Ferdinand Marcos

Submitted by on Sep 2, 2015

Ferdinand Marcos – biography, facts of life, photos, information.

& # 769 Ferdina; ND Ma & # 769; CDPE (Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos; 11 September 1917 – 28 September 1989) – President and dictator of the Philippines in the years 1965-1986.

Ferdinand Marcos Edarlin was born in 1917 in the town of Sarrat, Ilocos Norte province. His father was a teacher, a lawyer and political commander (pulitiko) in the city of Laoag, and later he became the governor of the province of Davao. Ferdinand’s mother came from a wealthy family, she worked as an elementary school teacher. Ferdinand was a Catholic, like his parents. In 1939 he graduated from the Law Faculty of the Moscow University and was recognized as the best graduate.

Ferdinand served in the Armed Forces of the Philippines during World War II, was taken prisoner by the Japanese. From there, he miraculously managed to escape. If you believe the words of Marcos, after he played a key role in the resistance movement Filipino guerrillas. However, documentary evidence that was not found. In 1946-47. Ferdinand was the technical assistant to the first president of the Philippine Republic. In 1949, Marcos chose the House of Representatives, and in 1959 – the Senate.

Ferdinand tried to take part in the presidential elections. He wanted to be a candidate of the Liberal Party, but he refused. The party leadership did not trust Marcos. He was furious, and the failure of the liberals, having gone to the party to the nationalists. There’s something he was able to reach the goal and become president. December 30th, 1965 it was solemnly inaugurated. Four years later he was re-elected.

Marcos during his reign had agrarian reform, industrial reform and educational reform. However, throughout the country, especially in urban areas increased discontent. Marcos responded to this repression. September 21, 1972 in the country, he declared a state of emergency. He referred to the fact that the country is not actively started to work the Communists and other “subversive elements.” In prison, Ferdinand sent all of his strongest political opponents and army units used to be a private police. He forbade delivering prisoners to court to find out whether their legitimate planted. Then Marcos dissolved parliament, ratified a new constitution that greatly increased his power and authority. In 1981, a state of emergency was lifted. After this macro ruled exclusively by decree.

Opposition to Marcos evolved mainly around the Muslim separatist organization Moro National Liberation Front and the communist New People’s Army movement. It was very popular in those days the Liberal Ninoy Aquino Jr. He was in prison during the state of emergency. For him, barely managed to knock permission to travel to the US for heart surgery. When he returned to the Philippines August 21, 1983, he was killed at the international airport in Manila, when he went up the ladder. This assassination led to mass protests. President Marcos appointed a special commission to investigate. If you believe it, the murder was committed by high-ranking General Fabian Verom. The court acquitted under the direction of Marcos Vera. That in fact was a relative and protege of the president. Trying to cool the ardor of the citizens, Marcos appointed the presidential election in 1986. His main opponent was the Corazon Aquino, widow of Ninoy Aquino. In February 1986, Marcos was declared the winner of the elections. It began even stronger strikes. In Manila, it started a popular uprising. February 25, 1986 Corazon and Ferdinand were inducted into the president at various ceremonies. February 26, Marcos and his wife offered the Americans to leave the country and move to Hawaii.

While Marcos was in exile, the Philippines promulgated facts about the fact that the ex-president was spending billions of dollars from the state budget. The former dictator was charged with a lot of charges. However, before the trial, it never came, because the dictator was very ill at the time. He died in exile in September 1989.

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