Alessandro Magno

Submitted by on Sep 9, 2015

[therein. Droysen] Droysen] Johann Gustav (07/06/1808, Treptow, now Trzebiatów, Poland – 06.19.1884, Berlin), it. historian and creator of the concept of the Hellenistic period in ancient history. Member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences (since 1867). Rhode. in the family priest. After his father’s death (1819) his mother barely support his family, earning a living by sewing. Help my father’s friends and tutoring D. allowed to complete their education in the gymnasium of St.. Mary in Stettin (now Szczecin). At this time he became interested in reading Greek. classics and translated into German “Antigone”by Sophocles. Since 1826 D. studied at the Berlin University are where basically he was influenced by GWF Hegel and A. Böck. Vposl. D. sought to introduce Hegel’s dialectical method in its historical research. After his mother’s death (1827) J. gave private lessons. ber die griechischen Beischriften der Berliner Papyros // Rheinisches Museum. Bonn, 1829. Bd. 3. S. 491-541; Idem // Kleine Schriften. 1893. Bd. 1. S. 1-39). With one of the students, the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, from J. established friendly relations and he set to music poems nek- D. In 1829 was published on 1st scientific paper by D. papyrology (Über die griechischen Beischriften der Berliner Papyros // Rheinisches Museum. Bonn, 1829. Bd. 3. S. 491-541; Idem // Kleine Schriften. 1893. Bd. 1. S. 1-39). In 1831 he defended his D. Doctor. VI (De Lagidarum regno Piolemaeo VI Philometore rege. Berolini, 1831; Idem. // Kleine Schriften. 1894. Bd. 2. S. 354-432). thesis on state-woo Lagidov (Ptolemaic) under Ptolemy VI (De Lagidarum regno Piolemaeo VI Philometore rege. Berolini, 1831; Idem. // Kleine Schriften. 1894. Bd. 2. S. 354-432). In 1833, etc.-assistant professor of ancient history and classical philology at the Berlin University are; extraordinary professor. Work in the University are combined with teaching at the Berlin Gymnasium”Grey abode”(from 1829). In 1832 came the translation D. Aeschylus; from 1836 to 1838 it was published 3 volumes of comedies of Aristophanes in his translation. Translations D. Greek. playwrights stand tall lit. advantages and, until now. time recognized as one of the best in it. literature of. Europe. Geschichte Alexanders des Grossen. Hamburg, 1833). D. acquired fame after the publication of the”History of Alexander the Great» (Geschichte Alexanders des Grossen. Hamburg, 1833). Geschichte der Hellenismus. Hamburg, 1836. Bd. 1; 1843. Bd. 2). Soon it was issued “Diadochi History”and”History of the epigones”under the title”History of Hellenism» (Geschichte der Hellenismus. Hamburg, 1836. Bd. 1; 1843. Bd. 2). In 1877-1878. Hamburg all three volumes were published under the single title “History of Hellenism.” In 1840, D. was invited to the department of history at Keele University Press. Among the audience was D. T. Mommsen. During this period, D. was actively involved in political life, in the national liberation movement in Schleswig and Holstein for breaking the union of the Hertz-ETS with Denmark. As of 1848-1849. Etc.-a member of the Frankfurt Parliament. There has been a dramatic change in the scientific interests of D. In the years 1842-1843. Vorlesungen über Freicheitskriege. Kiel, 1846). in Kiel, he gave lectures on the history of liberation wars (Vorlesungen über Freicheitskriege. Kiel, 1846). In 1851-1852 gg. D. published a biography of the gene. L. von Wartenburg York. Until the end of his life he worked on the”History of the Prussian policy”; brought his research to 1756 Although this work was based on a thorough work with the new documentary material Prussian archives, he has not received the same scientific recognition as the”History of Hellenism.” In 1851 D. moved to Jena; in 1859 he returned to Berlin. Although the plot of the new fascination with stories, regularly lectured on antiquity. In recent years, D. wrote several. small works on ancient history, in Vol. h. of ancient numismatics. D. one of the first applied to the study of complex historical period – from the reign of Alexander the Great to the conquest of Eastern Rome. Mediterranean, defining it as the Hellenistic. This term vposl. It was adopted by the other historians. Traditionally, after Alexander was assessed primarily as a period of decline and degradation of the classical Greek. culture, and event-driven side was represented as a kind of piling up facts malosvyazannyh together. D. was able to understand this kaleidoscope of events and to see the logic of the process occurs. «The history of Hellenism” AD has had a huge impact on the development of historiography. The era of Hellenism interested D. and how important time, create preconditions for the emergence of Christianity, which was, according to D. turning point in human history. Even in the Doctor. D. thesis suggested that the Greek. religion was closer to Christianity than Jewish. D. interested in the culture that emerged after Alexander, in the framework of a swarm, there was a process of mutual penetration and mixing rel. Forms (teokrasiya) Greek. and east. worlds. The main feature of the Hellenistic culture, according to the DA and it was the mutual influence of various ancient traditions, which eventually led to the emergence of Christianity. XIX It has long been noted that the emergence of the term”Hellenism”was due to the misunderstanding of philologists of the XIX century. the words”Hellenists”used in the NT (Acts 6 1). «Hellenists” consider people who spoke to some new language that is based on the Greek. and Hebrew. languages. D. For the main important point was the principle of mixing Greek. element with the elements of any east. the people, and this mixture was not just the language sphere, but also all aspects of culture. «Droysen extended the phenomenon of mixing Greek and Oriental started with the whole sphere of language and culture is a broader concept of the state has already made the sign of an era, turning it into the concept of a chronological unity. Hellenism could now designate the temporary space, in which the phenomenon of the said mixing; XI). In other words, this concept has now become a symbol timing as a post-classical Greek history and the history of the east after the destruction of the Persian empire”(Droysen. 