Edgar Allan Poe

Submitted by on Sep 12, 2015

Edgar Allan Poe) Biography Edgar Allan Poe (Edgar Allan Poe) Poe) – Edgar Allan Poe (Poe) – poet, novelist, critic, editor; “man, captivated the mysteries of life”and”seized the holy passion to understand the soul”(Maxim Gorky); one of the first US professional writers who lived exclusively literary work; although the artist who knew the tides of popularity, but not immediately understood and valued at home. As was born in a family of actors, in the age of two, he lost his parents and was given to the education of a wealthy merchant John Allan from Richmond. Stay with Allan in England (1815-1820) to instill in him a love of English poetry and the word at all. ( Charles Dickens later said about the writer as the sole guardians of the”grammatical and idiomatic purity of the English language”in America.) Was sent to the University of Virginia (1826), but soon taken out as ponadelal”debt of honor”; classes at the military academy at West Point (1830) also limited to six months. Despite the paucity of formal education, creativity As evidence of the broad, though disorderly erudition. Tamerlane and Other Poems by a Bostonian”, 1827). After the conflict with Allan went to Boston, where his own expense publishes an anonymous collection of”Tamerlane and Other Poems Bostonian”(“Tamerlane and Other Poems by a Bostonian”, 1827). Two years serving in an artillery unit, then, obviously, is living with an aunt Maria Clemm, whose daughter, Virginia in 1836, became his wife. Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems”, 1829). Baltimore is seeking the release of the collection”Al Aaraf, Tamerlane and small poem”(“Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems”, 1829). 1831–Poems”), The year 1831 is a watershed year in the biography of the writer: irrevocable break with Allan, output in New York the third book”Poems”(“Poems”), the first stories in burlesque style, sent to Philadelphia magazine”The Saturday Courier”anonymously. It begins independent life full of hardships, exhausting work, ambitious plans. Baltimore, Richmond, New York, Philadelphia, New York again. Hot-tempered, quarrelsome, In could not stay long in one place, but had a lot of well-wishers (J. P. Kennedy, T. Chivers et al.). Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque”, 1840). He served as editor of five journals and published thirty, without looking to get involved in the literary battle and literally begged at the moment of its greatest edition, 2-volume book”Grotesque and Arabesque”(“Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque”, 1840). The Raven”) In 1845 he published”The Raven”(“The Raven”) and a short walk to the celebrities. After the untimely death of Virginia (1847) In life is a sad sight: flashing and fading hopes short drive crazy, bouts of alcoholism, constantly moving, depression. Attitude of the writer evolved under the influence of fading spiritual traditions of the”Old Dominion”- Virginia – and in the course of his direct participation in the artistic process in the US, which experienced the industrial revolution. Considering that the”spirit of the epoch energetic business gravitates to the journal literature,”according to please the tastes of the then wrote short stories, stuffed with parapsychology. (“To be seen, it is necessary that you have read”). Thinnest artist, a passionate opponent of the commercial”progress”and one of the founders of what is now called bourgeois mass culture – that’s the central paradox In prose. The mature poetry of Edgar Allan Poe lies almost entirely in the perfect area. dream”, Its main reference image-concept -“dream”, that is a dream, dream, dream. His poems are nadchuvstvenny, everything in them is shrouded in mist, air, weightless, ethereal and almost defies interpretation – as they dominated the mood. As he wrote in the famous sonnet Konstantin Balmont. Turning away from the everyday world, so I prefer to create a different, poetic, that is a wonderful reality. Understanding the failure of “pure”imagination, the preponderance of grossly material in society, disappointment about the personal and the natural tendency to melancholy – all this gave rise to tragic and mournful reconciliation with destiny, almost deathly quiet ecstasy and poured into a purely focus on the sound organization of the verse. The Sleeper”, 1831),”Ulalume”, 1847), “Annabel Lee”, 1849), “The Bells”, 1849). The perfect fusion of melody and meaning created, despite the absence of the “plot”, a tense internal dynamics in the poem “Sleeping”(“The Sleeper”, 1831),”The Raven”, “Ulalyum”(“Ulalume”, 1847),”Annabel Lee”(“Annabel Lee”, 1849),”The Bells”(“The Bells”, 1849). As one of the American poets By carefully developed prosodic possibilities of the native language. Of arsenal versifikatsionnyh means he singled out replay, although excessive use of this method gives some late poems tone monotony and mechanistic. MS Found in a Bottle”, 1833), As novelist According seriously declared itself a story”Manuscript Found in a Bottle”(“MS Found in a Bottle”, 1833), received the award in the competition”The Saturday Courier.”One member of the jury noticed the main feature of talent In prose:”The logic and imagination combined here in a rare proportionality”. In the tradition of extraordinary voyages extending from James F. Cooper to Jack London. A Descent into Maelstrom”, 1841) The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym”, 1838), written story”A Descent into the Maelstrom”(“A Descent into Maelstrom”, 1841) and the only”The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket”(“The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym”, 1838), paved the way melvillovskomu”Moby Dick”and completed by Jules Verne’s novel”Ice Sphinx.”The Journal of Julius Rodman”, 1840) – The Unparalleled Adventures of One Hans Phaal”, 1835), The Ballon-Hoax”, 1844) By”the sea”works adjacent tales of adventures on land and in the air:”Diary of Julius Rodman”(“The Journal of Julius Rodman”, 1840) – a fictional description of the first trip through the Rocky Mountains of North America, committed by civilized people”Extraordinary Adventures of a Hans Pfaalya”(“The Unparalleled Adventures of One Hans Phaal”, 1835), launched in playfully satirical and turning into a documentary record of the flight to the moon,”History