Ariel Sharon

Submitted by on Sep 18, 2015

Ariel Sharon. Biography of the former Prime Minister of Israel

Former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, died on Saturday, January 11, 2013. Policies of the last eight years in a coma. He was 85.

Ariel Sharon was born in Kfar Malala in 1928. The first military experience he acquired at the age of 14 when he joined the Haganah movement. At age 20, he had command of the infantry troops in the brigade Alexandroni in 1948. during the War of Independence.

Reputation Sharon has increased significantly after he organized and headed in 1953 101st Special Forces, whose main task was the implementation of punitive functions in the fight against terrorist organizations. His military prowess was demonstrated in 1967 during the Six Day War, when he commanded an armored division. Two years later, Sharon received a promotion. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the Southern District.

Assuming that his chances of being appointed Chief of the General Staff of the minor, Sharon left in reserve in June 1972. In 1973, at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War, he was again drafted into the army and took command of the armored division on the southern front.

During the war, the division of Sharon, contrary to the fears of the High Command, broke through the Egyptian defense and crossed the Suez Canal, a foothold on the African shore of the Channel, not far from Cairo.

As a result, the main forces of the Egyptians centered on Sinai, were surrounded, and Egypt was forced to ask for a cease-fire.

So, to a large extent thanks to the bold actions of Sharon, false starts, difficult and bloody Yom Kippur War ended in a convincing victory for Israel.

The brilliant leadership of the troops during the war of 1973, Sharon has made one of the most popular people in Israel. Many Israelis were convinced that “Arik has saved Israel.”Therefore, in the 70s, the most popular name newborns in Israel was the name”Ariel”.

Sharon entered political life in Israel after the Yom Kippur War. He was elected to the Knesset in December 1973, but a year later resigned as deputy. Two years later, Sharon was appointed Security Adviser in Yitzhak Rabin’s first government.

Once Rabin’s resignation in 1976, Sharon shared the general disappointment in the labor movement, which arose as a result of the Yom Kippur War, he decided to create a new party, which he called Zion Shlomo. His party won two seats in the Knesset in subsequent elections in 1977. In the same 1977 elections Likud first came to power. Sharon disbanded the party and joined the Likud.

Prime Minister Menachem Begin appointed him Minister of Agriculture and Chairman of the Commission on settlements. In this capacity he worked until 1981. With the strengthening of positions of right-wing forces in politics and with the growth of messianic Zionism, Sharon, more and more began to identify themselves with the movement Gush Emunim, strongly contributing to the development of settlements. Since then, he is considered to be an ardent supporter of the settler movement, although at one time supported the evacuation of Yamit settlement at the conclusion of a peace treaty with Egypt.

Reputation Sharon greatly shaken during the Lebanon war, when he was appointed Minister of Defence (1981-1983). It is no coincidence the election of Barack company strongly emphasizes the role of Sharon in the war and stressed the Kahane commission report on the massacres in Sabra and Shatila.

From 1984 to 1990. Sharon served as minister of industry and trade, 1990-1992 – Minister of Construction. In the Knesset of the 13th convocation, he was a member of the Committee on Defense and Foreign Affairs Committee.

In July 1996, following an agreement with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Sharon was appointed Minister of National Infrastructure. Following the resignation of David Levy, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Sharon’s political career reached its peak when he was elected head of the Likud after the defeat Netanyahu in the 1999 elections. He played a crucial role in restoring the power of the Likud in the Knesset, lost in the 1999 elections.

Once the government Barak lost the majority in the Knesset at the end of 2000, the media has a new image of Israel Ariel Sharon – calm, moderate to strong policy assessments. Sharon Program, which includes the formation of a government of national unity, the emphasis on the interests of both the personal security of Israeli citizens and national security in general, brought him victory in the first special Israeli election for prime minister (February 2001). He won with a difference of 25% in the elections with the lowest (59%) percent of the votes of the electorate in Israel. 15% -20% of all eligible voters, including most of the Arab electorate did not participate in the elections.

He has fulfilled the promise made during the election campaign, and formed a national unity government on a broad basis, which includes, as the Labour Party and right-wing party National Unity. He appointed leader of the Labor Binyamin Ben-Eliezer his defense minister and deputy prime minister.

During the first few months in office, Prime Minister followed the policy of restraint against the Palestinian terror. He expected the results of the Commission of Inquiry, following the talks in Sharm el-Sheikh between former Prime Minister Barak and Arafat, published their findings, known as the Mitchell report, in May 2001. Resisting calls to immediately attack the Palestinian Authority, he spent the summer in the negotiations with the Americans, developing the Tenet plan, calls for an immediate ceasefire by both sides. Sharon demanded “seven days respite” before the implementation of the plan, but Israel they never received.

