Aleister Crowley

Submitted by on Oct 12, 2015

Aleister Crowley

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Born: October 12, 1875 Leamington Spa, United Kingdom

Died: December 1, 1947 Hastings, UK

Aleister Crowley – one of the most famous occultist XIX-XX centuries. founder of Thelema, the author of many occult works. When Crowley’s life consisted of several occult organizations, including the “Order of the Golden Dawn”, “The Order of the Silver Star”and”The Order of the Temple of the East.” For hobbies Crowley treated chess, mountain climbing and poetry.

Edward Alexander Crowley was born October 12, 1875 in the town of Leamington Spa (Warwickshire, England). Father – Edward Crowley, mother – Emily Bertha Bishop. The parents were members of a fundamentalist Christian sect “Plymouth Brethren.”Daily Bible study accompanied all childhood Alistair. However, after his father’s death his mother attempts to strengthen the Crowley in the Christian faith only provoked his skepticism. Sometimes his mother called him in the hearts of”the Beast 666″(from”Revelation”), and then Crowley received his nickname as the “magic name”, giving it a new meaning.

In 1895, after graduation, Crowley went to Cambridge University. At first he was going to study the “moral science” (philosophy, psychology and economics), but then decided to come to grips with English literature. Years of study at the university have been carelessly due to large inheritance left by his father.

In December 1896, Crowley decided to devote himself to the occult and mysticism. The following year he took up the study of books on alchemy, mysticism and magic. Short illness in 1897 led him to thoughts of death and the “futility of human existence” – or, at least, about the meaninglessness of his diplomatic career, he previously chose for themselves.

In 1898, Crowley published his first book of poetry, retired from the University of Cambridge and occultist acquainted with Julian Baker who introduced Crowley Samuel Mathers. one of the leaders of the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn».

In the same year, Crowley joined the Order, where he continued to study mysticism. There he made two powerful enemies: William Yeats and Arthur Waite. Crowley believed that Waite – nothing more than a pretentious bore, and criticized his works and translations. Here he found his mentor and first magic – Alan Bennett, who later introduced Crowley to the ideas of Buddhism and yoga practice.

In the fantasy novel “Moon Child”Crowley portray Mathers villain and black magician named SRMD (abbreviation magical motto Mathers). Arthur Waite will impartially described in the same novel as”Artueyt” while Bennett appears as a Buddhist monk-ascetic Mahatery Fang.

Crowley was disappointed in the abilities Mathers dates back to 1900 when the split “Golden Dawn” (although the official gap between them was followed only in 1904). In the same year, Crowley made a trip to Mexico, where he continued his magical experiments alone.

In October 1901, Crowley began to practice Raja Yoga, and in 1902 wrote an essay, “Genesis,”which introduced the meditation as a right, but a last resort and for the achievement of the mystical practices and ceremonial magic – both excellent way to develop skills for meditation (through exercise of will and a constant concentration thoughts on the purpose of the ritual). In 1903, in his essay”Science and Buddhism,” Crowley showed empirical approach to the teachings of Buddhism.

A magical experiment conducted by Crowley in Cairo, brought him to the base of religious doctrine, known as Thelema. It all started with the fact that his wife, Rose, was the claim that some spiritual entity wants to enter into contact with him. Seeing that we are talking about the Egyptian god of Chora, Crowley called to him with the help of magical ritual and reached, in his words, “serious success”god told him about the beginning of a new magical Aeon Crowley and mission as a prophet of the Aeon. Rose said about the time in which we should expect new revelations. 8, 9 and 10 April from noon until one o’clock Crowley wrote under the dictation of text became known as «Liber AL vel Legis», or”Book of the Law.”The spiritual essence, dictated to him, calling Ayvasom,”minister Hor-pa-fold”- incarnation of Horus, the god of force and fire, the son of Isis and Osiris. Many verses of the book had not only literal but also a hidden, encrypted sense to get into that Crowley himself was only partly true. In later editions of the”Book of the Law” in order to avoid possible dogmatization Crowley said in her warning prohibiting someone else to discuss or criticize the text.

In 1904, the marriage with Rosa Crowley had a daughter, whom he gave the name “Ma Nuit Ahator Hecate Sappho Jezabel Lilith Crowley.” The child died at age two and a half years old when Crowley left her with Rosa after a trip to China. Some time later, she was born the second daughter, Lola Zaza.

In 1907, in Crowley’s life there are two serious developments: he founded his own order of “Silver Star”and a set of”Holy Books of Thelema».

In 1920, Crowley went to Cefalu in Sicily and founded his “abbey” Thelema. In April, the Italian police ordered Crowley and his followers to leave Sicily.

In the 1926-1928 biennium. He made a trip to France, Germany and North Africa.

In 1929, Crowley was expelled from France. He published his book “Magic in Theory and Practice.” In Germany, Crowley married nikaraguanke Maria Ferrari de Miramar.

rest of his life Crowley spent wandering of low-cost hotels, first in London, then in Hastings. There he worked with stories about his teachings and finding money to live on. Several biographers and historians spend a thought about his addiction to heroin at the time. At the same time, he met with Gerald Gardner. the founder of Wicca. It is believed that the main book Wiccans Crowley wrote to Gardner for money, but this assertion is questionable number of researchers.

December 1, 1947 Aleister Crowley died at the guest house “Nezervud”in Hastings. December 5, his body was cremated in Brighton. At the funeral, according to his last will, were read selected passages from his”Book of the Law”and composed by him shortly before his death,”Hymn to Pan».

References

1903 – Genesis / Bereshith

1904 – Goetija / Goetia

1909 – 777 Kabbalah Crowley / 777 and Other Qabalistic Writings of Aleister Crowley

1909 – The holy books of Thelema / The Holy Books

1911 – Book Four. Part I: Mysticism / Book Four. Part One: Mysticism

1911 – Vision and Voice / The Vision and the Voice

1912 – The Book of Lies / The Book of Lies

1913 – Book Four. Part II: Magic / Book Four. Part One: Magick

1929 – Book Four. Part III: Magick in Theory and Practice / Book Four. Part Three: Magick in Theory and Practice

1936 – Equinox of the Gods / The Equinox of the Gods

1938 – Heart of the Master / The Heart of the Master

1938 – Step by step – to the truth / Little Essays Towards Truth

Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley
Aleister CrowleyAleister Crowley

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