with a balloon”(“The Ballon-Hoax”, 1844) of the allegedly committed by the flight across the Atlantic. These works – not just stories of unimaginable adventures, but the adventure of imagination, allegory permanent dramatic journey into the unknown, in the other, beyond the daily empirical experience emotional and psychological dimension. Through a carefully designed system components achieved an impression of reliability and materiality fiction. The”prisoners”to”Hans Pfaalyu”As formulated the principles of the kind of literature that would later be called science fiction. The same”power of details”from As noted by Fyodor Dostoyevsky. typical for the most numerous group of short stories – as it”arabesque”that are closest to the European Romantic tradition. Ligeia”, 1838),”The Fall of the House of Usher”, 1839),”The Masque of the Red Death”, 1842), “The Pit and Pendulum”, 1842), “The Black Cat”, 1843), “The Cask of Amontillado”, 1846), Artistic sense such stories as “Ligeia”(“Ligeia”, 1838),”The Fall of the House of Usher”(“The Fall of the House of Usher”, 1839),”The Masque of the Red Death”(“The Masque of the Red Death”, 1842),”The Pit and the Pendulum”(“The Pit and Pendulum”, 1842),”The Black Cat”(“The Black Cat”, 1843),”The Cask of Amontillado”(“The Cask of Amontillado”, 1846), of course by no means an exhaustive picture of the horrors of physical and mental suffering, in general,”deviation from nature”, in the words of Charles Baudelaire. Representing a variety of extreme situation and identifying the characters reactions to them, the writer touched the areas of the human psyche, which are studied by modern science, and that pushed the boundaries of emotional and intellectual comprehension of the world. Murders in the Rue Morgue”, 1841),”The Mystery of Marie Roget”, 1842-1843), “The Purloined Letter”, 1844), World fame brought Edgar Poe novelistic trilogy, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”(“Murders in the Rue Morgue”, 1841),”The Mystery of Marie Roget”(“The Mystery of Marie Roget”, 1842-1843),”The Purloined Letter”(“The Purloined Letter”, 1844), the combined figure of the brilliant detective Auguste Dupin amateur who is investigating a crime – it solves the problem. The chain of reasoning that it is the truth – for him a fascinating mind game. Aesthetic pleasure in these “logical”stories arise from skillful demonstration of thought. They made a number According artistic discoveries, thanks to which there was a special branch of literature – detective genre. In addition to the three basic types of stories: fantasy, adventure, Gothic and logical – at As many other kinds of genre: humorous sketches, although the laughter, like life, not to give him, satirical skits, parody, parable. Some Words with a Mummy”, 1845); Stories, ganging up with the philosophical essays -“Conversation with mummy”(“Some Words with a Mummy”, 1845); “Mellonta Tauta”(1849), – Mellonta Tauta”(1849) – generalized, anticipating Mark Twain’s satire not only on American institutions, but also on the traditions and values ​​of modern society, its philosophy and morality to the very idea of bourgeois progress. Eureka”, 1848). The philosophical and epistemological and cosmogonic idea develops in his prose-poem”Eureka”(“Eureka”, 1848). Numerous articles and reviews distinguishes independent critical thought. The Philosophy of Composition”, 1846), Tale-Writing: Nathaniel Hawthorne”, 1847),”The Poetic Principle”, 1848-1849). The most important of his theoretical works fall to the 40s:”The Philosophy of Art”(“The Philosophy of Composition”, 1846), which analyzed the technology for creating”The Raven”, “short story Nathaniel Hawthorne”(“Tale-Writing: Nathaniel Hawthorne”, 1847),”The poetic principle”(“The Poetic Principle”, 1848-1849). Following the romantic conception of art, in particular ST Coleridge, to of all spiritual faculties of paramount importance attached to artistic imagination, leaving the heart of the passion and intelligence – the search for truth. However, his imagination is subordinated to the general, going back to the ancient principle – harmony. Now belongs to all times and peoples, Edgar Allan Poe was the son of his time. He rejected much of American life 20-40-ies, and shared many of its illusions. All his life, dreaming of surrender”only passion”- pure poetry, he was forced to act as a hack. The artist, who is considered by many Western literary representative intuitionist art movement, he realized that creativity among other things is labor, and, learning through the”literary engineering”laws of nature and poetry, created in his own harmonious aesthetic theory. In his public sympathy writer he was retrograde: arrogantly spoke of”the crowd”and considered slavery”the basis of our institutions.”By not build a utopian project, not cherished dream of a better future; his romantic corrected rationalism creativity is not rushed in the past. As was alien indestructible optimism transcendentalists, believes the spiritual force that will correct the corrupted world. He did not have the temperament and civil trusted only poetry, but art, thus laying the foundations of a tragic tradition in American literature. The Gold-Bug”, 1843) The development of software in Russia began with the writer’s life: the translation of the story”Golden Beetle”(“The Gold-Bug”, 1843) was published in 1847. The first Russian Works In three books dates back to 1885-1886 years since they came out a lot, stands out among them five-volume translations Konstantin Balmont (1901-1912). Even then penetrated deeply into the value of the heritage of the American romance Alexander Blok. XIX He noticed that his work”is. related to broad channels of some literature of the XIX century,”while calling the names of Jules Verne, Aubrey Beardsley, Fyodor Dostoyevsky.”According to Works created as if in our time.”. Complete collection of poetry In released in their translations Bryusov (1924). The most complete history of the “Russian On”presented in the collection of his poems, published in 1988 in Russian and English languages. Complete collection of short stories published in 1970. “The writers of the United States.” Short creative biography. Moscow,”Rainbow”, 1990. References to this page
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe

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