced by Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Art of Indian tribes of Central and South America, particularly Olmec sculpture. His paintings have also been compared to the works of Peter Paul Rubens, which always admired Botero. Botero wrote that the works of Rubens -“we see the world the carnal exaggeration, excess, pomp of life forms and contentment, peace, where there alongside sacred and secular, blasphemous ..”. Works Fernando is always inflated forms and exaggerated often look like satire. Persons of authority and power, images of presidents, soldiers and priests often present in his paintings and are targeted by Fernando Botero. Especially brightly and aggressively displays volumetric forms in Botero nude female images. These are overweight figures with exaggerated full hips and legs cause the strongest feelings in the audience – from rejection to admiration. Sam Botero once said: “In art, as long as we can do, and I think we have to distort the nature. Art is always a distortion of the”.

At the moment, the number of works by Botero is large enough – almost 3000 paintings and 200 sculptures and countless drawings and watercolors. Since 1973, Botero increasingly engaged in sculpture, reflecting in it all the same exaggerated, curvy shapes of humans and animals. Characters Botero did not seem to be “puffed”, they look really hard and petrified. That is why the Colombian master no less than painting, glorified his sculpture: bronze and marble – the most successful materials for his monumental pieces. His works adorn the well-known cities in the world (Medellin, Bogota, Paris, Lisbon, etc.) In the form of non-standard comic-heroic monuments.

In 1992, Jacques Chirac, being at that time the mayor of Paris, Botero offered to hold a solo exhibition on the Champs-Elysees. Such an honor is not honored before any one foreign artist in France. After that, various cities in the world are being invited Fernando to participate in various exhibitions on the occasion of the festivities to his works the artist has given greater scope and flavor of these celebrations.

Botero’s generosity knows no bounds and in Colombia it is legendary. Thus, the Museum of Fine Arts in Bogota, he donated a collection of paintings, valued at $ 60 million. Hometown Medellin artist presented 18 sculptures, a shown in exhibitions in Madrid, Paris, New York, Chicago, and nearly one hundred paintings, formed the basis of the exhibition Art Square. In total, the Colombian artist gifts collections exceeded $ 100 million. The influential magazine in Colombia “Semana”said Fernando Botero in the top ten most popular personalities. His statue in bronze”Still Life with Watermelon” (1976-1977) Botero gave the St. Petersburg Hermitage and it shows in the Hall of European and American Art of the XX century.

Fernando Botero now lives in Paris and works in different parts of the globe. His works Botero turned in one of the most important living artist in the world. By the way, his works are among the most expensive in the world. For example, “Breakfast on the Grass” – a paraphrase of the famous eponymous founder of the Impressionist paintings by Edouard Manet, written by Fernando in 1969, – was sold at Sotheby ‘ s for $ 1 million.

His 80-year anniversary (2012) by Fernando Botero said in a quiet Italian town of Pietrasanta ( Pietrasanta ) in the north-west of Tuscany ( Italian. Toscana ), in the foothills of the Apuan Alps ( Italian. Alpi Apuane ), where he organized an exhibition of his creations. This town for the artist is a favorite destination for summer holidays with family. Here he is known and loved, and to see the sculpture by Fernando in a makeshift open-air gallery came a lot of people. Master presented six monumental works on the area of ​​Duomo, which looked like a giant and a dozen smaller works that grace the area around the church of San Agostino, beside which was exhibited in a special room series of watercolors created by the artist for the anniversary.

To view, click any link, and stir the gallery by clicking on the right (next photo) or left (Previous photo) part of the picture.

Fernando BoteroFernando Botero
Fernando BoteroFernando Botero
Fernando BoteroFernando Botero

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