1997. T. 1. S. XI). XIX Of particular interest in this era of AD it has been linked also with his political views on the processes taking place in the XIX century. in Germany. D. considered progressive phenomenon combining numerous and weak policies of Greece under the rule of Macedonia. Monarchs for the purpose of conquest east. territories. He wrote that the historian must understand the”spirit of the times”and the basis of its effect, to evaluate the events and actions of historical figures. Gr. politicians who fought for the freedom of his policies, like Demosthenes, D. evaluated as opponents of progress,”development and unstoppable movement forward.” At the same time the activities of Philip and Alexander D. viewed unequivocally positive. Favorite characters AD certainly was Alexander the Great, whose image he obviously idealized. I, I I Subjectivism and rhetorical inherent in the AD for what he later criticized by historians, nevertheless helped him to create memorable images of political figures of the era: Perdiccas, Polisperhonta, Ptolemy Lagus, Lysimachus, Antigonus I, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, Seleucus I Nicator and more. et al. The success of the DA also provided a brilliant literary. style, internal power text. And for foreign ease and entertaining presentation was a scrupulous work of AD with a very large volume of material of ancient historiographical tradition preserved information is very uneven. Gr. epigraphy was then in its infancy, papyrology like historical discipline emerged only in the context. XIX XIX century. For these reasons, in the”History of Hellenism”D. considered primarily foreign policy events of history. Socio-economic relations, especially Hellenistic culture were highlighted in the works of later historians, to- use new, unknown D. sources. D. brought the study only to 221 BC He was interested in theoretical questions of historical knowledge. Even in Kiel D. began to read lectures”Encyclopedia of the history and methodology of”to-ing includes a section on technique (heuristics, criticism, interpretation), systematics (definition of the scope of the historical method), Topeka (analysis of historical forms of presentation). Grundriss der Historik), Tezisno presentation of the course, to-Roe D. called”Outline historians» (Grundriss der Historik), several. Jena, 1858; Lpz. 1875, 1881). reprints (Jena, 1858; Lpz. 1875, 1881). In 1937, on the basis of surviving personal summaries D. lectures have been published in full. D. noted that the subject of history is not a”past”, and human actions committed in the past (acts of will). About these actions we can judge on the basis of the”residuals”(what is preserved. To the present day from the past), sources (that turned into the way people, and came to us as a memory), monuments (that unites the two preceding form). A critical study of the material, according to the historian D. lets not know the true historical fact, and a relatively precise and concrete opinion about it. So to historians urgent task is not to establish the laws of history, and the study of the laws of historical knowledge and expertise. D. acted against supporters of positivism, the simple sum of knowledge accumulation. He believed that the”hidden force”of history full of”ethical properties.” The practical significance of historical research that only they provide state-woo, the people, the army and so on. picture of themselves. The study of history is the basis of political education and education. Vol. Geschichte des Hellenismus. Geschichte des Hellenismus. B.; B .; Hamburg, 1836-1843. Hamburg, 1836-1843. 2 Bde. 2 Bde. Gotha, 1877-18782. Gotha, 1877-18782. 3 Bde (Bde (eng. Trans. The history of Hellenism: The 3 v. M. 1890-1893. RA-N / A. 1995. St. Petersburg. 1997-1999. M. 2003); Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Grafen Yorck von Wartenburg. Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Grafen Yorck von Wartenburg. B. ea 1851-1852. B. ea 1851-1852. 3 Bde; 3 Bde; Geschichte der Preussischen Politik. Geschichte der Preussischen Politik. Lpz. Lpz. 1855-1886. 1855-1886. 14 Bde; 14 Bde; Grundriss der Historik. Grundriss der Historik. Lpz. Lpz. 1868; 1868; Kleine Schriften zur Alten Geschichte / Hrsg. Kleine Schriften zur Alten Geschichte / Hrsg. E. Hübner. E. Hübner. Lpz. Lpz. 1893-1894. 1893-1894. 2 Bde; 2 Bde; Briefwechsel / Hrsg. Briefwechsel / Hrsg. R. Hübner. R. Hübner. Stuttg. Stuttg. ua 1929. 2 Bde; ua 1929. 2 Bde; Historik: Vorlesungen über Enzyklopädie und Methodologie der Geschichte / Hrsg. Historik: Vorlesungen über Enzyklopädie und Methodologie der Geschichte / Hrsg. R. Hübner. R. Hübner. Münch. Münch. 1937. Darmstadt, 19716 (Darmstadt, 19716 (eng. Trans. Historian. St. Petersburg. 2004).
Alessandro MagnoAlessandro Magno
Alessandro MagnoAlessandro Magno
Alessandro MagnoAlessandro Magno

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