David Lawrence

Submitted by on Sep 17, 2015

DH Lawrence (Lawrence David Herbert)

(1885-1930)

He was born September 11, 1885 in miner’s settlement Eastwood (Nottinghamshire), the fourth child in a family miner. After graduating from Nottingham men’s School Lawrence a few months he worked at the factory of medical equipment. Four years worked as a teacher. without a corresponding diploma, then finished a two-year teachers’ course at the University of Nottingham, and began teaching at the school on the outskirts of London. Then he began work on the novel, and in 1909 he sent several poems in the magazine ‘Inglish rivyu’ (‘English Review’), edited F.M.Fordom. Ford has published several short stories and poems Lawrence . helped to print the novel The White Peacock (The White Peacock, 1911) and introduced a Lawrence in the capital’s literary circles. At this time, Lawrence is already working on a second novel, The intruder (The Trespasser, 1912), and the first one for Sons and Lovers. His mother’s death from cancer in December 1910 deeply shocked the writer. Own bad health forced him to leave teaching and to concentrate on literary work.

In the spring of 1912 Lawrence fled to Europe with Frieda Weekley (nee von Richthofen), the wife of Nottingham professor E.Uikli. In 1913 he published the first collection of his poems and the novel Sons and Lovers (Sons and Lovers). At the same time he began working on a novel tentatively called Sisters (The Sisters) – later split into the Rainbow (The Rainbow, 1915) and Women in Love (Women in Love, 1920). In 1914 he published the first collection of short stories Lawrence The Prussian Officer (The Prussian Officer). After the entry of England into the war Lawrence closed from leaving the country. Rainbow banned immediately after publication in 1915, and for a woman in love Lawrence generally failed to find a publisher (due to the author’s novel was published in New York in 1920).

In 1916, the first book was published travel notes writer Twilight in Italy (Twilight in Italy). Two years later, Lawrence starts printing the magazine his work Sketches of classic American literature (Studies in Classic American Literature), who became the first serious study of the works of such major American writers. how G.Melvill and N.Gotorn.

In 1919, Lawrence left England and since then only occasionally dropped in to their homeland. He travels to Italy, Sicily, Ceylon, Australia, arrives in the United States (where he lives on a ranch near Taos, NY. New Mexico), visited Mexico. He frantically working in difficult conditions, overcoming illness; from his pen out novels dead girl (The Lost Girl, 1920), Flute Aaron (Aaron’s Rod, 1922), Kangaroo (Kangaroo, 1923) and the Feathered Serpent (The Plumed Serpent, 1926), several collections of essays, many stories and poems. Published Lawrence of the book Psychoanalysis and unconscious (Psychoanalysis and Unconscious, 1921), and subliminal Fantasy (Fantasia of Unconscious, 1922) provides access to its outlook. In 1926 he completed the first of three variants of Lady Chatterley’s Lover (Lady Chatterley’s Lover), and in 1928 issued by private subscription the final text of the novel. In 1929, on charges of indecency police authorities closed an exhibition of paintings Lawrence in London. Died Lawrence in the south of France, in Vence, March 2, 1930.

Although many consider the best part of the heritage of the writer to his stories, though it Roma – Sons and Lovers. Rainbow, Women in Love and Lady Chatterley’s Lover – can be called Lawrence an outstanding writer of the 20th century. Sons and Lovers – artistic study of the destructive forces that affect the mind, will and spirit. In addition to the inherent power of the letter writer, the ability to subtly convey ‘sense of place’, affects its ability to accurately recreate the social, psychological and historical atmosphere since the industrial revolution in England. The Sons and Lovers Lawrence does not simply describe their personal difficulties, he puts them in a circle a significant social and historical themes. The same trend in the rainbow, where Lawrence shows how modern consciousness gradually matures in the family Brenguenov, farmers in Central England; close blood ties that bound the family in the years before the industrial revolution, weaken; writer portrays three generations of a loving relationship Brenguenov, whose last representative, Ursula – modern (and single) woman, bright and strong personality. Although the woman in love Ursula finds a mate, a new novel by the lack of social optimism Rainbow. The shadow of the First World War fell on the book, and although Lawrence never directly spoke about the war. it constantly reminds himself bitterly foreboding tone and the inevitable cultural impoverishment of Europe.

In the postwar period Lawrence comes to the conclusion that there is little attempt to save a new public consciousness – is necessary to change the social system itself. All citizens must submit to the will of one person – the person, such karleylevskim ‘heroes’, the living incarnation of the divine, Platonic philosopher-king. This idea was expressed by the writer in the so-called novels about ‘the leaders’ – Flute Aaron Kangaroo and feathered serpent.

In his last novel, Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Lawrence expresses little hope that the few blessings of ‘proximity’ men and women can escape from the pressure of circumstances.

David LawrenceDavid Lawrence
David LawrenceDavid Lawrence
David LawrenceDavid Lawrence

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