In autumn 2001, Ariel Sharon authorized the brief invasion of the territory controlled by the Palestinians, and to strengthen measures to destroy terrorist leaders. However, he remained a supporter of the policy of containment for the right bloc “Our Home Israel”–”National Unity”, published from the government in October 2001. and being under fire of the settler movement. Palestinian terror reached its peak in March 2002, which killed more than 120 Israelis Dismal apex terror bombing became a suicide bomber during a Passover Seder in a Netanya hotel, take the life of 29 people. Immediately afterwards, Sharon launched Operation “Defensive Shield”, the aim of which is to destroy the terrorist infrastructure of the Palestinian leadership. From April to November 2002, Israel carried out periodic incursions into the territory of PA, after the attacks were carried out from the territory of the Palestinian Authority, to destroy a network of individual terror.

Sharon intended to achieve expansion of the Government of National Unity in its full by October 2003. However, Ben-Eliezer, is under pressure of his party for several months, brought the Party of Labour from the coalition. Sharon was trying to create a stable coalition without the Labor Party, but could not succeed in this, refusing to change the diametrical direction of policy by taking into its ultra-right-wing government. So he disbanded the Knesset and called for early elections on 28 of January 2003 g of.

The subject of discussion, coincided with the election period and in the period of the new government, it was the international accusation against Ariel Sharon, the Supreme Court of Belgium in connection with the massacre in Sabra and Shatila, which, however, has not been initiated.

Likud, headed by Ariel Sharon won 38 seats in the 2003 elections and formed a coalition government together with the right-wing parties and centrist bus. The situation in the country was severe – economic stagnation, unemployment and security problems.

In foreign policy, Israel is obliged to follow the “road map” of President Bush, but the incessant terror, encouraged by Palestinian President Yasser Arafat started the negotiations with the Palestinians to a standstill.

The image of Israel as a result of the construction of the injured defensive ” security fence & raquo ;, improved significantly after a firm decision to carry out Sharon’s disengagement plan. However, this plan is not popular in the party of the prime minister and faced strong opposition from the right wing coalition Sharon.

As a result, the Sharon government has lost stability and maintained only through skillful political maneuvering Prime Minister. In January 2005, the Shinui Party withdrew from the government. By this time, the main goal of the new coalition with the Labor Party and the government of “National Unity”It was the implementation of” Disengagement Plan & raquo ;. However, the ruling party Likud itself was divided in its attitude towards the plan.

Following the implementation of the Disengagement Plan, the government has undergone another change. Inside the Likud had to fight for the leadership with the former finance minister in his government, Benjamin Netanyahu. At the same time, the government was facing growing criticism for the harsh social policies. Amir Peretz, who was elected in November 2005, the chairman of the Labor Party, insisted on the withdrawal of his party from the government. In addition, the Knesset, Sharon faces growing opposition, and corruption allegations against his son Omri.

As a result of these developments, Sharon decided not to run for the Knesset of the 17th convocation as the leader of the Likud Party, and in November 2005, announced the release of their well founded Likud, Sharon founded a new party, called them “Kadima” (“Next & raquo ;!). The new party immediately attracted to its ranks many ministers and Knesset members, including the Ministers of Finance of Olmert, Defense Minister Mofaz from Likud and Shimon Peres, the new head of disgruntled Labor Party. Thus was created a new centrist party Sharon” & raquo ;, Kadima which all opinion polls predicted a landslide victory in the elections and received not less than 40 seats (out of 120) in the elections, scheduled for March 28, 2006.

In the middle of December, the Prime Minister was suddenly hospitalized for a few days because of a stroke, whose electoral strength was based primarily on huge personal popularity Ariel Sharon. In addition, public debate flared up around the state of health of the prime minister. However, this did not affect the popularity of his party.

To resolve detect congenital heart disease on January 5, 2006 was appointed as heart catheterization to close the hole between the atria in the heart of Ariel Sharon. The operation was carried out under general anesthesia.

But a few hours before catheterization, Sharon was taken to a Jerusalem hospital ” Hadassah Ein Karem & raquo ;, diagnosed with severe cerebral hemorrhage, which soon led to a loss of consciousness. During the 5th and 6th of January, Ariel Sharon has been unconscious and underwent a series of complex operations on the brain. His condition is serious but stable.

At the time of Sharon’s illness, Acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert’s assigned to.

In his last interview before hospitalization, Sharon said: “ I am a Jew, and for me it is most important “.

Ariel SharonAriel Sharon
Ariel SharonAriel Sharon
Ariel SharonAriel Sharon

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